Mayotte 1993Mayotte

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Mayotte - Introduction 1993
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Background: Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other Comoros in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.

Mayotte - Geography 1993
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Location: Southern Africa, in the northern Mozambique Channel about halfway between Madagascar and Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 375 km²
Land: 375 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 185.2 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May; dry season is cooler (May to November)

Terrain: generally undulating with ancient volcanic peaks, deep ravines


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Meadows and pastures: NA%
Forest and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Mayotte - People 1993
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Population: 89,983 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 3.8% (1993 est.)

Noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
Adjective: Mahoran

Ethnic groups: NA


Religions: Muslim 99%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
Total population: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.8% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 49.22 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 11.22 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to cyclones during rainy season
Current issues note: part of Comoro Archipelago

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 81.8 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 57.35 years
Male: 55.23 years
Female: 59.55 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.84 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Mayotte - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
Conventional short form: Mayotte

Government type: territorial collectivity of France

Capital: Mamoutzou

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France)

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: government commissioner

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council (Conseil General)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ

Diplomatic representation
In the us:
as a territorial collectivity of France,
Mahoran interests are represented in the US by France

Flag descriptionflag of Mayotte: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Mayotte - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: most important sector; provides all export earnings; crops - vanilla, ylang-ylang, coffee, copra; imports major share of food needs

Industries: newly created lobster and shrimp industry

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $37.3 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1985)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.0 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodoties: ylang-ylang, vanilla
Partners: France 79%, Comoros 10%, Reunion 9%

Imports: $21.8 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodoties: building materials, transportation equipment, rice, clothing, flour
Partners: France 57%, Kenya 16%, South Africa 11%, Pakistan 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

Mayotte - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kW capacity; NA million kWh produced, NA kWh per capita

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Mayotte - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Mayotte - Military 1993
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Mayotte - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1 with permanet-surface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Mayotte - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Undercover Tourist

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