Statistical information Uzbekistan 1992Uzbekistan

Map of Uzbekistan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Uzbekistan in the World
Uzbekistan in the World

Uzbekistan - Introduction 1992
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Background: Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic set up in 1925. During the Soviet era intensive production of 'white gold' (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991 the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militant groups from Tajikistan and Afghanistan a non-convertible currency and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.

Uzbekistan - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 447,400 km²
Land: 425,400 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than California

Land boundaries: 6,221 km total; Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km

Coastline: 0 km

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: mostly mid latitude desert; semiarid grassland in east

mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; Fergana valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral
Sea in west


Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other; includes NA% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Uzbekistan - People 1992
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Population: 21,626,784 (July 1992), growth rate 2.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Uzbek(s; adjective - Uzbek

Ethnic groups: Uzbek 71%, Russian 8%, Tajik 5%, other 16%; note - includes 70% of Crimean Tatars since their World War II deportation

Languages: Uzbek 85%, Russian 5%, other 10%

Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunnis) 75-80%, other (includes Farsi) 20-25%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 34 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -2 migrants/1000 population (1992; note - 179,000 persons left Uzbekistan in 1990

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: drying up of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts
Current issues note: landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 65 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 64 years male, 70 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.2 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Uzbekistan - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistan

Government type: republic

Capital: Tashkent (Toshkent)

Administrative divisions:
11 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast') and 1 autonomous republic* (avtomnaya respublika); Andizhan, Bukhara, Dzhizak,
Fergana, Karakalpakstan* (Nukus), Kashkadar'ya (Karshi), Khorezm (Urgench),
Namangan, Samarkand, Surkhandar'ya (Termez), Syrdar'ya (Gulistan), Tashkent; note - an administrative division has the same name as its administrative center (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

Dependent areas

31 August 1991 from the Soviet Union; note - formerly
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic in the Soviet Union

National holiday: NA

Constitution: NA

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
President: last held 29 December 1991 (next to be held NA December 1996); results - Islam KARIMOV 86%, Mukhammad SOLIKH 12%, other 2%
Supreme Soviet: last held NA March 1990 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (500 total) Communist 450, ERK 10, other 40
Communists: NA

Executive branch: president

Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme Soviet

Judicial branch: NA

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CIS, CSCE, IMF, NACC, UN UNCTAD
Diplomatic representation: NA
Charge d'Affaires Michael MOZUR; Embassy at Hotel Uzbekistan, ;55
Chelendarskaya, Tashkent (mailing address is APO AE 9,862); telephone 8 (011) 7-3,712-33-15-74

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Uzbekistan: three equal horizontal bands - blue (top), white, and green with a crescent moon and 12 stars in the upper hoist-side quadrant

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Uzbekistan - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Although Uzbekistan accounted for only 3.4% of total Soviet output, it produced two-thirds of the USSR's cotton. Moscow's push for ever-increasing amounts of cotton included massive irrigation projects which caused extensive environmental damage to the Aral Sea and rivers of the republic. Furthermore, the lavish use of chemical fertilizers has caused extensive pollution and widespread health problems. Recently the republic has sought to encourage food production at the expense of cotton. The small industrial sector specializes in such items as agricultural machinery, mineral fertilizers, vegetable oil, and electrical cranes. Uzbekistan also has some important natural resources including gold (about 30% of Soviet production), uranium, and natural gas. The Uzbek government has encouraged land reform but has shied away from other aspects of economic reform.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate -0.9% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cotton, with much smaller production of grain, fruits, vegetables, and livestock

Industries: chemical and mineral fertilizers, vegetable oil, textiles

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 1.8% (1991)

Labor force: 7,941,000; agriculture and forestry 39%, industry and construction 24%, other 37% (1990)
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.5 billion (1990)
Commodoties: cotton, gold, textiles, chemical and mineral fertilizers, vegetable oil
Partners: Russia, Ukraine, Eastern Europe

Imports: $3.5 billion (1990)
Commodoties: machinery and parts, consumer durables, grain, other foods
Partners: principally other former Soviet republics

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: NA

Uzbekistan - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 11,400,000 kW capacity; 54,100 million kWh produced, 2,662 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Uzbekistan - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Uzbekistan - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Uzbekistan - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: NA

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: NA



Waterways: NA km

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Uzbekistan - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producers of cannabis and opium; mostly for domestic consumption; status of government eradication programs unknown; used as transshipment points for illicit drugs to Western Europe


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