Anguilla 1993Anguilla

 Anguilla | | | | | |
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Austrian Airlines

Anguilla - Introduction 1993
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Background: Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650 Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971 two years after a revolt Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

Anguilla - Geography 1993
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Location: in the eastern Caribbean Sea, about 270 km east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 91 km²
Land: 91 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 61 km
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone


Natural resources: negligible; salt, fish, lobster
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Meadows and pastures: NA%
Forest and woodland: NA%
Other: NA% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Anguilla - People 1993
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Population: 7,006 (July 1993 est.)

Noun: Anguillan(s)
Adjective: Anguillan

Ethnic groups: black African

Languages: English (official)

Religions: Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7%, Baptist 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 24.26 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 8.28 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -9.56 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: frequent hurricanes, other tropical storms (July to October)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.7 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 73.89 years
Male: 71.1 years
Female: 76.7 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.09 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 12 and over can read and write (1984)
Total population: 95%
Male: 95%
Female: 95%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Anguilla - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Anguilla

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: The Valley

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas


National holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May

Constitution: 1 April 1982

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: British monarch, governor, chief minister, Executive Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM (observer), CDB

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Anguilla: two horizontal bands of white (top, almost triple width) and light blue with three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design centered in the white band; a new flag may have been in use since 30 May 1990

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Anguilla - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on lobster fishing, offshore banking, tourism, and remittances from emigrants. In recent years the economy has benefited from a boom in tourism. Development plans center around the improvement of the infrastructure, particularly transport and tourist facilities, and also light industry.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6.5% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: pigeon peas, corn, sweet potatoes, sheep, goats, pigs, cattle, poultry, fishing (including lobster)

Industries: tourism, boat building, salt

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 2,780 (1984)
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $13.8 million; expenditures $15.2 million, including capital expenditures of $2.4 million (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.4 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodoties: lobster and salt
Partners: NA

Imports: $10.3 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodoties: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)

Anguilla - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2,000 kW capacity; 6 million kWh produced, 862 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Anguilla - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Anguilla - Military 1993
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Anguilla - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 1 (1,000 m at Wallblake Airport)
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Anguilla - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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