Statistical information Mauritania 1993Mauritania

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Mauritania in the World
Mauritania in the World

Economy Bookings


Mauritania - Introduction 1993
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Background: Independent from France in 1960 Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976 but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Opposition parties were legalized and a new constitution approved in 1991. Two multiparty presidential elections since then were widely seen as being flawed; Mauritania remains in reality a one-party state. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions between its black minority population and the dominant Maur (Arab-Berber) populace.


Mauritania - Geography 1993
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Location:
Northern Africa, along the North Atlantic Ocean, between Western
Sahara and Senegal


Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: total: 1,030,700 km²

Land boundaries: total 5,074 km, Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km

Coastline: 754 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty

Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills

Elevation

Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, fish, copper, phosphate
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 38%
Forest and woodland: 5%
Other: 56%

Irrigated land: 120 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Mauritania - People 1993
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Population: 2,124,792 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 3.14% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Mauritanian(s)
Adjective: Mauritanian

Ethnic groups: mixed Maur/black 40%, Maur 30%, black 30%

Languages: Hasaniya Arabic (official), Pular, Soninke, Wolof (official)

Religions: Muslim 100%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.14% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 47.97 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 16.54 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues:
hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in
March and April; desertification; only perennial river is the Senegal


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 87 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 47.59 years
Male: 44.81 years

Total fertility rate: 7.05 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 10 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 34%
Male: 47%
Female: 21%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Mauritania - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Conventional short form: Mauritania
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah
Local short form: Muritaniyah

Government type: republic

Capital: Nouakchott

Administrative divisions:
12 regions(regions, singular - region); Adrar,
Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh ech Chargui, Hodh el Gharbi, Inchiri, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza
there may be a new capital district of Nouakchott


Dependent areas

Independence: 28 November 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 28 November (1960)

Constitution: 12 July 1991

Legal system: three-tier system: Islamic (Shari'a) courts, special courts,

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president

Legislative branch: bicameral legislature consists of an upper house or Senate (Majlis al-Shuyukh) and a lower house or National Assembly (Majlis al-Watani)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, ACCT (associate), ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU,
CCC, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO,
IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Mohamed Fall OULD AININA
In the us chancery: 2,129 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 232-5,700
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Gordon S. BROWN
From the us embassy: address NA, Nouakchott
From the us telephone: 222 (2) 526-60 or 526-63
From the us fax: 222 (2) 525-89

Flag descriptionflag of Mauritania: green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Mauritania - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: A majority of the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for almost 50% of total exports. The decline in world demand for this ore, however, has led to cutbacks in production. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. In recent years, the droughts, the endemic conflict with Senegal, rising energy costs, and economic mismanagement have resulted in a substantial buildup of foreign debt. The government has begun the second stage of an economic reform program in consultation with the World Bank, the IMF, and major donor countries. But the reform process suffered a major setback following the Gulf war of early 1991. Because of Mauritania's support of SADDAM Husayn, bilateral aid from its two top donors, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, was suspended, and multilateral aid was reduced.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 50% of GDP (including fishing; largely subsistence farming and nomadic cattle and sheep herding except in Senegal river valley; crops - dates, millet, sorghum, root crops; fish products number-one export; large food deficit in years of drought

Industries: fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 4.4% (1988 est.), accounts for almost 33% of GDP

Labor force: 465,000 (1981 est.); 45,000 wage earners (1980)
By occupation agriculture: 47%
By occupation services: 29%
By occupation industry and commerce: 14%
By occupation government:
10%
53% of population of working age (1985)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 20% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $280 million; expenditures $346 million, including capital expenditures of $61 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $447 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: iron ore, processed fish, small amounts of gum arabic and gypsum; unrecorded but numerically significant cattle exports to Senegal
Partners: EC 43%, Japan 27%, USSR 11%, Cote d'Ivoire 3%

Imports: $385 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, capital goods
Partners: EC 60%, Algeria 15%, China 6%, US 3%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: ouguiya (UM) per US$1 - 116.990 (February 1993), 87.082 (1992), 81.946 (1991), 80.609 (1990), 83.051 (1989), 75.261 (1988)


Mauritania - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Mauritania - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Mauritania - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $40 million, 4.2% of GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Mauritania - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 29
Usable: 29
With permanentsurface runways: 9
With runways over 3659 m: 1
With runways 2440-3659 m: 5
With runways 1220-2439 m: 16

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: mostly ferry traffic on the Senegal River

Merchant marine:
1 cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,290 GRT/1,840
DWT


Ports and terminals


Mauritania - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: boundary with Senegal

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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