Saint Kitts and Nevis 1993Saint%20Kitts%20and%20Nevis

 Saint Kitts and Nevis | | | | | |
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Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis 



Saint Kitts and Nevis - Introduction 1993
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Background: First settled by the British in 1623 the islands along with Anguilla became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. St. Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983.


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Geography 1993
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Location:
in the eastern Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way between
Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago


Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 269 km²
Land: 269 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Coastline

Maritime claims

Climate: subtropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors

Elevation

Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 22%
Permanent crops: 17%
Meadows and pastures: 3%
Forest and woodland: 17%
Other: 41%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Saint Kitts and Nevis - People 1993
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Population: 40,407 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.59% (1993 est.)

Nationality: noun: Kittsian(s), Nevisian(s)

Ethnic groups: black African

Languages: English

Religions: Anglican, other Protestant sects, Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.59% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 23.93 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 10.39 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -7.67 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes (July to October)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 20.5 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 65.72 years
Male: 62.78 years
Female: 68.85 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.64 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over having ever attended school (1970)
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Basseterre

Administrative divisions:
14 parishs; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint
Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint
James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon,
Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint
Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point


Dependent areas

Independence: 19 September 1983 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 19 September (1983)

Constitution: 19 September 1983

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD,
IMF, INTERPOL, OAS, OECS, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Minister-Counselor (Deputy Chief of Mission), Charge d'Affaires ad interim Aubrey Eric HART
In the us chancery: Suite 608, 2,100 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20,037
In the us telephone: (202) 833-3,550
From the us: no official presence since the Charge d'Affaires resides in Saint John's (Antigua and Barbuda)

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Kitts%20and%20Nevis: divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: The economy has historically depended on the growing and processing of sugarcane and on remittances from overseas workers. In recent years, tourism and export-oriented manufacturing have assumed larger roles.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6.8% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 7% of GDP; cash crop - sugarcane; subsistence crops - rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fishing potential not fully exploited; most food imported

Industries: sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 11.8% (1988 est.); accounts for 11% of
GDP


Labor force: 20,000 (1981)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 12.2% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $85.7 million; expenditures $85.8 million, including capital expenditures of $42.4 million (1993)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $24.6 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: sugar, clothing, electronics, postage stamps
Partners: US 53%, UK 22%, Trinidad and Tobago 5%, OECS 5% (1988)

Imports
Commodoties: foodstuffs, intermediate manufactures, machinery, fuels
Partners:
US 36%, UK 17%, Trinidad and Tobago 6%, Canada 3%, Japan 3%,
OECS 4% (1988)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 15,800 kW capacity; 45 million kWh produced, 1,120 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US




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