Statistical information Swaziland 1992Swaziland

Map of Swaziland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Swaziland - Introduction 1992
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Background: Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted 1968.


Swaziland - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 17,360 km²
Land: 17,200 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries: 535 km total; Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: varies from tropical to near temperate

Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

Elevation

Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Land use

Land use: arable land: 8%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 67%; forest and woodland 6%; other 19%; includes irrigated 2%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Swaziland - People 1992
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Population: 913,008 (July 1992), growth rate 2.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Swazi(s; adjective - Swazi

Ethnic groups: African 97%, European 3%

Languages: English and siSwati (official; government business conducted in English

Religions: Christian 60%, indigenous beliefs 40%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 44 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 12 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -6 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
Current issues note: landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 98 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 52 years male, 60 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.2 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 55% (male 57%, female 54%) age 15 and over can read and write (1976)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Swaziland - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland

Government type: monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth

Capital: Mbabane (administrative; Lobamba (legislative)

Administrative divisions:
4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini,
Shiselweni


Dependent areas

Independence: 6 September 1968 (from UK)

National holiday: Somhlolo (Independence) Day, 6 September (1968)

Constitution:
none; constitution of 6 September 1968 was suspended on 12
April 1973; a new constitution was promulgated 13 October 1978, but has not been formally presented to the people


Legal system: based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts, Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch: monarch, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament is advisory and consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly

Judicial branch: High Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA,
IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, PCA,
SACU, SADCC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Absalom Vusani MAMBA; Chancery at 3,400 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 362-6,683
US:
Ambassador Stephen H. ROGERS; Embassy at Central Bank Building,
Warner Street, Mbabane (mailing address is P. O. Box 199, Mbabane); telephone 268 46,441 through 5; FAX 268 45,959


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Swaziland: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Swaziland - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy is based on subsistence agriculture, which occupies most of the labor force and contributes nearly 25% to GDP.
Manufacturing, which includes a number of agroprocessing factories, accounts for another quarter of GDP. Mining has declined in importance in recent years; high-grade iron ore deposits were depleted in 1978, and health concerns cut world demand for asbestos. Exports of sugar and forestry products are the main earners of hard currency. Surrounded by South Africa, except for a short border with Mozambique, Swaziland is heavily dependent on
South Africa, from which it receives 75% of its imports and to which it sends about half of its exports.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $563 million, per capita $725; real growth rate 5.0% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 23% of GDP and over 60% of labor force; mostly subsistence agriculture; cash crops - sugarcane, cotton, maize, tobacco, rice, citrus fruit, pineapples; other crops and livestock - corn, sorghum, peanuts, cattle, goats, sheep; not self-sufficient in grain

Industries: mining (coal and asbestos), wood pulp, sugar

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA; accounts for 26% of GDP (1989)

Labor force: 195,000; over 60,000 engaged in subsistence agriculture; about 92,000 wage earners (many only intermittently), with agriculture and forestry 36%, community and social services 20%, manufacturing 14%, construction 9%, other 21%; 16,800 employed in South Africa mines (1990)
Organized labor: about 10% of wage earners
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $335.4 million; expenditures $360.5 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY93 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $557 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, citrus, canned fruit
Partners: South Africa 50% (est.), EC, Canada

Imports: $632 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, chemicals
Partners: South Africa 75% (est.), Japan, Belgium, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: emalangeni (E) per US$1 - 2.7814 (January 1992), 2.7563 (1991), 2.5863 (1990), 2.6166 (1989), 2.2611 (1988), 2.0350 (1987; note - the Swazi emalangeni is at par with the South African rand


Swaziland - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 60,000 kW capacity; 155 million kWh produced, 180 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Swaziland - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Swaziland - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $11 million, about 2% of GNP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Swaziland - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
23 total, 21 usable; 1 with permanent-surfaced runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Swaziland - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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