Statistical information Switzerland 1992Switzerland

Map of Switzerland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Switzerland in the World
Switzerland in the World

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Switzerland - Introduction 1992
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Background: Switzerland's independence and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers and Switzerland did not participate in either World War I or II. The political and economic integration of Europe since World War II may be rendering obsolete Switzerland's concern for neutrality.


Switzerland - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 41,290 km²
Land: 39,770 km²
Comparative: slightly more than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries: 1,852 km total; Austria 164 km, France 573 km, Italy 740 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes

Elevation

Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt
Land use

Land use: arable land: 10%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 40%; forest and woodland 26%; other 23%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Switzerland - People 1992
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Population: 6,828,023 (July 1992), growth rate 0.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Swiss (singular and plural; adjective - Swiss

Ethnic groups:
total population - German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%; Swiss nationals - German 74%, French 20%,
Italian 4%, Romansch 1%, other 1%


Languages:
total population - German 65%, French 18%, Italian 12%,
Romansch 1%, other 4%; Swiss nationals - German 74%, French 20%, Italian 4%,
Romansch 1%, other 1%


Religions: Roman Catholic 47.6%, Protestant 44.3%, other 8.1% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 12 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 3 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: dominated by Alps
Current issues note: landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 76 years male, 83 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Switzerland - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Swiss Confederation

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Bern

Administrative divisions:
26 cantons (cantons, singular - canton in
French; cantoni, singular - cantone in Italian; kantone, singular - kanton in German); Aargau, Ausser-Rhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern,
Fribourg, Geneve, Glarus, Graubunden, Inner-Rhoden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel,
Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau,
Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zurich


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 August 1291

National holiday:
Anniversary of the Founding of the Swiss
Confederation, 1 August (1291)


Constitution: 29 May 1874

Legal system: civil law system influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts, except with respect to federal decrees of general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
Council of States:
last held throughout 1991 (next to be held NA 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (46 total) FDP 18, CVP 16,
SVP 4, SPS 3, LPS 3, LdU 1, Ticino League 1

National Council:
last held 20 October 1991 (next to be held NA October 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (200 total) FDP 44,
SPS 42, CVP 37, SVP 25, GPS 14, LPS 10, AP 8, LdU 6, SD 5, EVP 3, PdA 2,
Ticino League 2, other 2

Communists: 4,500 members (est.)

Executive branch:
president, vice president, Federal Council (German -
Bundesrat, French - Conseil Federal, Italian - Consiglio Federale)


Legislative branch:
bicameral Federal Assembly (German -
Bundesversammlung, French - Assemblee Federale, Italian - Assemblea
Federale) consists of an upper council or Council of States (German -
Standerat, French - Conseil des Etats, Italian - Consiglio degli Stati) and a lower council or National Council (German - Nationalrat, French - Conseil
National, Italian - Consiglio Nazionale)


Judicial branch: Federal Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, CSCE, EBRD,
ECE, EFTA, ESA, FAO, G-8, G-10, GATT, IADB, IAEA, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IEA,
IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU,
LORCS, NAM (guest), NEA, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN (observer), UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Edouard BRUNNER; Chancery at 2,900
Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 745-7,900; there are Swiss Consulates General in Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New
York, and San Francisco

US:
Ambassador Joseph B. GILDENHORN; Embassy at Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3,005 Bern; telephone 41 (31) 437-011; FAX 41 (31) 437-344; there is a
Branch Office of the Embassy in Geneva and a Consulate General in Zurich


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Switzerland: red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Switzerland - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Switzerland's economic success is matched in few other nations. Per capita output, general living standards, education and science, health care, and diet are unsurpassed in Europe. Economic stability helps promote the important banking and tourist sectors. Since World War II,
Switzerland's economy has adjusted smoothly to the great changes in output and trade patterns in Europe and presumably can adjust to the challenges of the 1990s, particularly to the further economic integration of Western
Europe and the amazingly rapid changes in East European political and economic prospects. After 8 years of growth, the economy experienced a mild recession in 1991 because monetary policy was tightened to combat inflation and because of the weak international economy. In the second half of 1992, however, Switzerland is expected to resume growth, despite inflation and unemployment problems. GDP growth for 1992 may be just under 1%, inflation should drop from 5.9% to 3.5%, and the trade deficit will continue to decline after dropping by over 15% to $5 billion, due to increased exports to Germany. Unemployment, however, is forecast to rise to 1.6% in 1992, up from 1.3% in 1991 and 0.5% in 1990.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $147.4 billion, per capita $21,700; real growth rate -0.2% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: dairy farming predominates; less than 50% self-sufficient; food shortages - fish, refined sugar, fats and oils (other than butter), grains, eggs, fruits, vegetables, meat

Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 0.4% (1991 est.)

Labor force: 3,310,000; 904,095 foreign workers, mostly Italian; services 50%, industry and crafts 33%, government 10%, agriculture and forestry 6%, other 1% (1989)
Organized labor: 20% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.3% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $24.0 billion; expenditures $23.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $62.2 billion (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, precision instruments, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles and clothing
Partners: Western Europe 64% (EC 56%, other 8%), US 9%, Japan 4%

Imports: $68.5 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: agricultural products, machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, textiles, construction materials
Partners: Western Europe 78% (EC 71%, other 7%), US 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Swiss francs, franken, or franchi (SwF) per US$1 - 1.4037 (January 1992), 1.4340 (1991), 1.3892 (1990), 1.6359 (1989), 1.4633 (1988), 1.4912 (1987)


Switzerland - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17,710,000 kW capacity; 59,070 million kWh produced, 8,930 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Switzerland - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Switzerland - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $4.6 billion, about 2% of GDP (1990)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Switzerland - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
66 total, 65 usable; 42 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways over 3,659 m; 5
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 18
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 314 km, natural gas 1,506 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways:
65 km; Rhine (Basel to Rheinfelden, Schaffhausen to
Bodensee); 12 navigable lakes


Merchant marine:
22 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 325,234
GRT/576,953 DWT; includes 5 cargo, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 3 chemical tanker, 2 specialized tanker, 9 bulk, 1 petroleum tanker

Civil air: 89 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Switzerland - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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