Statistical information Lithuania 1993Lithuania

Map of Lithuania | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Lithuania in the World
Lithuania in the World

Volotea Air

Lithuania - Introduction 1993
top of page

Background: Independent between the two World Wars Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. In March of 1990 Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence but this proclamation was not generally recognized until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993.

Lithuania - Geography 1993
top of page

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia, Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total: 65,200 km²
Land: 65,200 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,273 km, Belarus 502 km, Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km

Coastline: 108 km
Territorial sea: 12 nm and not in midriver as by international standards

Maritime claims

Climate: maritime; wet, moderate winters

Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil


Natural resources: peat
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 49.1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 22.2%
Forest and woodland: 16.3%
Other: 12.4%

Irrigated land: 430 km² (1990)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Lithuania - People 1993
top of page

Population: 3,819,638 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.76% (1993 est.)

Noun: Lithuanian(s)
Adjective: Lithuanian

Ethnic groups: Lithuanian 80.1%, Russian 8.6%, Polish 7.7%, Belarusian 1.5%, other 2.1%

Languages: Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.76% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 14.95 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 10.94 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 3.62 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues:
risk of accidents from the two Chernobyl-type reactors at the
Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant; contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 16.9 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.12 years
Male: 66.39 years
Female: 76.08 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.03 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 9-49 can read and write (1970)
Total population: 100%
Male: 100%
Female: 100%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Lithuania - Government 1993
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
Conventional short form: Lithuania
Local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
Local short form: Lietuva
Former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type: republic

Capital: Vilnius

Administrative divisions: NA districts

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 February

Constitution: adopted 25 October 1992

Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation



Executive branch: president, prime minister, cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Seimas (parliament)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeals

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Stasys LOZORAITIS, Jr.
In the us chancery: 2,622 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: (202) 234-5,860, 2,639
In the us fax: (202) 328-0466
In the us consulate general: New York
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Darryl N. JOHNSON
From the us embassy: Akmenu 6, Vilnius 232,600
From the us mailing address: APO AE 9,723
From the us telephone: 011 7 (012-2) 222-031
From the us fax: 011 7 (012-2) 222-779

Flag descriptionflag of Lithuania: three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Lithuania - Economy 1993
top of page

Economy overview: Lithuania is striving to become an independent privatized economy. Although it was substantially above average in living standards and technology in the old USSR, Lithuania historically lagged behind Latvia and Estonia in economic development. The country has no important natural resources aside from its arable land: and strategic location. Industry depends and its rail and highway hub at Vilnius, which provides land communication between Eastern Europe and Russia, Latvia, Estonia, and Belarus. Industry produces a small assortment of high-quality products, ranging from complex machine tools to sophisticated consumer electronics. Because of nuclear power, Lithuania is presently self-sufficient in electricity, exporting its surplus to Latvia and Belarus; the nuclear facilities inherited from the USSR, however, have come under world scrutiny as seriously deficient in safety standards. Agriculture is efficient compared with most of the former Soviet Union. Lithuania held first place in per capita consumption of meat, second place for eggs and potatoes, and fourth place for milk and dairy products. Grain must be imported to support the meat and dairy industries. Lithuania is pressing ahead with plans to privatize at least 60% of state-owned property (industry, agriculture, and housing), having already sold almost all housing and many small enterprises using a voucher system. Other government priorities include encouraging foreign investment by protecting the property rights of foreign firms and redirecting foreign trade away from Eastern markets to the more competitive Western markets. For the moment, Lithuania will remain highly dependent on Russia for energy, raw materials, grains, and markets for its products. In 1992, output plummeted by 30% because of cumulative problems with inputs and with markets, problems that were accentuated by the phasing out of the Russian ruble as the medium of exchange.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -30% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: employs around 20% of labor force; sugar, grain, potatoes, sugarbeets, vegetables, meat, milk, dairy products, eggs, fish; most developed are the livestock and dairy branches, which depend on imported grain; net exporter of meat, milk, and eggs

Industries: employs 25% of the labor force; shares in the total production petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, and amber

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate -50% (1992 est.)

Labor force: 1.836 million
By occupation industry and construction: 42%
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 18%
By occupation other: 40% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1% (February 1993; but large numbers of underemployed workers

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $258.5 million; expenditures $270.2 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodoties: electronics 18%, petroleum products 5%, food 10%, chemicals 6% (1989)
Partners: Russia 40%, Ukraine 16%, other former Soviet republics 32%, West 12%

Imports: $NA
Commodoties: oil 24%, machinery 14%, chemicals 8%, grain NA% (1989)
Partners: Russia 62%, Belarus 18%, former Soviet republics 10%, West 10%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: NA

Lithuania - Energy 1993
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 5,925,000 kW capacity; 25,000 million kWh produced, 6,600 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Lithuania - Communication 1993
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Lithuania - Military 1993
top of page

Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, 5.5% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Lithuania - Transportation 1993
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 96
Usable: 19
With permanentsurface runways: 12
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 5
With runways 1220-2439 m: 11

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 105 km, natural gas 760 km (1992)



Waterways: 600 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine:
46 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 282,633 GRT/332,447
DWT; includes 31 cargo, 3 railcar carrier, 1 roll-on/roll-off, 11 combination bulk

Ports and terminals

Lithuania - Transnational issues 1993
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs:
transshipment point for illicit drugs from Central and
Southwest Asia to Western Europe; limited producer of illicit opium; mostly for domestic consumption


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it