Statistical information Tanzania 1992Tanzania

Map of Tanzania | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Tanzania in the World
Tanzania in the World

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Tanzania - Introduction 1992
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Background: Shortly after independence Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1992 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.


Tanzania - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 945,090 km²
Land:
886,040 km²; includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and
Zanzibar

Comparative: slightly larger than twice the size of California

Land boundaries: 3,402 km total; Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

Coastline: 1,424 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes:
boundary dispute with Malawi in Lake Nyasa;
Tanzania-Zaire-Zambia tripoint in Lake Tanganyika may no longer be indefinite since it is reported that the indefinite section of the
Zaire-Zambia boundary has been settled


Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Elevation

Natural resources: hydropower potential, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Land use

Land use: arable land: 5%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 40%; forest and woodland 47%; other 7%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Tanzania - People 1992
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Population: 27,791,552 (July 1992), growth rate 3.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Tanzanian(s; adjective - Tanzanian

Ethnic groups: mainland - native African consisting of well over 100 tribes 99%; Asian, European, and Arab 1%

Languages: Swahili and English (official; English primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education; Swahili widely understood and generally used for communication between ethnic groups; first language of most people is one of the local languages; primary education is generally in Swahili

Religions:
mainland - Christian 33%, Muslim 33%, indigenous beliefs 33%;
Zanzibar - almost all Muslim


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 49 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 15 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues:
lack of water and tsetse fly limit agriculture; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; Kilimanjaro is highest point in
Africa


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 103 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 50 years male, 55 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 7.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 46% (male 62%, female 31%) age 15 and over can read and write (1978)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Tanzania - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania

Government type: republic

Capital:
Dar es Salaam; some government offices have been transferred to
Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital by the end of the 1990s


Administrative divisions:
25 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma,
Iringa, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza,
Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora,
Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West, Ziwa
Magharibi


Dependent areas

Independence:
Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UN trusteeship under British administration); Zanzibar became independent 19
December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964


National holiday: Union Day, 26 April (1964)

Constitution: 15 March 1984 (Zanzibar has its own Constitution but remains subject to provisions of the union Constitution)

Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
President: last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held NA October 1995); results - Ali Hassan MWINYI was elected without opposition
National Assembly: last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held NA October 1995); results - CCM is the only party; seats - (241 total, 168 elected) CCM 168

Executive branch: president, first vice president and prime minister of the union, second vice president and president of Zanzibar, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Bunge)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, FLS, G-6, G-77, GATT,
IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC,
ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, SADCC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU,
WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador-designate Charles Musama NYIRABU;
Chancery at 2,139 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 939-6,125

US:
Ambassador Edmund DE JARNETTE, Jr.; Embassy at 36 Laibon Road (off
Bagamoyo Road), Dar es Salaam (mailing address is P. O. Box 9,123, Dar es
Salaam); telephone 255 (51) 66,010/13; FAX 255 (51)66,701


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Tanzania: divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Tanzania - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for about 47% of
GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force. Industry accounts for 8% of GDP and is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The economic recovery program announced in mid-1986 has generated notable increases in agricultural production and financial support for the program by bilateral donors. The World Bank, the
International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Growth in 1991 was featured by a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals led by gold.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $6.9 billion, per capita $260 (1989 est.); real growth rate 4.5% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for over 45% of GDP; topography and climatic conditions limit cultivated crops to only 5% of land area; cash crops - coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashews, tobacco, cloves (Zanzibar; food crops - corn, wheat, cassava, bananas, fruits, and vegetables; small numbers of cattle, sheep, and goats; not self-sufficient in food grain production

Industries: primarily agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refinery, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 4.2% (1988; accounts for 8% of GDP

Labor force:
732,200 wage earners; 90% agriculture, 10%
industry and commerce (1986 est.)

Organized labor: 15% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $495 million; expenditures $631 million, including capital expenditures of $118 million (FY90)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $478 million (f.o.b., FY91 est.)
Commodoties: coffee, cotton, sisal, tea, cashew nuts, meat, tobacco, diamonds, gold, coconut products, pyrethrum, cloves (Zanzibar)
Partners: FRG, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Kenya, Hong Kong, US

Imports: $1.5 billion (c.i.f., FY91 est.)
Commodoties: manufactured goods, machinery and transportation equipment, cotton piece goods, crude oil, foodstuffs
Partners: FRG, UK, US, Japan, Italy, Denmark

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Tanzanian shillings (TSh) per US$1 - 236.01 (February (1992), 219.16 (1991), 195.06 (1990), 143.38 (1989), 99.29 (1988), 64.26 (1987)


Tanzania - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 405,000 kW capacity; 905 million kWh produced, 35 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Tanzania - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Tanzania - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $119 million, about 2% of GDP (FY89 budget)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Tanzania - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
104 total, 94 usable; 12 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 3
with runways 2,440-3, 659 m; 43
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 982 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa

Merchant marine:
6 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 19,185 GRT/22,916
DWT; includes 2 passenger-cargo, 2 cargo, 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 petroleum tanker

Civil air: 8 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Tanzania - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sightseeing Pass


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