Statistical information The Netherlands 1992The%20Netherlands

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The Netherlands in the World
The Netherlands in the World

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The Netherlands - Introduction 1992
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Background: The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern industrialized nation the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC.


The Netherlands - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 37,330 km²
Land: 33,920 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries: 1,027 km total; Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

Coastline: 451 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specific
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders; some hills in southeast

Elevation

Natural resources: natural gas, crude oil, fertile soil
Land use

Land use: arable land: 26%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 32%; forest and woodland 9%; other 32%; includes irrigated 16%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


The Netherlands - People 1992
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Population: 15,112,064 (July 1992), growth rate 0.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women; adjective - Dutch

Ethnic groups: Dutch 96%, Moroccans, Turks, and other 4% (1988)

Languages: Dutch

Religions: Roman Catholic 36%, Protestant 27%, other 6%, unaffiliated 31% (1988)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 13 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: 27% of the land area is below sea level and protected from the North Sea by dikes
Current issues note:
located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or
Meuse, Schelde)


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 75 years male, 81 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1979 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


The Netherlands - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of the Netherlands

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government

Administrative divisions:
12 provinces (provincien, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg,
Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland


Dependent areas: (2) Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

Independence: 1579 (from Spain)

National holiday: Queen's Day, 30 April (1938)

Constitution: 17 February 1983

Legal system: civil law system incorporating French penal theory; judicial review in the Supreme Court of legislation of lower order rather than Acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
First Chamber: last held on 9 June l991 (next to be held 9 June 1995); results - elected by the country's 12 provincial councils; seats - (75 total) percent of seats by party NA
Second Chamber:
last held on 6 September 1989 (next to be held by
September 1993); results - CDA 35.3%, PvdA 31. 9%, VVD 14.6%, D'66 7.9%, other 10.3%; seats - (150 total) CDA 54, PvdA 49, VVD 22, D'66 12, other 13

Communists: about 6,000

Executive branch:
monarch, prime minister, vice prime minister, Cabinet,
Cabinet of Ministers


Legislative branch:
bicameral legislature (Staten Generaal) consists of an upper chamber or First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) and a lower chamber or
Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer)


Judicial branch: Supreme Court (De Hoge Raad)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS,
CCC, CE, CERN, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD, EC, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMS, ESA, ESCAP, FAO,
G-10, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO,
IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MTCR,
NACC, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,
UNIDO, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Johan Hendrick MEESMAN; Chancery at 4,200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 244-5,300; there are Dutch Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New
York, and San Francisco

US:
Ambassador C. Howard WILKINS, Jr.; Embassy at Lange Voorhout 102,
The Hague (mailing address PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 9,715); telephone 31 (70) 310-9,209; FAX 31 (70) 361-4,688; there is a US Consulate General in
Amsterdam


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of The%20Netherlands: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


The Netherlands - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: This highly developed and affluent economy is based on private enterprise. The government makes its presence felt, however, through many regulations, permit requirements, and welfare programs affecting most aspects of economic activity. The trade and financial services sector contributes over 50% of GDP. Industrial activity provides about 25% of GDP and is led by the food-processing, oil-refining, and metalworking industries. The highly mechanized agricultural sector employs only 5% of the labor force, but provides large surpluses for export and the domestic food-processing industry. An unemployment rate of 6.2% and a sizable budget deficit are currently the most serious economic problems.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $249.6 billion, per capita $16,600; real growth rate 2.2% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 4% of GDP; animal production predominates; crops - grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; shortages of grain, fats, and oils

Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, fishing, construction, microelectronics

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 1.7% (1991 est.); accounts for 25% of
GDP


Labor force: 5,300,000; services 50.1%, manufacturing and construction 28.2%, government 15.9%, agriculture 5.8% (1986)
Organized labor: 29% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.2% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $98.7 billion; expenditures $110.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $131.5 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: agricultural products, processed foods and tobacco, natural gas, chemicals, metal products, textiles, clothing
Partners:
EC 74.9% (FRG 28.3%, Belgium-Luxembourg 14.2%, France 10.7%,
UK 10.2%), US 4.7% (1988)


Imports: $125.9 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: raw materials and semifinished products, consumer goods, transportation equipment, crude oil, food products
Partners: EC 63.8% (FRG 26.5%, Belgium-Luxembourg 23.1%, UK 8.1%), US 7.9% (1988)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Netherlands guilders, gulden, or florins (f.) per US$1 - 1.7753 (January 1992), 1.8697 (1991), 1.8209 (1990), 2.1207 (1989), 1.9766 (1988), 2.0257 (1987)


The Netherlands - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 22,216,000 kW capacity; 63,570 million kWh produced, 4,300 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


The Netherlands - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


The Netherlands - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $7.2 billion, 2.9% of
GDP (1991)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


The Netherlands - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
28 total, 28 usable; 19 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 11
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 6
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 418 km; petroleum products 965 km; natural gas 10,230 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 6,340 km, of which 35% is usable by craft of 1,000 metric ton capacity or larger

Merchant marine:
345 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,630,962
GRT/3,687,598 DWT; includes 3 short-sea passenger, 191 cargo, 30 refrigerated cargo, 24 container, 12 roll-on/roll-off, 2 livestock carrier, 10 multifunction large-load carrier, 22 oil tanker, 27 chemical tanker, 10 liquefied gas, 2 specialized tanker, 9 bulk, 3 combination bulk; note - many
Dutch-owned ships are also registered on the captive Netherlands Antilles register

Civil air: 98 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


The Netherlands - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: European producer of illicit amphetamines and other synethic drugs


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