Statistical information Costa Rica 1993Costa%20Rica

Map of Costa Rica | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Costa Rica in the World
Costa Rica in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Costa Rica - Introduction 1993
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Background: Costa Rica declared its independence from Spain in 1821. After a turbulent beginning it inaugurated an era of peaceful democracy in 1889, subsequently interrupted only twice, by a dictatorial interlude in 1917-19 and an armed uprising in 1948. Increasing the role of the private sector while maintaining the government's social safety net and keeping under control the budget deficit, unemployment, and inflation are key current issues.

Costa Rica - Geography 1993
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Location: Central America, between Nicaragua and Panama

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean, South America

Total: 51,100 km²
Land: 50,660 km²

Land boundaries: total 639 km, Nicaragua 309 km, Panama 330 km

Coastline: 1,290 km
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

tropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to

Terrain: coastal plains separated by rugged mountains


Natural resources
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 6%
Permanent crops: 7%
Meadows and pastures: 45%
Forest and woodland: 34%
Other: 8%

Irrigated land: 1,180 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Costa Rica - People 1993
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Population: 3,264,776 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 2.38% (1993 est.)

Noun: Costa Rican(s)
Adjective: Costa Rican

Ethnic groups:
white (including mestizo) 96%, black 2%, Indian 1%,
Chinese 1%

Languages: Spanish (official), English; spoken around Puerto Limon

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.38% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 26.07 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 3.57 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.26 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to occasional earthquakes, hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season; active volcanoes; deforestation; soil erosion

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11.6 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.49 years
Male: 75.56 years
Female: 79.52 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.11 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 93%
Female: 93%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Costa Rica - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Costa Rica
Conventional short form: Costa Rica
Local long form: Republica de Costa Rica
Local short form: Costa Rica

Government type: democratic republic

Capital: San Jose

Administrative divisions:
7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia);
Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limon, Puntarenas, San Jose

Dependent areas

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

Constitution: 9 November 1949

Legal system: based on Spanish civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch: president, two vice presidents, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AG (observer), BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA,
IOM, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), LORCS, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, UN,

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Gonzalo FACIO Segreda
In the us chancery: Suite 211, 1825 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: (202) 234-2,945 through 2,947
In the us consulates general:
Albuquerque, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans,
New York, San Diego, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)

In the us consulate: Buffalo
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Luis GUINOT, Jr.
From the us embassy: Pavas Road, San Jose
From the us mailing address: APO AA 34,020
From the us telephone: 506 20-39-39
From the us fax: (506) 20-2,305

Flag descriptionflag of Costa%20Rica: five horizontal bands of blue (top), white, red (double width), white, and blue, with the coat of arms in a white disk on the hoist side of the red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Costa Rica - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: In 1992 the economy grew at an estimated 5.4%, up from the 2.5% gain of 1991 and the gain of 1990. Increases in agricultural production (on the strength of good coffee and banana crops) and in nontraditional exports are responsible for much of the growth. In 1992 consumer prices rose by 17%, below the 27% of 1991. The trade deficit of $100 million was substantially below the 1991 deficit of $270 million. Unemployment is officially reported at 4.0%, but much underemployment remains. External debt, on a per capita basis,

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5.4% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 17% of GDP and 70% of exports; cash commodities - coffee, beef, bananas, sugar; other food crops include corn, rice, beans, potatoes; normally self-sufficient in food except for grain; depletion of forest resources resulting in lower timber output

Industries: food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 1.0% (1991; accounts for 19% of GDP

Labor force: 868,300
By occupation industry and commerce: 35.1%
By occupation governmentand services: 33%
By occupation agriculture: 27%
By occupation other: 4.9% (1985est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.1 billion; expenditures $1.34 billion, including capital expenditures of $110 million (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.7 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: coffee, bananas, textiles, sugar
Partners: US 75%, Germany, Guatemala, Netherlands, UK, Japan

Imports: $1.8 billion (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum
Partners: US 45%, Japan, Guatemala, Germany

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Costa Rican colones (C) per US$1 - 137.72 (January 1993), 134.51 (1992), 122.43 (1991), 91.58 (1990), 81.504 (1989), 75.805 (1988)

Costa Rica - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 927,000 kW capacity; 3,612 million kWh produced, 1,130 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Costa Rica - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Costa Rica - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $22 million, 0.5% of GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Costa Rica - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 162
Usable: 144
With permanentsurface runways: 28
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 8

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: petroleum products 176 km



Waterways: about 730 km, seasonally navigable

Merchant marine:
1 cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,878 GRT/4,506

Ports and terminals

Costa Rica - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit production of cannabis on small scattered plots; transshipment country for cocaine from South America

Austrian Airlines

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