Statistical information Vanuatu 1992Vanuatu

Map of Vanuatu | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Vanuatu in the World
Vanuatu in the World

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Vanuatu - Introduction 1992
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Background: The British and French who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium which administered the islands until independence in 1980.

Vanuatu - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 14,760 km²
Land: 14,760 km²; includes more than 80 islands
Comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 2,528 km

Maritime claims: (measured from claimed archipelagic baselines)
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains


Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 1%; permanent crops: 5%; meadows and pastures 2%; forest and woodland 1%; other 91%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Vanuatu - People 1992
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Population: 174,574 (July 1992), growth rate 3.0% (1992)

noun - Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural); adjective -

Ethnic groups:
indigenous Melanesian 94%, French 4%, remainder
Vietnamese, Chinese, and various Pacific Islanders

English and French (official); pidgin (known as Bislama or

Religions: Presbyterian 36.7%, Anglican 15%, Catholic 15%, indigenous beliefs 7.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, Church of Christ 3.8%, other 15.7%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 35 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues:
subject to tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to
April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes

Current issues note: located 5,750 km southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific Ocean about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and Australia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 30 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 67 years male, 72 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 5.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 53% (male 57%, female 48%) age 15 and over can read and write (1979)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Vanuatu - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu

Government type: republic

Capital: Port-Vila

Administrative divisions:
11 island councils; Ambrym, Aoba/Maewo,
Banks/Torres, Efate, Epi, Malakula, Paama, Pentecote, Santo/Malo, Shepherd,

Dependent areas

Independence: 30 July 1980 (from France and UK; formerly New Hebrides)

National holiday: Independence Day, 30 July (1980)

Constitution: 30 July 1980

Legal system:
unified system being created from former dual French and
British systems

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
last held 2 December 1991 (next to be held by November 1995); note - after election, a coalition was formed by the Union of
Moderate Parties and the National United Party to form new government on 16
December 1991; seats - (46 total) UMP 19; NUP 10; VP 10; MPP 4; TUP 1;
Nagriamel 1; Friend 1

Executive branch:
president, prime minister, deputy prime minister,
Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament; note - the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of custom and land

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation: Vanuatu does not have a mission in Washington
US: the ambassador in Papua New Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Vanuatu: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green (bottom) with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle; centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Vanuatu - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The economy is based primarily on subsistence farming which provides a living for about 80% of the population. Fishing and tourism are the other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $142 million, per capita $900 (1988 est.); real growth rate 6% (1990)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 40% of GDP; export crops - copra, cocoa, coffee, and fish; subsistence crops - copra, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, and vegetables

Industries: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%; accounts for about 10% of GDP

Labor force: NA
Organized labor:
7 registered trade unions - largest include Oil and Gas
Workers' Union, Vanuatu Airline Workers' Union

Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $90.0 million; expenditures $103.0 million, including capital expenditures of $45.0 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $15.6 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: copra 59%, cocoa 11%, meat 9%, fish 8%, timber 4%
Partners: Netherlands, Japan, France, New Caledonia, Belgium

Imports: $60.4 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: machines and vehicles 25%, food and beverages 23%, basic manufactures 18%, raw materials and fuels 11%, chemicals 6%
Partners: Australia 36%, Japan 13%, NZ 10%, France 8%, Fiji 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: vatu (VT) per US$1 - 112.55 (March 1992), 111.68 (1991), 116.57 (1990), 116.04 (1989), 104.43 (1988), 109.85 (1987)

Vanuatu - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17,000 kW capacity; 30 million kWh produced, 180 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Vanuatu - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Vanuatu - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Vanuatu - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

33 total, 31 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
121 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,093,443
GRT/3,168,822 DWT; includes 26 cargo, 14 refrigerated cargo, 5 container, 11 vehicle carrier, 1 livestock carrier, 5 petroleum tanker, 2 chemical tanker, 3 liquefied gas, 51 bulk, 1 combination bulk, 1 passenger, 1 short-sea passenger; note - a flag of convenience registry

Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Vanuatu - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Sightseeing Pass

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