Statistical information Honduras 1993Honduras

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Honduras in the World
Honduras in the World

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Honduras - Introduction 1993
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Background: Part of Spain's vast empire in the New World Honduras became as independent nation in 1821. After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan government and an ally to Salvadoran government forces fighting against leftist guerrillas.


Honduras - Geography 1993
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Location: Central America, between Guatemala and Nicaragua

Geographic coordinates

Map reference:
Central America and the Caribbean, North America, Standard
Time Zones of the World


Area
Total: 112,090 km²
Land: 111,890 km²

Land boundaries:
total 1,520 km, Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km,
Nicaragua 922 km


Coastline: 820 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains antimony, coal, fish

Elevation

Natural resources
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 14%
Permanent crops: 2%
Meadows and pastures: 30%
Forest and woodland: 34%
Other: 20%

Irrigated land: 900 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Honduras - People 1993
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Population: 5,170,108 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 2.8% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Honduran(s)
Adjective: Honduran

Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Indian and European) 90%, Indian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Languages: Spanish, Indian dialects

Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant minority

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.8% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 35.82 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 6.44 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.43 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast; deforestation; soil erosion

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 47.2 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.17 years
Male: 64.82 years
Female: 69.62 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.87 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Male: 76%
Female: 71%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Honduras - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
Conventional short form: Honduras
Local long form: Republica de Honduras
Local short form: Honduras

Government type: republic

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Administrative divisions:
18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El
Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La
Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro


Dependent areas

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

Constitution: 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982

Legal system:
rooted in Roman and Spanish civil law; some influence of
English common law; accepts ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch: president, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justica)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA,
IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), LORCS, OAS, OPANAL, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Rene Arturo BENDANA-VALENZUELA
In the us chancery: 3,007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 966-7,702
In the us consulates general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco
In the us consulates: Baton Rouge, Boston, Detroit, Houston, and Jacksonville
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador William Bryce (since 28 May 1993)
From the us embassy: Avenida La Paz, Tegucigalpa
From the us mailing address: APO AA 34,022, Tegucigalpa
From the us telephone: 504 32-3,120
From the us fax: 504 32-0027

Flag descriptionflag of Honduras: three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with five blue five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the word REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band Hemisphere. Agriculture, the most important sector of the economy, accounts for more than 25% of GDP, employs 62% of the labor force, and produces two-thirds of exports. Productivity remains low. Industry, still in its early stages, employs nearly 9% of the labor force, accounts for 15% of GDP, and generates 20% of exports. The service sectors, including public administration, account for 50% of GDP and employ nearly 20% of the labor force. Basic problems facing the economy include rapid population growth, high unemployment, a lack of basic services, a large and inefficient public sector, and the dependence of the export sector mostly on coffee and bananas, which are subject to sharp price fluctuations. A far-reaching reform program initiated by President CALLEJAS in 1990 is beginning to take hold.

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Honduras - Economy 1993
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Economy overview

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.6% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: most important sector, accounting for more than 25% of GDP, more than 60% of the labor force, and two-thirds of exports; principal products include bananas, coffee, timber, beef, citrus fruit, shrimp; importer of wheat

Industries: agricultural processing (sugar and coffee), textiles, clothing, wood products

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 0.8% (1990 est.); accounts for 15% of
GDP


Labor force: 1.3 million
By occupation agriculture: 62%
By occupation services: 20%
By occupation manufacturing: 9%
By occupation construction: 3%
By occupation other: 6% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (30-40% underemployed) (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.4 billion; expenditures $1.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $511 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.0 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: bananas, coffee, shrimp, lobster, minerals, meat, lumber
Partners: US 65%, Germany 9%, Japan 8%, Belgium 7%

Imports: $1.3 billion (c.i.f. 1991)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment, chemical products, manufactured goods, fuel and oil, foodstuffs
Partners: US 45%, Japan 9%, Netherlands 7%, Mexico 7%, Venezuela 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: lempiras (L) per US$1 - 5.4 (fixed rate; 5.70 parallel black-market rate (November 1990; the lempira was allowed to float in 1992; current rate about US$1 - 5.65


Honduras - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 575,000 kW capacity; 2,000 million kWh produced, 390 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Honduras - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Honduras - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $45 million, about 1% of
GDP (1993 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Honduras - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 165
Usable: 137
With permanentsurface runways: 11
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 4
With runways 1220-2439 m: 14

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 465 km navigable by small craft

Merchant marine:
252 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 819,100
GRT/1,195,276 DWT; includes 2 passenger-cargo, 162 cargo, 20 refrigerated cargo, 10 container, 6 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 22 oil tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 2 specialized tanker, 22 bulk, 3 passenger, 2 short-sea passenger; note - a flag of convenience registry; Russia owns 10 ships under the Honduran flag


Ports and terminals


Honduras - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international:
land boundary dispute with El Salvador mostly resolved by 11 September 1992 International Court of Justice (ICJ) decision;
ICJ referred the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca to an earlier agreement in this century and advised that some tripartite resolution among El
Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required


Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; transshipment point for cocaine


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