Statistical information Jamaica 1993Jamaica

Map of Jamaica | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Jamaica in the World
Jamaica in the World

Sightseeing Pass


Jamaica - Introduction 1993
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Background: Jamaica gained full independence within the British Commonwealth in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence and a dropoff in tourism. Elections in 1980 saw the democratic socialists voted out of office and a more conservative government installed.


Jamaica - Geography 1993
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Location: in the northern Caribbean Sea, about 160 km south of Cuba

Geographic coordinates

Map reference:
Central America and the Caribbean, North America, Standard
Time Zones of the World


Area
Total: 10,990 km²
Land: 10,830 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,022 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Elevation

Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 19%
Permanent crops: 6%
Meadows and pastures: 18%
Forest and woodland: 28%
Other: 29%

Irrigated land: 350 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Jamaica - People 1993
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Population: 2,529,981 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.96% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Jamaican(s)
Adjective: Jamaican

Ethnic groups:
African 76.3%, Afro-European 15.1%, East Indian and
Afro-East Indian 3%, white 3.2%, Chinese and Afro-Chinese 1.2%, other 1.2% 7.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.9%, Pentecostal 5.2%, Methodist 3.1%, United
Church 2.7%, other 2.5%), Roman Catholic 5%, other, including some spiritual cults 39.1% (1982)


Languages: English, Creole

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.96% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 22.24 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 5.72 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -6.95 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes (especially July to November); deforestation; water pollution
Current issues note: strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for Panama Canal

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.5 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 74.09 years
Male: 71.92 years
Female: 76.36 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.47 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over having ever attended school (1990)
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Jamaica - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Jamaica

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Kingston

Administrative divisions:
14 parishes; Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston,
Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint
Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland


Dependent areas

Independence: 6 August 1962 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day (first Monday in August)

Constitution: 6 August 1962

Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, C, CARICOM, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-19, G-77, GATT, G-15,
IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL,
IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, LORCS, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,
WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Richard BERNAL
In the us chancery: Suite 355, 1850 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20,006
In the us telephone: (202) 452-0660
In the us consulates general: Miami and New York
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Glen A. HOLDEN
From the us embassy: Kingston
From the us mailing address:
3rd Floor, Jamaica Mutual Life Center, 2 Oxford Road,
Kingston

From the us telephone: (809) 929-4,850 through 4,859
From the us fax: (809) 926-6,743

Flag descriptionflag of Jamaica: diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and fly side)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Jamaica - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: The economy is based on sugar, bauxite, and tourism. In 1985 it suffered a setback with the closure of some facilities in the bauxite and alumina industry, a major source of hard currency earnings. Since 1986 an economic recovery has been under way. In 1987 conditions began to improve for the bauxite and alumina industry because of increases in world metal prices. The recovery has also been supported by growth in the manufacturing and tourism sectors. In September 1988, Hurricane Gilbert inflicted severe damage on crops and the electric power system, a sharp but temporary setback to the economy. By October 1989 the economic recovery from the hurricane was largely complete, and real growth was up about 3% for 1989. In 1991, however, growth dropped to 0.2% as a result of the US recession, lower world bauxite prices, and monetary instability. In 1992, growth was 1.5%, supported by a recovery in

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.5% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 9% of GDP, 22% of work force, and 17% of exports; commercial crops - sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and livestock products include poultry, goats, milk; not self-sufficient in grain, meat, and dairy products

Industries: tourism, bauxite mining, textiles, food processing, light manufactures

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 2.0% (1990); accounts for almost 25% of
GDP


Labor force: 1,062,100
By occupation services: 41%
By occupation agriculture: 22.5%
By occupation industry: 19%
By occupation unemployed: 17.5% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15.4% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $600 million; expenditures $736 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.2 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: alumina, bauxite, sugar, bananas, rum
Partners: US 39%, UK 14%, Canada 12%, Netherlands 8%, Norway 7%

Imports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: fuel, other raw materials, construction materials, food, transport equipment, other machinery and equipment
Partners: US 51%, UK 6%, Venezuela 5%, Canada 5%, Japan 4.5%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Jamaican dollars (J$) per US$1 - 22.173 (September 1992), 12.116 (1991), 7.184 (1990), 5.7446 (1989), 5.4886 (1988), 5.4867 (1987)


Jamaica - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1,127,000 kW capacity; 2,736 million kWh produced, 1,090 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Jamaica - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Jamaica - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $19.3 million, 1% of GDP (FY91/92)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Jamaica - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 36
Usable: 23
With permanentsurface runways: 10
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: petroleum products 10 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 9,619 GRT/16,302
DWT; includes 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 oil tanker, 2 bulk


Ports and terminals


Jamaica - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit cultivation of cannabis; transshipment point for cocaine from Central and South America to North America; government has an active cannabis eradication program


Iberia


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