Malta 1993Malta

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Malta
Malta 

Volotea Air


Malta - Introduction 1993
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Background: Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years the island has become a major freight transshipment point financial center and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.


Malta - Geography 1993
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Location: in the central Mediterranean Sea, 93 km south of Sicily (Italy), 290 km north of Libya

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceEurope, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 320 km²
Land: 320 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 140 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

Elevation

Natural resources: limestone, salt
Land use

Land use
Permanent crops: 3%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 59%

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Malta - People 1993
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Population: 363,791 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.84% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Maltese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Maltese

Ethnic groups: Arab, Sicilian, Norman, Spanish, Italian, English

Languages: Maltese (official), English (official)

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.84% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 13.9 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 7.52 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.98 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: numerous bays provide good harbors; fresh water very scarce; increasing reliance on desalination
Current issues note: the country comprises an archipelago, with only the 3 largest islands (Malta, Gozo, and Comino) being inhabited

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.2 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.52 years
Male: 74.32 years
Female: 78.9 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.97 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1985)
Total population: 84%
Male: 86%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Malta - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Malta
Conventional short form: Malta

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Valletta

Administrative divisions: none (administration directly from Valletta)

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 September 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 21 September

Constitution: 26 April 1974, effective 2 June 1974

Legal system: based on English common law and Roman civil law; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives

Judicial branch: Constitutional Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
C, CCC, CE, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO,
ICFTU, IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM,


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Albert BORG OLIVIER DE PUGET
In the us chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 462-3,611 or 3,612
In the us fax: (202) 387-5,470
In the us consulate: New York
From the us chief of mission: (vacant)
From the us embassy:
2nd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana,
Valletta

From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 535, Valletta
From the us telephone: 356 240,424, 240,425, 243,216, 243,217, 243,653, 223,654
From the us fax: same as telephone numbers

Flag descriptionflag of Malta: two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Malta - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Significant resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited freshwater supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. Consequently, the economy is highly dependent on foreign trade and services. Manufacturing and tourism are the largest contributors to the economy. Manufacturing accounts for about 27% of GDP, with the electronics and textile industries major contributors and the state-owned Malta drydocks employing about 4,300 people. In 1991, about 900,000 tourists visited the island. Per capita GDP at $7,600 places Malta in the middle-income range of the world's nations.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5.9% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 3% of GDP and 2.5% of the work force (1992; overall, 20% self-sufficient; main products - potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers, hogs, poultry, eggs; generally adequate supplies of vegetables, poultry, milk, pork products; seasonal or periodic shortages in grain, animal fodder, fruits, other basic foodstuffs

Industries: tourism, electronics, ship repair yard, construction, food manufacturing, textiles, footwear, clothing, beverages, tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 19.0% (1990; accounts for 27% of GDP

Labor force: 127,200
By occupation government(excludingjobcorps): 37%
By occupation services: 26%
By occupation manufacturing: 22%
By occupation trainingprograms: 9%
By occupation construction: 4%
By occupation agriculture: 2% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.6% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.1 billion; expenditures $1.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $161 million (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $l.2 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: clothing, textiles, footwear, ships
Partners: Italy 30%, Germany 22%, UK 11%

Imports
Commodoties: food, petroleum, machinery and semimanufactured goods
Partners: Italy 30%, UK 16%, Germany 13%, US 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Maltese liri (LM) per US$1 - 0.3687 (January 1993), 0.3178 (1992), 0.3226 (1991), 0.3172 (1990), 0.3483 (1989), 0.3306 (1988)


Malta - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 328,000 kW capacity; 1,110 million kWh produced, 3,000 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Malta - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Malta - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $21.9 million, 1.3% of
GDP (1989 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Malta - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
789 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,059,874
GRT/18,758,969 DWT; includes 6 passenger, 17 short-sea passenger, 272 cargo, 26 container, 2 passenger-cargo, 20 roll-on/roll-off, 2 vehicle carrier, 3 barge carrier, 17 refrigerated cargo, 19 chemical tanker, 15 combination ore/oil, 3 specialized tanker, 3 liquefied gas, 131 oil tanker, 223 bulk, 26 combination bulk, 3 multifunction large load carrier, 1 railcar carrier; note - a flag of convenience registry; China owns 2 ships, Russia owns 52 ships,
Cuba owns 10, Vietnam owns 6, Croatia owns 37, Romania owns 3


Ports and terminals


Malta - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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