Antigua and Barbuda 1993Antigua%20and%20Barbuda

 Antigua and Barbuda | | | | | |
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Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda 

Atlas VPN


Antigua and Barbuda - Introduction 1993
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Background: The islands of Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.


Antigua and Barbuda - Geography 1993
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Location:
in the eastern Caribbean Sea, about 420 km east-southeast of
Puerto Rico


Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 440 km²
Land: 440 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 153 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate

Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands with some higher volcanic areas

Elevation

Natural resources: negligible; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 18%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 7%
Forest and woodland: 16%
Other: 59%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Antigua and Barbuda - People 1993
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Population: 64,406 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.51% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)
Adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan

Ethnic groups: black African, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian

Languages: English (official), local dialects (1960)
Total population: 89%
Male: 90%
Female: 88%

Religions:
Anglican (predominant), other Protestant sects, some Roman
Catholic


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.51% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 17.51 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 5.5 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -6.96 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October; insufficient freshwater resources; deeply indented coastline provides many natural harbors

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 19.2 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.83 years
Male: 70.81 years
Female: 74.95 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.67 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Antigua and Barbuda - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Antigua and Barbuda

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Saint John's

Administrative divisions:
6 parishes and 2 dependencies*; Barbuda*,
Redonda*, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint
Philip


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 November 1981 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 November (1981)

Constitution: 1 November 1981

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO,
ICFTU, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM (observer), OAS,
OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WCL, WHO, WMO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Patrick Albert LEWIS
In the us chancery: Suite 2H, 3,400 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 362-5,211 or 5,166, 5,122, 5,225
In the us consulate: Miami
From the us chief of mission:
the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, and, in his absence, the Embassy is headed by Charge d'Affaires
Bryant J. SALTER

From the us embassy: Queen Elizabeth Highway, Saint John's
From the us mailing address: FPO AA 34,054-0001
From the us telephone: (809) 462-3,505 or 3,506
From the us fax: (809) 462-3,516

Flag descriptionflag of Antigua%20and%20Barbuda: red with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white with a yellow rising sun in the black band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Antigua and Barbuda - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: The economy is primarily service oriented, with tourism the most important determinant of economic performance. During the period 1987-90, real GDP expanded at an annual average rate of about 6%. Tourism makes a direct contribution to GDP of about 13% and also affects growth in other sectors - particularly in construction, communications, and public utilities. Although Antigua and Barbuda is one of the few areas in the Caribbean experiencing a labor shortage in some sectors of the economy, it has been hurt in 1991-92 by a downturn in tourism caused by the Persian Gulf war and the US recession.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.4% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 4% of GDP; expanding output of cotton, fruits, vegetables, and livestock; other crops - bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 3% (1989 est.), accounts for 5% of GDP

Labor force: 30,000
By occupation commerceand services: 82%
By occupation agriculture: 11%
By occupation industry: 7% (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5% (1988 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $105 million; expenditures $161 million, including capital expenditures of $56 million (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $32 million (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: petroleum products 48%, manufactures 23%, food and live animals 4%, machinery and transport equipment 17%
Partners: OECS 26%, Barbados 15%, Guyana 4%, Trinidad and Tobago 2%, US 0.3%

Imports: $317.5 million (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil
Partners: US 27%, UK 16%, Canada 4%, OECS 3%, other 50%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Antigua and Barbuda - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 52,100 kW capacity; 95 million kWh produced, 1,482 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Antigua and Barbuda - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Antigua and Barbuda - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $1.4 million, 1% of GDP (FY90/91)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Antigua and Barbuda - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
149 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 529,202
GRT/778,506 DWT; includes 96 cargo, 3 refrigerated cargo, 21 container, 5 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 multifunction large-load carrier, 2 oil tanker, 19 chemical tanker, 2 bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry

Total: 3
Usable: 3
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Ports and terminals


Antigua and Barbuda - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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