Côte d'Ivoire 1993Côte%20d'Ivoire

 Côte d'Ivoire | | | | | |
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Côte d'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire 

Numa


Côte d'Ivoire - Introduction 1993
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Background: Close ties to France since independence in 1960 diversification of agriculture for export and encouragement of foreign investment have made Cote d'Ivoire the most prosperous of the tropical African states. About 20% of the population are workers from neighboring countries.


Côte d'Ivoire - Geography 1993
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Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Ghana and Liberia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 322,460 km²
Land: 318,000 km²

Land boundaries: total 3,110 km, Burkina 584 km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km

Coastline: 515 km
Continental shelf: 200 m depth
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate:
tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to
October)


Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 4%
Meadows and pastures: 9%
Forest and woodland: 26%
Other: 52%

Irrigated land: 620 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Côte d'Ivoire - People 1993
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Population: 13,808,447 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 3.5% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Ivorian(s)
Adjective: Ivorian

Ethnic groups: Baoule 23%, Bete 18%, Senoufou 15%, Malinke 11%, Agni, foreign Africans (mostly Burkinabe about 2 million), non-Africans 130,000 to 330,000 (French 30,000 and Lebanese 100,000 to 300,000)

Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religions: indigenous 63%, Muslim 25%, Christian 12%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.5% (1993 est.)

Birth rate

Death rate: 15.07 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 3.15 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; severe deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 97 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 48.97 years
Male: 46.98 years
Female: 51.03 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.73 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 54%
Male: 67%
Female: 40%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Côte d'Ivoire - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
Conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
Local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
Local short form: Cote d'Ivoire

Government type: republic multiparty presidential regime established 1960

Capital: Yamoussoukro

Administrative divisions:
49 departments (departements, singular - (departement); Abengourou, Abidjan, Aboisso, Adzope, Agboville, Bangolo,
Beoumi, Biankouma, Bondoukou, Bongouanou, Bouafle, Bouake, Bouna, Boundiali,
Dabakala, Daloa, Danane, Daoukro, Dimbokro, Divo, Duekoue, Ferkessedougou,
Gagnoa, Grand-Lahou, Guiglo, Issia, Katiola, Korhogo, Lakota, Man, Mankono,
Mbahiakro, Odienne, Oume, Sakassou, San-Pedro, Sassandra, Seguela, Sinfra,
Soubre, Tabou, Tanda, Tingrela, Tiassale, Touba, Toumodi, Vavoua,
Yamoussoukro, Zuenoula


Dependent areas

Independence: 7 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: National Day, 7 December

Constitution: 3 November 1960

Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ,
G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
UPU, WADB, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Charles GOMIS
In the us chancery: 2,424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 797-0300
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Hume A. HORAN
From the us embassy: 5 Rue Jesse Owens, Abidjan
From the us mailing address: 01 B. P. 1712, Abidjan
From the us telephone: 225 21-09-79 or 21-46-72
From the us fax: 225 22-32-59

Flag descriptionflag of Côte%20d'Ivoire: three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green; similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design was based on the flag of France

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Côte d'Ivoire - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Cote d'Ivoire is among the world's largest producers and exporters of coffee, cocoa beans, and palm-kernel oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for coffee and cocoa and to weather conditions. Despite attempts by the government to diversify, the economy is still largely dependent on agriculture and related industries. The agricultural sector accounts for over one-third of GDP and about 80% of export earnings and employs about 85% of the labor force. A collapse of world cocoa and coffee prices in 1986 threw the economy into a recession, from which the country had not recovered by 1990. Continuing low prices for commodity exports, an overvalued exchange rate, a bloated public-sector wage bill, and a large foreign debt hindered economic recovery in 1991. The government, which has sponsored various economic reform programs, especially in agriculture, projected an increase of 1.6% in GNP in 1992.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -0.6% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: most important sector, contributing one-third to GDP and 80% to exports; cash crops include coffee, cocoa beans, timber, bananas, palm kernels, rubber; food crops - corn, rice, manioc, sweet potatoes; not self-sufficient in bread grain and dairy products

Industries: foodstuffs, wood processing, oil refinery, automobile assembly, textiles, fertilizer, beverage

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 6% (1990; accounts for 11% of GDP

Labor force: 5.718 million
By occupation agriculture: over 85% of population engaged in agriculture
By occupation forestry livestock raising:
about 11% of labor force are wage earners
early half in agriculture and the remainder in government

By occupation industry commerce and professions: NA
Note: 54% of population of working age (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 14% (1985)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.8 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: cocoa 30%, coffee 20%, tropical woods 11%, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, cotton
Partners: France, FRG, Netherlands, US, Belgium, Spain (1985)

Imports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: food, capital goods, consumer goods, fuel
Partners: France 29%, other EC 29%, Nigeria 16%, US 4%, Japan 3% (1989)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 274.06 (January 1993), 264.69 (1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988)


Côte d'Ivoire - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1,210,000 kW capacity; 1,970 million kWh produced, 150 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Côte d'Ivoire - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Côte d'Ivoire - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $200 million, 2.3% of GDP (1988)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Côte d'Ivoire - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 42
Usable: 37
With permanentsurface runways: 7
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 3
With runways 1220-2439 m: 15

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 980 km navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons

Merchant marine: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 71,945 GRT/ 90,684

Ports and terminals


Côte d'Ivoire - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis; mostly for local consumption; some international drug trade; transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin to Europe


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