Djibouti 1993Djibouti

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Djibouti
Djibouti 

Iberia


Djibouti - Introduction 1993
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Background: The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977.


Djibouti - Geography 1993
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Location: Eastern Africa, at the entrance to the Red Sea between Ethiopia and Somalia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 22,000 km²
Land: 21,980 km²

Land boundaries: total 508 km, Erithea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

Coastline: 314 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm ethnic Somalis

Maritime claims

Climate: desert; torrid, dry

Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: geothermal areas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 9%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 91%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Djibouti - People 1993
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Population: 401,579 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 2.7% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Djiboutian(s)
Adjective: Djiboutian

Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian and Italian 5%

Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.7% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 43.05 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 16.06 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: vast wasteland
Current issues note:
strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to
Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 113.2 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 48.78 years
Male: 47.01 years
Female: 50.59 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.27 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 48%
Male: 63%
Female: 34%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Djibouti - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
Conventional short form: Djibouti
Former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas French Somaliland

Government type: republic

Capital: Djibouti

Administrative divisions:
5 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); `Ali
Sabih, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura


Dependent areas

Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France)

National holiday
Independence Day 27 June 1977 ruling party:
People's Progress Assembly (RPP), Hassan GOULED Aptidon other parties: Democratic Renewal Party (PRD), Mohamed Jama ELABE;
Democratic National Party (PND), ADEN Robleh Awaleh


Constitution: multiparty constitution approved in referendum September 1992

Legal system:
based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and
Islamic law


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch: president, prime minister, Council of Ministers

Legislative branch: unicameral Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Deputes)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA,
IDB, IFAD, IFC, IGADD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU,
OIC, UN, UNESCO, UNCTAD, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Roble OLHAYE
In the us chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,005
In the us telephone: (202) 331-0270
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Charles R. BAQUET III
From the us embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
From the us mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
From the us telephone: 253 35-39-95
From the us fax: 253 35-39-40

Flag descriptionflag of Djibouti: two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Djibouti - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of over 30% continues to be a major problem. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last five years because of recession and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees).

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for only 3% of GDP; scanty rainfall limits crop production to mostly fruit and vegetables; half of population pastoral nomads herding goats, sheep, and camels; imports bulk of food needs

Industries: limited to a few small-scale enterprises, such as dairy products and mineral-water bottling

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 10.0% (1990; manufacturing accounts for 11% of GDP

Labor force: NA
Note:
a small number of semi-skilled laborers at the port and 3,000 railway workers
52% of population of working age (1983)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: over 30% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $170 million; expenditures $203 million, including capital expenditures of $70 million (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $186 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
Partners: Africa 50%, Middle East 40%, Western Europe 9%

Imports: $360 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
Partners: Western Europe 54%, Middle East 20%, Asia 19%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Djiboutian francs (DF) per US$1 - 177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)


Djibouti - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 115,000 kW capacity; 200 million kWh produced, 580 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Djibouti - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Djibouti - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $26 million, NA% of GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Djibouti - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 13
Usable: 11
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 5

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Djibouti - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sesame


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