Bermuda 1993Bermuda

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Bermuda - Introduction 1993
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Background: Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Tourism to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Bermuda has developed into highly successful offshore financial center.

Bermuda - Geography 1993
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in the western North Atlantic Ocean, 1,050 km east of North

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceNorth America

Total: 50 km²
Land: 50 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 103 km
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter

Terrain: low hills separated by fertile depressions


Natural resources: limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 20%
Other: 80%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Bermuda - People 1993
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Population: 60,686 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.78% (1993 est.)

Noun: Bermudian(s)
Adjective: Bermudian

Ethnic groups: black 61%, white and other 39%

Languages: English

Religions: Anglican 37%, Roman Catholic 14%, African Methodist Episcopal (Zion) 10%, Methodist 6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, other 28%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.78% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 15.21 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 7.3 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.13 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; consists of about 360 small coral islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 13.16 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.03 years
Male: 73.36 years
Female: 76.97 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.82 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1970)
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Bermuda - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Bermuda

Government type

Capital: Hamilton

Administrative divisions:
9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire,
Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint Georges, Sandys,
Smiths, Southampton, Warwick

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Bermuda Day, 22 May

Constitution: 8 June 1968

Legal system: English law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch: British monarch, governor, deputy governor, premier, deputy premier, Executive Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM (observer), CCC, ICFTU, INTERPOL (subbureau), IOC

Diplomatic representation
In the us:
as a dependent territory of the UK,
Bermuda's interests in the US are represented by the UK

From the us chief of mission: Consul General L. Ebersole GAINES
From the us consulate general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire, Hamilton
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; PSC 1002, FPO AE 9,727-1002
From the us fax: (809) 295-1592

Flag descriptionflag of Bermuda: red with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (white and blue shield with a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Bermuda - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Bermuda enjoys one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, having successfully exploited its location by providing luxury tourist facilities and financial services. The tourist industry attracts more than 90% of its business from North America. The industrial sector is small, and agriculture is severely limited by a lack of suitable land. About 80% of food needs are imported.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -1.5% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for less than 1% of GDP; most basic foods must be imported; produces bananas, vegetables, citrus fruits, flowers, dairy products

Industries: tourism, finance, structural concrete products, paints, pharmaceuticals, ship repairing

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 32,000
By occupation clerical: 25%
By occupation services: 22%
By occupation laborers: 21%
By occupation professionalandtechnical: 13%
By occupation administrativeandmanagerial: 10%
By occupation sales: 7%
By occupation agriculture and fishing: 2% (1984)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $327.5 million; expenditures $308.9 million, including capital expenditures of $35.4 million (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $50 million (f.o.b., FY89)
Commodoties: semitropical produce, light manufactures, re-exports of pharmaceuticals
Partners: US 55%, UK 32%, Canada 11%, other 2%

Imports: 527.2 million (f.o.b., FY89)
Commodoties: fuel, foodstuffs, machinery
Partners: US 60%, UK 8%, Venezuela 7%, Canada 5%, Japan 5%, other 15%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bermudian dollar (Bd$) per US$1 - 1.0000 (fixed rate)

Bermuda - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 154,000 kW capacity; 504 million kWh produced, 8,370 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Bermuda - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Bermuda - Military 1993
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Bermuda - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
72 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,451.099
GRT/5,937,636 DWT; includes 5 cargo, 5 refrigerated cargo, 5 container, 7 roll-on/roll-off, 21 oil tanker, 13 liquefied gas, 16 bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals

Bermuda - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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