Statistical information South Korea 1992South%20Korea

Map of South Korea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

South Korea in the World
South Korea in the World


South Korea - Introduction 1992
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Background: At the end of World War II, the US and the Soviet Union agreed that US troops would accept the surrender of Japanese forces south of the 38th parallel and the Soviet Union would do so in the north. In 1948, the UN proposed nationwide elections; after P'yongyang's refusal to allow UN inspectors in the north, elections were held in the south and the Republic of Korea was established. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established the following month in the north. Communist North Korean forces invaded South Korea in 1950. US and other UN forces intervened to defend the South and Chinese forces intervened on behalf of the North. After a bitter three-year war, an armistice was signed in 1953, establishing a military demarcation line near the 38th parallel. Thereafter, South Korea achieved amazing economic growth, with per capita output rising to 13 times the level in the North.

South Korea - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 98,480 km²
Land: 98,190 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Indiana

Land boundaries: 238 km; North Korea 238 km

Coastline: 2,413 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specific
Territorial sea: 12 nm (3 nm in the Korea Strait)
Demarcation Line with North Korea; Liancourt Rocks claimed by

Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

Terrain: mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south


Natural resources: coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower
Land use

Land use: arable land: 21%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 1%; forest and woodland 67%; other 10%; includes irrigated 12%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


South Korea - People 1992
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Population: 44,149,199 (July 1992), growth rate 1.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Korean(s;adjective - Korean

Ethnic groups: homogeneous; small Chinese minority (about 20,000)

Languages: Korean; English widely taught in high school

Religions: strong Confucian tradition; vigorous Christian minority (24.3% of the total population; Buddhism; pervasive folk religion (Shamanism; Chondogyo (religion of the heavenly way), eclectic religion with nationalist overtones founded in 19th century, about 0.1% of population

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 16 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; earthquakes in southwest; air pollution in large cities

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 23 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 67 years male, 73 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 96% (male 99%, female 94%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

South Korea - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Korea; abbreviated ROK

Government type: republic

Capital: Seoul

Administrative divisions:
9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 6 special cities* (jikhalsi, singular and plural); Cheju-do, Cholla-bukto,
Cholla-namdo, Ch'ungch'ong-bukto, Ch'ungch'ong-namdo, Inch'on-jikhalsi*,
Kangwon-do, Kwangju-jikhalsi*, Kyonggi-do, Kyongsang-bukto, Kyongsang-namdo,
Pusan-jikhalsi*, Soul-t'ukpyolsi*, Taegu-jikhalsi*, Taejon-jikhalsi*

Dependent areas

Independence: 15 August 1948

National holiday: Independence Day, 15 August (1948)

Constitution: 25 February 1988

Legal system: combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and Chinese classical thought

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 20
last held on 16 December 1987 (next to be held December 1992); results - ROH Tae Woo (DJP) 35.9%, KIM Young Sam (RDP) 27.5%, KIM Dae
Jung (PPD) 26.5%, other 10.1%

National Assembly:
last held on 26 April 1988 (next to be held around
March 1992); results - DJP 34%, RDP 24%, PPD 19%, NDRP 15%, other 8%; seats - (296 total) DJP 125, PPD 70, RDP 59, NDRP 35, other 10; note - on 9
February 1990 the DJP, RDP, and NDRP merged to form the DLP; also the PPD, later renamed the NDP, merged with another party to form the DP in September 1991. The distribution of seats as of December 1991 was DLP 214, DP 72, independent 9, vacant 1

Executive branch:
president, prime minister, two deputy prime ministers,
State Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Kuk Hoe)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador HYUN Hong Joo; Chancery at 2,370
Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 939-5,600; there are Korean Consulates General in Agana (Guam), Anchorage, Atlanta,
Chicago, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and

Ambassador Donald P. GREGG; Embassy at 82 Sejong-Ro, Chongro-ku,
Seoul, AMEMB, Unit 15,550 (mailing address is APO AP 96,205-0001); telephone 82 (2) 732-2,601 through 2,618; FAX 82 (2) 738-8,845; there is a US
Consulate in Pusan

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of South%20Korea:
white with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of
Changes) in each corner of the white field

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

South Korea - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The driving force behind the economy's dynamic growth has been the planned development of an export-oriented economy in a vigorously entrepreneurial society. Real GNP has increased more than 10% annually over the past six years. This growth has led to an overheated situation characterized by a tight labor market, strong inflationary pressures, and a rapidly rising current account deficit. Policymakers have stated they will focus attention on slowing inflation. In any event, the economy will remain the envy of the great majority of the world's peoples.
GNP: purchasing power equivalent - $273 billion, per capita $6,300; real growth rate 8.7% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 8% of GNP and employs 21% of work force (including fishing and forestry; principal crops - rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; livestock and livestock products - cattle, hogs, chickens, milk, eggs; self-sufficient in food, except for wheat; fish catch of 2.9 million metric tons, seventh-largest in world

Industries: textiles, clothing, footwear, food processing, chemicals, steel, electronics, automobile production, shipbuilding

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 7.5% (1991 est.), accounts for about 45% of GNP

Labor force:
16,900,000; 52%
services and other; 27% mining and manufacturing; 21% agriculture, fishing, forestry (1987)

Organized labor: 23.4% (1989) of labor force in government-sanctioned unions
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.4% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $44 billion; expenditures $44 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $71.9 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: textiles, clothing, electronic and electrical equipment, footwear, machinery, steel, automobiles, ships, fish
Partners: US 26%, Japan 18% (1991)

Imports: $81.6 billion (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: machinery, electronics and electronic equipment, oil, steel, transport equipment, textiles, organic chemicals, grains
Partners: Japan 26%, US 23% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: South Korean won (W) per US$1 - 766.66 (January 1992), 733.35 (1991), 707.76 (1990), 671.46 (1989), 731.47 (1988), 822.57 (1987)

South Korea - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 24,000,000 kW capacity; 106,000 million kWh produced, 2,460 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

South Korea - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

South Korea - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $12.6 billion, 4.5% of
GNP (1992 budget)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

South Korea - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

105 total, 97 usable; 60 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 23
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 16
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: petroleum products 455 km



Waterways: 1,609 km; use restricted to small native craft

Merchant marine:
435 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,924,818
GRT/11,389,397 DWT; includes 2 short-sea passenger, 140 cargo, 53 container, 11 refrigerated cargo, 9 vehicle carrier, 42 petroleum tanker, 10 chemical tanker, 14 liquefied gas, 5 combination ore/oil, 145 bulk, 3 combination bulk, 1 multifunction large-load carrier

Civil air: 93 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

South Korea - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

World Nomads

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