Kiribati 1993Kiribati

 Kiribati | | | | | |
| | | :  |

Kiribati
Kiribati 

Numa


Kiribati - Introduction 1993
top of page


Background: The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.


Kiribati - Geography 1993
top of page


Location: Oceania, straddling the equator in the Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 717 km²
Land: 717 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,143 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds

Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs

Elevation

Natural resources: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 51%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 3%
Other: 46%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Kiribati - People 1993
top of page


Population: 76,320 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 2.03% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural)
Adjective: I-Kiribati

Ethnic groups: Micronesian

Languages: English (official), Gilbertese
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

Religions:
Roman Catholic 52.6%, Protestant (Congregational) 40.9%,
Seventh-Day Adventist, Baha'i, Church of God, Mormon 6% (1985)


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.03% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 32.03 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 12.31 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; 20 of the 33 islands are inhabited
Current issues note:
Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French
Polynesia and Nauru


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 98.4 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 54.16 years
Male: 52.56 years
Female: 55.78 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.82 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Kiribati - Government 1993
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
Conventional short form: Kiribati
Former: Gilbert Islands

Government type: republic

Capital: Tarawa

Administrative divisions:
3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix
Islands


Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1979)

Constitution: 12 July 1979

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president (Beretitenti), vice president (Kauoman-ni-Beretitenti), Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly (Maneaba Ni Maungatabu)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFC, IMF,
INTERPOL, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, UPU, WHO


Diplomatic representation
In the us: chief of mission: (vacant)
From the us:
the ambassador to Fiji is accredited to
Kiribati


Flag descriptionflag of Kiribati: the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Kiribati - Economy 1993
top of page


Economy overview: The country has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Real GDP declined about 8% in 1987, as the fish catch fell sharply to only one-fourth the level of 1986 and copra increase in copra production and a good fish catch. Following the strong surge in output in 1988, GNP increased 1% in both 1989 and 1990.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1% (1990 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 15% of GDP (including fishing; copra and fish contribute about 95% to exports; subsistence farming predominates; food crops - taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: fishing, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 0% (1988 est.), accounts for less than 4% of GDP

Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $29.9 million; expenditures $16.3 million, including capital expenditures of $14.0 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $5.8 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: copra 18%, fish 17%, seaweed 13%
Partners: EC 50%, Fiji 22%, US 18% (1990)

Imports: $26.7 million (c.i.f., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Partners: Australia 33%, Japan 24%, Fiji 19%, NZ 6%, US 6% (1990)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.4837 (January 1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989), 1.2752 (1988)


Kiribati - Energy 1993
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 5,000 kW capacity; 13 million kWh produced, 190 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Kiribati - Communication 1993
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Kiribati - Military 1993
top of page


Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Kiribati - Transportation 1993
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 21
Usable: 20
With permanentsurface runways: 4
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 5

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: small network of canals, totaling 5 km, in Line Islands

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Kiribati - Transnational issues 1993
top of page


Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Crystal Travel


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it