Statistical information Guinea-Bissau 1993Guinea-Bissau

Map of Guinea-Bissau | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guinea-Bissau in the World
Guinea-Bissau in the World


Guinea-Bissau - Introduction 1993
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Background: Guinea-Bissau became independent from Portugal in 1974. It has been ruled by the military ever since.

Guinea-Bissau - Geography 1993
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Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between
Guinea and Senegal

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total: 36,120 km²
Land: 28,000 km²

Land boundaries: total 724 km, Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km

Coastline: 350 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east


Natural resources: unexploited deposits of petroleum, bauxite, phosphates, fish, timber
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 11%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 43%
Forest and woodland: 38%
Other: 7%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Guinea-Bissau - People 1993
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Growth rate: 2.38% (1993 est.)

Noun: Guinea-Bissauan(s)
Adjective: Guinea-Bissauan

Ethnic groups:
African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%,
Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%

Languages: Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages

Religions: indigenous beliefs 65%, Muslim 30%, Christian 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.38% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 41.26 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 17.45 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 122.1 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 47.03 years
Male: 45.38 years
Female: 48.73 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.6 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 36%
Male: 50%
Female: 24%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guinea-Bissau - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Conventional short form: Guinea-Bissau
Local long form: Republica de Guine-Bissau
Local short form: Guine-Bissau

Government type:
republic highly centralized multiparty since mid-1991; the African
Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC) held an extraordinary party congress in December 1990 and established a two-year transition program during which the constitution will be revised, allowing for multiple political parties and a presidential election in 1993

Capital: Bissau

Administrative divisions:
9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao); Bafata,
Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali

Dependent areas

Independence: 10 September 1974 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 10 September (1974)

Constitution: 16 May 1984

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 15 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president of the Council of State, vice presidents of the Council of State, Council of State, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular)

Judicial branch: none; there is a Ministry of Justice in the Council of Ministers

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT (associate), ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD,

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Alfredo Lopes CABRAL
In the us chancery: 918 16th Street NW, Mezzanine Suite, Washington, DC 20,006
In the us telephone: (202) 872-4,222
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Roger A. MAGUIRE
From the us embassy: 17 Avenida Domingos Ramos, Bissau
From the us mailing address: 1067 Bissau Codex, Bissau
From the us telephone: 245 20-1139, 20-1145, 20-1113
From the us fax: 245 20-1159

Flag descriptionflag of Guinea-Bissau: two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Cape Verde, which has the black star raised above the center of the red band and is framed by two corn stalks and a yellow clam shell

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guinea-Bissau - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Guinea-Bissau ranks among the poorest countries in the world, with a per capita GDP of roughly $200. Agriculture and fishing are the main economic activities. Cashew nuts, peanuts, and palm kernels are the primary exports. Exploitation of known mineral deposits is unlikely at present because of a weak infrastructure and the high cost of development. The government's four-year plan (1988-91) targeted agricultural development as the top priority.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.3% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for over 50% of GDP, nearly 100% of exports, and 90% of employment; rice is the staple food; other crops include corn, beans, cassava, cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, and cotton; not self-sufficient in food; fishing and forestry potential not fully exploited

Industries: agricultural processing, beer, soft drinks

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 1.0% (1989 est.); accounts for 10% of
GDP (1989 est.)

Labor force: 403,000 (est.)
By occupation agriculture: 90%
By occupation industry services and commerce: 5%
By occupation government: 5%
Note: population of working age: 53% (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $33.6 million; expenditures $44.8 million, including capital expenditures of $.57 million (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $20.4 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: cashews, fish, peanuts, palm kernels
Partners: Portugal, Senegal, France, The Gambia, Netherlands, Spain

Imports: $63.5 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Partners: Portugal, Netherlands, Senegal, USSR, Germany

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Guinea-Bissauan pesos (PG) per US$1 - 1987.2 (1989), 1363.6 (1988), 851.65 (1987), 238.98 (1986)

Guinea-Bissau - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 22,000 kW capacity; 30 million kWh produced, 30 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guinea-Bissau - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guinea-Bissau - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $9.3 million, 5%-6% of
GDP (1987)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guinea-Bissau - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 33
Usable: 15
With permanentsurface runways: 4
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 5

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: scattered stretches are important to coastal commerce

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guinea-Bissau - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international:
the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on 12
November 1991 rendered its decision on the Guinea-Bissau/Senegal maritime boundary in favor of Senegal

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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