Statistical information Guadeloupe 1993Guadeloupe

Map of Guadeloupe | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Guadeloupe in the World
Guadeloupe in the World

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Guadeloupe - Introduction 1993
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Background: Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint-Martin is divided with the Netherlands (whose southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles).

Guadeloupe - Geography 1993
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Location: in the Caribbean Sea, 500 km southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 1,780 km²
Land: 1,760 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 306 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds; relatively high humidity

Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains;
Grand-Terre is low limestone formation


Natural resources: cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 18%
Permanent crops: 5%
Meadows and pastures: 13%
Forest and woodland: 40%
Other: 24%

Irrigated land: 30 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Guadeloupe - People 1993
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Population: 422,114 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 1.67% (1993 est.)

Noun: Guadeloupian(s)
Adjective: Guadeloupe

Ethnic groups:
black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese,
Chinese less than 5%

Languages: French, creole patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.67% (1993 est.)

Birth rate

Death rate: 5.94 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 4.42 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes (June to October; La Soufriere is an active volcano

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9.2 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.72 years
Male: 73.67 years
Female: 79.9 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.08 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1982)
Total population: 90%
Male: 90%
Female: 91%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guadeloupe - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe
Conventional short form: Guadeloupe
Local long form: Departement de la Guadeloupe
Local short form: Guadeloupe

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Basse-Terre

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: government commissioner

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council and unicameral Regional Council

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel) with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WCL

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as an overseas department of France, the
From the us: none (overseas department of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Guadeloupe: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guadeloupe - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It is also dependent upon France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US. In addition, an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditionally important sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, which comes mainly from France. Light industry consists mostly of sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cash crops - bananas, sugarcane; other products include tropical fruits and vegetables; livestock - cattle, pigs, goats; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 120,000
By occupation services government and commerce: 53.0%
By occupation industry: 25.8%
By occupation agriculture: 21.2%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 31.3% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $333 million; expenditures $671 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $168 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodoties: bananas, sugar, rum
Partners: France 68%, Martinique 22% (1987)

Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodoties: vehicles, foodstuffs, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials, petroleum products
Partners: France 64%, Italy, FRG, US (1987)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.4812 (January 1993), 5.2938 (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988)

Guadeloupe - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 171,500 kW capacity; 441 million kWh produced, 1,080 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guadeloupe - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guadeloupe - Military 1993
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guadeloupe - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 9
Usable: 9
With permanentsurface runways: 8
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guadeloupe - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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