Statistical information Israel 1993Israel

Map of Israel | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Israel in the World

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Israel - Introduction 1993
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Background: The territories occupied by Israel since the 1967 war are not included in the data below. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations are being conducted between Israel and Palestinian representatives, Syria, and Jordan to determine the final status of the occupied territories. On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace treaty.


Israel - Geography 1993
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 20,770 km²
Land: 20,330 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,006 km, Egypt 255 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km

Coastline: 273 km
Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

Terrain:
Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains;
Jordan Rift Valley


Elevation

Natural resources: copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, manganese, small amounts of natural gas and crude oil
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 17%
Permanent crops: 5%
Meadows and pastures: 40%
Forest and woodland: 6%
Other: 32%

Irrigated land: 2,140 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Israel - People 1993
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Population
Growth rate: 3.08% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Israeli(s)
Adjective: Israeli

Ethnic groups: Jewish 83%, non-Jewish 17% (mostly Arab)

Languages:
Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority,
English most commonly used foreign language


Religions:
Judaism 82%, Islam 14% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2%,
Druze and other 2%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.08% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 20.72 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 6.45 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 16.51 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; limited arable land: and natural water resources pose serious constraints; deforestation
Current issues note:
there are 175 Jewish settlements in the West Bank, 38 in the
Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 18 in the Gaza Strip, and 14 Israeli-built
Jewish neighborhoods in East Jerusalem


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.9 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.77 years
Male: 75.72 years
Female: 79.93 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.86 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1983)
Total population: 92%
Male: 95%
Female: 89%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Israel - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Israel
Local long form: Medinat Yisra'el
Local short form: Yisra'el

Government type: republic

Capital: Jerusalem

Administrative divisions:
6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz);
Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv


Dependent areas

Independence: 14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 14 May 1948 (Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May) members of the
Government:
Labor Party, Prime Minister Yitzhak RABIN;
MERETZ, Minister of Education Shulamit ALONI; SHAS, Minister of Interior Arieh

DERI opposition parties:
Likud Party, Binyamin NETANYAHU; Tzomet, Rafael EITAN;
National Religious Party, Zevulun HAMMER; United Torah Jewry, Avraham SHAPIRA;
Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash), Hashim MAHAMID; Moledet,
Rehavam ZEEVI; Arab Democratic Party, Abd al Wahab DARAWSHAH
Israel currently has a coalition government comprising 3 parties that hold 62 seats of the Knesset's 120 seats


Constitution: no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the basic laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Israeli citizenship law

Legal system:
mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, in personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; in
December 1985, Israel informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, prime minister, vice prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral parliament (Knesset)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AG (observer), CCC, CERN (oberver), EBRD, ECE, FAO, GATT, IADB,
IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, OAS (observer), PCA, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Itamar RABINOVICH
In the us chancery: 3,514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 364-5,500
In the us consulates general:
Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami,
New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco

From the us chief of mission: Acting Ambassador William BROWN
From the us embassy: 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv
From the us mailing address: APO AE 9,830
From the us telephone: 972 (3) 654,338
From the us fax: 972 (3) 663,449
From the us consulate general: Jerusalem

Flag descriptionflag of Israel: white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Israel - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Israel has a market economy with substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Israel has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Industry employs about 20% of Israeli workers, agriculture 5%, and services most of the rest. Diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are leading exports. Israel usually posts balance-of-payments deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's $17 billion external debt is owed to the United States, which is its major source of scanning equipment. The influx of Jewish immigrants from the former USSR, which topped 400,000 during the period 1990-92, has increased unemployment, intensified housing problems, and widened the government budget deficit. At the same time, a considerable number of the immigrants bring to the economy valuable scientific and professional expertise.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6.4% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 3% of GDP; largely self-sufficient in food production, except for grains; principal products - citrus and other fruits, vegetables, cotton; livestock products - beef, dairy, poultry

Industries: food processing, diamond cutting and polishing, textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal products, military equipment, transport equipment, electrical equipment, miscellaneous machinery, potash mining, high-technology electronics, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 9.4% (1992 est.), accounts for about 20% of GDP

Labor force: 1.4 million (1984 est.)
By occupation public services: 29.3%
By occupation industry andmanufacturing: 22.8%
By occupation commerce: 12.8%
By occupation finance and business: 9.5%
By occupation transport storage and communications: 6.8%
By occupation constructionandpublicworks: 6.5%
By occupation personal and other services: 5.8%
By occupation agriculture forestry and fishing: 5.5%
By occupation electricityandwater: 1.0% (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 11% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $33.9 billion; expenditures $36.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $9.3 billion (FY93)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year (since 1 January 1992)

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $11.8 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: polished diamonds, citrus and other fruits, textiles and clothing, processed foods, fertilizer and chemical products, military hardware, electronics
Partners: US, EC, Japan, Hong Kong, Switzerland

Imports: $19.6 billion (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: military equipment, rough diamonds, oil, chemicals, machinery, iron and steel, cereals, textiles, vehicles, ships, aircraft
Partners: US, EC, Switzerland, Japan, South Africa, Canada, Hong Kong

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Israel - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 5,835,000 kW capacity; 21,840 million kWh produced, 4,600 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Israel - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Israel - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $12.5 billion, 18% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Israel - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 53
Usable: 46
With permanentsurface runways: 28
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 7
With runways 1220-2439 m: 12

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 708 km; petroleum products 290 km; natural gas 89 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
35 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 678,584 GRT/785,220
DWT; includes 8 cargo, 24 container, 2 refrigerated cargo, 1 roll-on/roll-off; note - Israel also maintains a significant flag of convenience fleet, which is normally at least as large as the Israeli flag fleet; the Israeli flag of convenience fleet typically includes all of its oil tankers


Ports and terminals


Israel - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: separated from Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank by the 1949 Armistice Line; differences with Jordan over the location of the 1949 Armistice Line that separates the two countries; West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli occupied with status to be determined; Golan Heights is Israeli occupied; Israeli troops in southern Lebanon since June 1982; water-sharing issues with Jordan

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Economy Bookings


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