Statistical information United Arab Emirates 1992United%20Arab%20Emirates

Map of United Arab Emirates | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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United Arab Emirates - Introduction 1992
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Background: The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971 six of these states - Abu Zaby 'Ajman Al Fujayrah Ash Shariqah Dubayy and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.


United Arab Emirates - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 83,600 km²
Land: 83,600 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries: 1,016 km total; Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 586 km, Qatar 20 km

Coastline: 1,448 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: defined by bilateral boundaries or equidistant line
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm (assumed), 12 nm for Ash Shariqah (Sharjah)
Disputes:
boundary with Qatar is unresolved; no defined boundary with
Saudi Arabia; no defined boundary with most of Oman, but Administrative Line in far north; claims two islands in the Persian Gulf occupied by Iran (Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg or Greater Tunb, and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek or
Lesser Tunb); claims island in the Persian Gulf jointly administered with
Iran (Jazireh-ye Abu Musa or Abu Musa,)


Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains

Terrain: flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert waste- land; mountains in east

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil and natural gas
Land use

Land use: arable land: NEGL%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 2%; forest and woodland NEGL%; other 98%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


United Arab Emirates - People 1992
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Population: 2,522,315 (July 1992), growth rate 5.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Emirian(s), adjective - Emirian

Ethnic groups: Emirian 19%, other Arab 23%, South Asian (fluctuating) 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8%; less than 20% of the population are UAE citizens (1982)

Languages: Arabic (official; Persian and English widely spoken in major cities; Hindi, Urdu

Religions: Muslim 96% (Shi`a 16%; Christian, Hindu, and other 4%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 29 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 3 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 27 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: frequent dust and sand storms; lack of natural freshwater resources being overcome by desalination plants; desertification
Current issues note: strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 23 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 74 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.7 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 68% (male 70%, female 63%) age 10 and over but definition of literacy not available (1980)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


United Arab Emirates - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form:
United Arab Emirates (no short-form name); abbreviated
UAE


Government type: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE central government and other powers reserved to member emirates

Capital: Abu Dhabi

Administrative divisions:
7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu
Zaby (Abu Dhabi), `Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, Ra's al
Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn


Dependent areas

Independence: 2 December 1971 (from UK; formerly Trucial States)

National holiday: National Day, 2 December (1971)

Constitution: 2 December 1971 (provisional)

Legal system: secular codes are being introduced by the UAE Government and in several member shaykhdoms; Islamic law remains influential

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch: president, vice president, Supreme Council of Rulers, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Council of Ministers

Legislative branch:
unicameral Federal National Council (Majlis Watani
Itihad)


Judicial branch: Union Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC,
IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Muhammad bin Husayn Al SHAALI;
Chancery at Suite 740, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,037; telephone (202) 338-6,500

US:
Ambassador Edward S. WALKER, Jr.; Embassy at Al-Sudan Street, Abu
Dhabi (mailing address is P. O. Box 4,009, Abu Dhabi); telephone 971 (2) 336,691, afterhours 338,730; FAX 971 (2) 318,441; there is a US Consulate
General in Dubayy (Dubai)


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of United%20Arab%20Emirates: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a thicker vertical red band on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


United Arab Emirates - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The UAE has an open economy with one of the world's highest incomes per capita outside the OECD nations. This wealth is based on oil and gas, and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since 1973, when petroleum prices shot up, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. At present levels of production, crude oil reserves should last for over 100 years.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $33.7 billion, per capita $14,100 (1990); real growth rate 11% (1989)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 2% of GDP and 5% of labor force; cash crop - dates; food products - vegetables, watermelons, poultry, eggs, dairy, fish; only 25% self-sufficient in food

Industries: petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, pearling

Industrial production growth rate: NA

Labor force: 580,000 (1986 est.); industry and commerce 85%, agriculture 5%, services 5%, government 5%; 80% of labor force is foreign
Organized labor: trade unions are illegal
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NEGL (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $3.8 billion; expenditures $3.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $21.3 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: crude oil 65%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Partners: Japan 35%, Singapore 6%, US 4%, Korea 3%

Imports: $11.0 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: food, consumer and capital goods
Partners: Japan 14%, UK 10%, US 9%, Germany 9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Emirian dirhams (Dh) per US$1 - 3.6710 (fixed rate)


United Arab Emirates - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 5,800,000 kW capacity; 17,000 million kWh produced, 7,115 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


United Arab Emirates - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


United Arab Emirates - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $1.47 billion, 5.3% of
GDP (1989 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


United Arab Emirates - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
37 total, 34 usable; 20 with permanent-surface runways; 7 with runways over 3,659 m; 5
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 5
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 830 km, natural gas, including natural gas liquids, 870 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
55 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,033,866
GRT/1,772,646 DWT; includes 18 cargo, 8 container, 3 roll-on/roll-off, 20 petroleum tanker, 4 bulk, 1 refrigerated cargo, 1 vehicle carrier

Civil air: 10 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


United Arab Emirates - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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