Statistical information Sudan 1992Sudan

Map of Sudan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Sudan in the World
Sudan in the World



Sudan - Introduction 1992
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Background: Military dictatorships promulgating an Islamic government have mostly run the country since independence from the UK in 1956. Over the past two decades a civil war pitting black Christians and animists in the south against the Arab-Muslims of the north has cost at least 1.5 million lives in war and famine-related deaths as well as the displacement of millions of others.


Sudan - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 2,505,810 km²
Land: 2,376,000 km²
Comparative: slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US

Land boundaries:
7,697 km total; Central African Republic 1,165 km, Chad 1,360 km, Egypt 1,273 km, Ethiopia 2,221 km, Kenya 232 km, Libya 383 km,
Uganda 435 km, Zaire 628 km


Coastline: 853 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 18 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: administrative boundary with Kenya does not coincide with international boundary; administrative boundary with Egypt does not coincide with international boundary

Climate:
tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season (April to
October)


Terrain: generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in east and west

Elevation

Natural resources: small reserves of crude oil, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, crude oil
Land use

Land use: arable land: 5%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 24%; forest and woodland 20%; other 51%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Sudan - People 1992
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Population: 28,305,046 (July 1992), growth rate 3.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Sudanese (singular and plural; adjective - Sudanese

Ethnic groups: black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%

Languages:
Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of
Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, and Sudanic languages, English; program of
Arabization in process


Religions:
Sunni Muslim (in north) 70%, indigenous beliefs 20%,
Christian (mostly in south and Khartoum) 5%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 44 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 13 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NEGL migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: dominated by the Nile and its tributaries; dust storms; desertification
Current issues note: largest country in Africa

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 83 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 53 years male, 54 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.3 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 27% (male 43%, female 12%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Sudan - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of the Sudan

Government type: military; civilian government suspended and martial law imposed after 30 June 1989 coup

Capital: Khartoum

Administrative divisions:
9 states (wilayat, singular - wilayat or wilayah*); A'ali an Nil, Al Wusta*, Al Istiwa'iyah*, Al Khartum, Ash
Shamaliyah*, Ash Sharqiyah*, Bahr al Ghazal, Darfur, Kurdufan


Dependent areas

Independence:
1 January 1956 (from Egypt and UK; formerly Anglo-Egyptian
Sudan)


National holiday: Independence Day, 1 January (1956)

Constitution: 12 April 1973, suspended following coup of 6 April 1985; interim constitution of 10 October 1985 suspended following coup of 30 June 1989

Legal system:
based on English common law and Islamic law; as of 20
January 1991, the Revolutionary Command Council imposed Islamic law in the six northern states of Al Wusta, Al Khartum, Ash Shamaliyah, Ash Sharqiyah,
Darfur, and Kurdufan; the council is still studying criminal provisions under Islamic law; Islamic law will apply to all residents of the six northern states regardless of their religion; some separate religious courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch: executive and legislative authority vested in a 12-member Revolutionary Command Council (RCC; chairman of the RCC acts as prime minister; in July 1989, RCC appointed a predominately civilian 22-member cabinet to function as advisers

Legislative branch: appointed 300-member Transitional National Assembly; note - as announced 1 January 1992 by RCC Chairman BASHIR, the Assembly assumes all legislative authority for Sudan until the eventual, unspecified resumption of national elections

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Special Revolutionary Courts

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77,
IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IGADD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador `Abdallah Ahmad `ABDALLAH;
Chancery at 2,210 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 338-8,565 through 8,570; there is a Sudanese Consulate General in New
York

US:
Ambassador James R. CHEEK (will be replaced summer of 1992); Embassy at Shar'ia Ali Abdul Latif, Khartoum (mailing address is P. O. Box 699,
Khartoum, or APO AE 9,829); telephone 74,700 or 74,611; Telex 22,619


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Sudan: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Sudan - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Sudan is buffeted by civil war, chronic political instability, adverse weather, high inflation, and counterproductive economic policies.
The economy is dominated by governmental entities that account for more than 70% of new investment. The private sector's main areas of activity are agriculture and trading, with most private industrial investment predating 1980. The economy's base is agriculture, which employs 80% of the work force. Industry mainly processes agricultural items. Sluggish economic performance over the past decade, attributable largely to declining annual rainfall, has reduced levels of per capita income and consumption. A high foreign debt and huge arrearages continue to cause difficulties. In 1990 the
International Monetary Fund took the unusual step of declaring Sudan noncooperative because of its nonpayment of arrearages to the Fund. Despite subsequent government efforts to implement reforms urged by the IMF and the
World Bank, the economy remained stagnant in FY91 as entrepreneurs lack the incentive to take economic risks.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $12.1 billion, per capita $450; real growth rate 0% (FY91 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 35% of GDP and 80% of labor force; water shortages; two-thirds of land area suitable for raising crops and livestock; major products - cotton, oilseeds, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sheep; marginally self-sufficient in most foods

Industries: cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%; accounts for 11% of GDP (FY89)

Labor force: 6,500,000; agriculture 80%, industry and commerce 10%, government 6%; labor shortages for almost all categories of skilled employment (1983 est.); 52% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: trade unions suspended following 30 June 1989 coup; now in process of being legalized anew
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (FY91 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.3 billion; expenditures $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $505 million (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $325 million (f.o.b., FY91 est.)
Commodoties: cotton 52%, sesame, gum arabic, peanuts
Partners: Western Europe 46%, Saudi Arabia 14%, Eastern Europe 9%, Japan 9%, US 3% (FY88)

Imports: $1.40 billion (c.i.f., FY91 est.)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, petroleum products, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles
Partners:
Western Europe 32%, Africa and Asia 15%, US 13%, Eastern
Europe 3% (FY88)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: official rate - Sudanese pounds (#Sd) per US$1 - 90.1 (March 1992), 5.4288 (1991), 4.5004 (fixed rate since 1987), 2.8121 (1987; note - free market rate 83 (December 1991)


Sudan - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 610,000 kW capacity; 905 million kWh produced, 40 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Sudan - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Sudan - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $610 million, 7.2% of
GDP (1989 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Sudan - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
72 total, 57 usable; 8 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 5
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 31
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: refined products 815 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 5,310 km navigable

Merchant marine:
5 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 42,277 GRT/59,588
DWT; includes 3 cargo, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo

Civil air: 18 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Sudan - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Turbopass


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