Statistical information Argentina 1993Argentina

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Argentina in the World
Argentina in the World

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Argentina - Introduction 1993
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Background: A part of the Spanish empire until independence in 1816, Argentina subsequently experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. Meantime, thanks to rich natural resources and foreign investment, a modern agriculture and a diversified industry were gradually developed. After World War II, a long period of Peronist dictatorship was followed by rule by a military junta. Democratic elections finally came in 1983, but both the political and economic atmosphere remain susceptible to turmoil.


Argentina - Geography 1993
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Location: Eastern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean between Chile and Uruguay

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceSouth America, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 2,766,890 km²
Land: 2,736,690 km²

Land boundaries: total 9,665 km, Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km

Coastline: 4,989 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: not specified
Territorial sea: 200 nm; overflight and navigation permitted beyond 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

Terrain: rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

Elevation

Natural resources
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 4%
Meadows and pastures: 52%
Forest and woodland: 22%
Other: 13%

Irrigated land: 17,600 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Argentina - People 1993
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Population: 33,533,256 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 1.13% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Argentine(s)
Adjective: Argentine

Ethnic groups: white 85%, mestizo, Indian, or other nonwhite groups 15%

Languages

Religions:
nominally Roman Catholic 90% (less than 20% practicing),
Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 6%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.13% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 19.75 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 8.64 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.22 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues:
Tucuman and Mendoza areas in Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike Pampas and northeast; irrigated soil degradation; desertification; air and water pollution in Buenos
Aires

Current issues note: second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 30 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.19 years
Male: 67.91 years
Female: 74.65 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.72 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 95%
Male: 96%
Female: 95%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Argentina - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Argentine Republic
Conventional short form: Argentina
Local long form: Republica Argentina
Local short form: Argentina

Government type: republic

Capital: Buenos Aires

Administrative divisions:
23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), and 1 federal district* (distrito federal); Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco,
Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Distrito Federal*, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La
Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San
Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego (Territorio
Nacional de la Tierra del Fuego, Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur), Tucuman
the national territory is in the process of becoming a province; the
US does not recognize claims to Antarctica


Dependent areas

Independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain)

National holiday: Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)

Constitution: 1 May 1853

Legal system: mixture of US and West European legal systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, vice president, Cabinet

Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) consists of an upper chamber or Senate (Senado) and a lower chamber or Chamber of Deputies (Camara de Diputados)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AG (observer), Australian Group, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-6, G-11,
G-15, G-19, G-24, AfDB, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA,
IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU,
LAES, LAIA, LORCS, MERCOSUR, MINURSO, OAS, PCA, RG, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNOMOZ, UNPROFOR, UNTAC, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WFTU,
WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Carlos ORTIZ DE ROZAS
In the us chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: (202) 939-6,400 through 6,403
In the us consulates general: Houston, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)
In the us consulates: Baltimore, Chicago, and Los Angeles
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador James CHEEK (since 28 May 1993)
From the us embassy: 4,300 Colombia, 1425 Buenos Aires
From the us mailing address: APO AA 34,034
From the us telephone: 54 (1) 774-7,611 or 8,811, 9,911

Flag descriptionflag of Argentina: three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Argentina - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Argentina is rich in natural resources and has a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Nevertheless, following decades of mismanagement and statist policies, the economy in the late 1980s was plagued with huge external debts and recurring bouts of hyperinflation. Elected in 1989, in the depths of recession, President MENEM has implemented a comprehensive economic restructuring program that shows signs of putting Argentina on a path of stable, sustainable growth. Argentina's currency has traded at par with the US dollar since April 1991, and inflation has fallen to its lowest level in 20 years. Argentines have responded to the relative price stability by repatriating flight capital and investing in domestic industry. Much remains to be done in the 1990s in dismantling the old statist barriers to growth and in solidifying the recent economic gains.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 8% of GDP (including fishing; produces abundant food for both domestic consumption and exports; among world's top five exporters of grain and beef; principal crops - wheat, corn, sorghum, soybeans,

Industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 10% (1992 est.), accounts for 26% of GDP

Labor force: 10.9 million
By occupation agriculture: 12%
By occupation industry: 31%
By occupation services: 57% (1985est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.9% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $33.1 billion; expenditures $35.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $3.5 billion (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $12.3 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: meat, wheat, corn, oilseed, hides, wool
Partners: US 12%, Brazil, Italy, Japan, Netherlands

Imports: $14.0 billion (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, fuels and lubricants, agricultural products
Partners: US 22%, Brazil, Germany, Bolivia, Japan, Italy, Netherlands

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: pesos per US$1 - 0.99000 (January1993), 0.99064 (1992), 0.95355 (1991), 0.48759 (1990), 0.04233 (1989), 0.00088 (1988)


Argentina - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17,911,000 kW capacity; 51,305 million kWh produced, 1,559 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Argentina - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Argentina - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Argentina - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1,700
Usable: 1,451 with permanet-surface runways: 137
With runways over 3659 m: 1
With runways 2440-3659 m: 31
With runways 1220-2439 m: 326

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 4,090 km; petroleum products 2,900 km; natural gas 9,918 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 11,000 km navigable

Merchant marine:
60 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,695,420
GRT/1,073,904 DWT; includes 30 cargo, 5 refrigerated cargo, 4 container, 1 railcar carrier, 14 oil tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 4 bulk, 1 roll-on/roll-off


Ports and terminals


Argentina - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international:
short section of the boundary with Uruguay is in dispute; short section of the boundary with Chile is indefinite; claims
British-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas); claims
British-administered South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; territorial claim in Antarctica


Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasing use as a transshipment country for cocaine headed for the US and Europe


Economy Bookings


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