Statistical information The Bahamas 1992The%20Bahamas

Map of The Bahamas | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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The Bahamas in the World
The Bahamas in the World


The Bahamas - Introduction 1992
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Background: Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973 The Bahamas have prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. By the early 1980s the islands had become a major center for drug trafficking particularly shipments to the US.

The Bahamas - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 13,940 km²
Land: 10,070 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 3,542 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

Terrain: long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills


Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber
Land use

Land use:
arable land: 1%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures
NEGL%; forest and woodland 32%; other 67%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


The Bahamas - People 1992
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Population: 255,811 (July 1992), growth rate 1.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun--Bahamian(s; adjective--Bahamian

Ethnic groups: black 85%, white 15%

Languages: English; some Creole among Haitian immigrants

Baptist 32%, Anglican 20%, Roman Catholic 19%, Methodist 6%,
Church of God 6%, other Protestant 12%, none or unknown 3%, other 2% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 19 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood damage
Current issues note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 19 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 90% (male 90%, female 89%) age 15 and over but definition of literacy not

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

The Bahamas - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: The Commonwealth of The Bahamas

Government type: commonwealth

Capital: Nassau

Administrative divisions:
21 districts; Abaco, Acklins Island, Andros
Island, Berry Islands,

Dependent areas

Independence: 10 July 1973 (from UK)

National holiday: National Day, 10 July (1973)

Constitution: 10 July 1973

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
House of Assembly: last held 19 June 1987 (next to be held by NA June 1992);

Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime minister, deputy prime

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or
Senate and a lower

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, CCC, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO,
Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Margaret E. McDONALD; Chancery at 2,220 Massachusetts
Ambassador Chic HECHT; Embassy at Mosmar Building, Queen Street,
Nassau (mailing address is P. O. Box N-8,197, Nassau); telephone (809) 322-1181 or 328-2,206; FAX (809) 328-7,838

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of The%20Bahamas: three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and aquamarine with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

The Bahamas - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The Bahamas is a stable, middle-income developing nation whose economy is based primarily on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism alone provides about 50% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs about 50,000 people or 40% of the local work force. The economy has slackened in recent years, as the annual increase in the number of tourists slowed. Nonetheless, the per capita GDP of $9,900 is one of the highest in the region.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent--$2.5 billion, per capita $9,900; real growth rate 1.0% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for less than 5% of GDP; dominated by small-scale producers;

Industries: tourism, banking, cement, oil refining and transshipment, salt production, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral welded steel pipe

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 3% (1990; accounts for 15% of GDP

Labor force: 127,400; government 30%, hotels and restaurants 25%, business services
Organized labor: 25% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16.0% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $627.5 million; expenditures $727.5 million, including capital expenditures of $100 million (1992, projected)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $306 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.;
Commodoties: pharmaceuticals, cement, rum, crawfish;
Partners: US 41%, Norway 30%, Denmark 4%

Imports: $1.14 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.;
Commodoties: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, mineral fuels;
Partners: US 35%, Nigeria 21%, Japan 13%, Angola 11%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bahamian dollar (B$) per US$1--1.00 (fixed rate)

The Bahamas - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 368,000 kw capacity; 857 million kWh produced 3,339 kWh per capita

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

The Bahamas - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

The Bahamas - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion--$65 million, 2.7% of GDP (1990)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

The Bahamas - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 59 total, 54 usable; 30 with permanent-surface runways; none with

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
778 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 18,129,173
GRT/30,002,421 DWT;

Civil air: 11 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

The Bahamas - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine


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