Statistical information Martinique 1993Martinique

Map of Martinique | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Martinique in the World
Martinique in the World

World Nomads

Martinique - Introduction 1993
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Background: Colonized by France in 1635 the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

Martinique - Geography 1993
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Location: in the Caribbean Sea, off the coast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 1,100 km²
Land: 1,060 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 290 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano


Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 8%
Meadows and pastures: 30%
Forest and woodland: 26%
Other: 26%

Irrigated land: 60 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Martinique - People 1993
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Population: 387,656 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 1.21% (1993 est.)

Noun: Martiniquais (singular and plural)
Adjective: Martiniquais

Ethnic groups:
African and African-Caucasian-Indian mixture 90%,
Caucasian 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%

Languages: French, Creole patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.21% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 18.07 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 5.94 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity that result in an average of one major natural disaster every five years

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10.7 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.82 years
Female: 81.01 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.94 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1982)
Total population: 93%
Male: 92%
Female: 93%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Martinique - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Department of Martinique
Conventional short form: Martinique
Local long form: Departement de la Martinique
Local short form: Martinique

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Fort-de-France

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday:
National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)
Federation of Martinique (FSM); Martinique Communist Party (PCM); Martinique
Patriots (PM); Union for French Democracy (UDF)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: government commissioner

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WCL

Diplomatic representation
In the us:
as an overseas department of France,
Martiniquais interests are represented in the US by France

From the us chief of mission: Consul General Raymond G. ROBINSON
From the us embassy: Consulate General at 14 Rue Blenac, Fort-de-France
From the us mailing address: B. P. 561, Fort-de-France 97,206
From the us telephone: 596 63-13-03

Flag descriptionflag of Martinique: the flag of France is used sector for 10%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange. The majority of the work force is employed in the service sector and in administration. Banana workers launched protests late in 1992 because of falling banana prices and fears of greater competition in the European market from other producers.

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Martinique - Economy 1993
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Economy overview

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products:
including fishing and forestry, accounts for about 12% of
GDP; principal crops - pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane for rum; dependent on imported food, particularly meat and vegetables

Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 100,000
By occupation serviceindustry: 31.7%
By occupation constructionandpublicworks: 29.4%
By occupation agriculture: 13.1%
By occupation industry: 7.3%
By occupation fisheries: 2.2%
By occupation other: 16.3%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 32.1% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $268 million; expenditures $268 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $196 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodoties: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples
Partners: France 65%, Guadeloupe 24%, Germany (1987)

Imports: $1.3 billion (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodoties: petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
Partners: France 65%, UK, Italy, Germany, Japan, US (1987)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.4812 (January 1993), 5.2938 (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988)

Martinique - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 113,100 kW capacity; 588 million kWh produced, 1,580 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Martinique - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Martinique - Military 1993
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Martinique - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Martinique - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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