Statistical information Cuba 1993Cuba

Map of Cuba | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cuba - Introduction 1993
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Background: Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959, and his guiding vision has defined Cuba's Communist revolution while his iron will has held the country together for more than four decades. CASTRO brought Cuba onto the world stage by inviting Soviet support in the 1960s, inciting revolutionary movements throughout Latin America and Africa in the 1970s, and sending his army to fight in Angola in the 1980s. At home, Havana provided Cubans with high levels of healthcare, education, and social security while suppressing the Roman Catholic Church and arresting political dissidents. The withdrawal of former-Soviet subsidies, worth $4billion-$6 billion per year, in 1990, cause severe economic hardship for Cuba.


Cuba - Geography 1993
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Location:
in the northern Caribbean Sea, 145 km south of Key West (Florida)
Time Zones of the World


Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 110,860 km²
Land: 110,860 km²

Land boundaries: total 29 km, US Naval Base at Guantanamo 29 km

Coastline: 3,735 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate:
tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to
April); rainy season (May to October)


Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

Elevation

Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 23%
Permanent crops: 6%
Meadows and pastures: 23%
Forest and woodland: 17%
Other: 31%

Irrigated land: 8,960 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Cuba - People 1993
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Population: 10,957,088 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 1% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Cuban(s)
Adjective: Cuban

Ethnic groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%

Languages: Spanish

Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 85% prior to Castro assuming power

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 17.08 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 6.5 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: averages one hurricane every other year
Current issues note: largest country in Caribbean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10.5 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.72 years
Male: 74.59 years
Female: 78.99 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.83 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 94%
Male: 95%
Female: 93%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Cuba - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cuba
Conventional short form: Cuba
Local long form: Republica de Cuba
Local short form: Cuba

Government type: Communist state

Capital: Havana

Administrative divisions:
14 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia)
Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus,
Santiago de Cuba, Villa Clara


Dependent areas

Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902)

National holiday: Rebellion Day, 26 July (1953)

Constitution: 24 February 1976

Legal system:
based on Spanish and American law, with large elements of
Communist legal theory; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president of the Council of State, first vice president of the Council of State, Council of State, president of the Council of Ministers, first vice president of the Council of Ministers, Executive Committee of the Council of Ministers, Council of Ministers

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly of the People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular)

Judicial branch: People's Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo Popular)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, ICAO, IFAD, ILO, IMO,
INMARSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), LORCS, NAM, OAS (excluded from formal participation since 1962), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Principal Officer Alan H. FLANIGAN
In the us chancery:
2,630 and 2,639 16th Street NW, US Interests Section, Swiss
Embassy, Washington, DC 20,009

In the us telephone: 32-0051, 32-0543
In the us US Interests Section:
USINT, Swiss Embassy, Calzada entre L Y M, Vedado
Seccion, Havana

In the us mailing address: USINT, Swiss Embassy, Calzada Entre L Y M, Vedado, Havava
In the us fax:
no service available at this time
protecting power in Cuba is Switzerland - US Interests Section, Swiss
Embassy


Flag descriptionflag of Cuba: five equal horizontal bands of blue (top and bottom) alternating with white; a red equilateral triangle based on the hoist side bears a white five-pointed star in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Cuba - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Since Castro's takeover of Cuba in 1959, the economy has been run in the Soviet style of government ownership of substantially all the means of production and government planning of all but the smallest details of economic activity. Thus, Cuba, like the former Warsaw Pact nations, has remained in the backwater of economic modernization. The economy contracted by about one-third between 1989 and 1992 as it absorbed the loss of $4 billion of annual economic aid from the former Soviet Union and much smaller amounts from Eastern Europe. The government implemented numerous energy conservation measures and import substitution schemes to cope with a large decline in imports. To reduce fuel consumption, Havana has cut back bus service and imported approximately 1 million bicycles from China, domesticated nearly 200,000 oxen to replace tractors, and halted a large amount of industrial production. The government has prioritized domestic food production and promoted herbal medicines since 1990 to compensate for lower imports. Havana also has been shifting its trade away from the former Soviet republics and Eastern Europe toward the industrialized countries of Latin America and the OECD.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -15% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 11% of GNP (including fishing and forestry; key commercial crops - sugarcane, tobacco, and citrus fruits; other products - coffee, rice, potatoes, meat, beans; world's largest sugar exporter; not self-sufficient in food (excluding sugar; sector hurt by growing shortages of fuels and parts

Industries: sugar milling and refining, petroleum refining, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, paper and wood products, metals (particularly nickel), cement, fertilizers, consumer goods, agricultural machinery

Industrial production growth rate: NA

Labor force: 4,620,800 economically active population (1988); 3,578,800 in state sector
By occupation services and government: 30%
By occupation industry: 22%
By occupation agriculture: 20%
By occupation commerce: 11%
By occupation construction: 10%
By occupation transportationandcommunications: 7% (June1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $12.46 billion; expenditures $14.45 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: sugar, nickel, shellfish, tobacco, medical products, citrus, coffee
Partners: Russia 30%, Canada 10%, China 9%, Japan 6%, Spain 4% (1992 est.)

Imports
Commodoties: petroleum, food, machinery, chemicals
Partners:
Russia 10%, China 9%, Spain 9%, Mexico 5%, Italy 5%, Canada 4%,
France 4% (1992 est.)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Cuban pesos (Cu$) per US$1 - 1.0000 (linked to the US dollar)


Cuba - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3,889,000 kW capacity; 16,248 million kWh produced, 1,500 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Cuba - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Cuba - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $1.2-1.4 billion; 10% of
GNP in 1990 plan was for defense and internal security

Percent of gdp note: the breakup of the Soviet Union, the key military supporter and supplier of Cuba, has resulted in substantially less outside help for Cuba's defense forces

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Cuba - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 186
Usable: 166
With runways over 3659 m: 3
With runways 2440-3659 m: 12
With runways 1220-2439 m: 19

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 240 km

Merchant marine:
73 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 511,522 GRT/720,270
DWT; includes 42 cargo, 10 refrigerated cargo, 1 cargo/training, 11 oil tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 4 liquefied gas, 4 bulk; note - Cuba beneficially owns an additional 38 ships (1,000 GRT and over) totaling 529,090 DWT under the registry of Panama, Cyprus, and Malta


Ports and terminals


Cuba - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: US Naval Base at Guantanamo is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sesame


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