Statistical information Morocco 1993Morocco

Map of Morocco | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Morocco in the World
Morocco in the World

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Morocco - Introduction 1993
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Background: Morocco's long struggle for independence from France ended in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier was turned over to the new country that same year. Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved.


Morocco - Geography 1993
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Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the
Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara


Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 446,550 km²
Land: 446,300 km²

Land boundaries: total 2,002 km, Algeria 1,559 km, Western Sahara 443 km

Coastline: 1,835 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate

Terrain: mostly mountains with rich coastal plains

Elevation

Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 18%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 28%
Forest and woodland: 12%
Other: 41%

Irrigated land: 12,650 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Morocco - People 1993
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Population: 27,955,090 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 2.16% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Moroccan(s)
Adjective: Moroccan

Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%

Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language

Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.16% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 29.23 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 6.56 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.13 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; desertification
Current issues note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 53.4 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.5 years
Male: 65.7 years
Female: 69.4 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.96 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 50%
Male: 61%
Female: 38%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Morocco - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Morocco
Conventional short form: Morocco
Local long form: Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah
Local short form: Al Maghrib

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Rabat

Administrative divisions:
37 provinces and 5 municipalities* (wilayas, singular - wilaya); Agadir, Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Ben Slimane,
Boulemane, Casablanca*, Chaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des Srarhna, Er Rachidia,
Essaouira, Fes, Fes*, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane, Kenitra, Khemisset, Khenifra,
Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache, Marrakech, Marrakech*, Meknes, Meknes*, Nador,
Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat-Sale*, Safi, Settat, Sidi Kacem, Tanger, Tan-Tan,
Taounate, Taroudannt, Tata, Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit


Dependent areas

Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)

National holiday:
National Day, 3 March (1961) (anniversary of King Hassan
II's accession to the throne)


Constitution: 10 March 1972, revised in September 1992

Legal system:
based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of
Supreme Court


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
Chamber of Representatives: last held on 14 September 1984 (were scheduled for September 1990, but postponed until June 1993 when 27 new seats will be added); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (306 total, 206 elected) UC 83, RNI 61, MP 47, Istiqlal 41, USFP 36, PND 24, other 14

Executive branch: monarch, prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral Chamber of Representatives (Majlis Nawab)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, ACCT (associate), AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CCC, EBRD,
ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO,
IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LORCS, OAS (observer), NAM, OIC, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOSOM,
UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Mohamed BELKHAYAT
In the us chancery: 1601 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009;
In the us telephone: (202) 462-7,979
In the us consulate general: New York
From the us chief of mission: (vacant)
From the us embassy: 2 Avenue de Marrakech, Rabat
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 120, Rabat, or PSC 74, APO AE 9,718
From the us telephone: 212 (7) 76-22-65
From the us fax: 212 (7) 76-56-61
From the us consulate general: Casablanca

Flag descriptionflag of Morocco: red with a green pentacle (five-pointed, linear star) known as Solomon's seal in the center of the flag; green is the traditional color of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Morocco - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: The economy had recovered moderately in 1990 because of: the resolution of a trade dispute with India over phosphoric acid sales, a rebound in textile sales to the EC, lower prices for food imports, a sharp increase in worker remittances, increased Arab donor aid, and generous debt rescheduling agreements. Economic performance in 1991 was mixed. A record harvest helped domestic demand, import volume growth slowed while export volume was adversely affected by phosphate marketing difficulties. In January 1992, Morocco reached a new 12-month standby arrangement for $129 million with the IMF. In February 1992, the Paris Club rescheduled $1.4 billion of Morocco's commercial debt. This is thought to be Morocco's last rescheduling. By 1993 the Moroccan authorities hope to be in a position to meet all debt service obligations without additional rescheduling. Servicing this large debt, high unemployment, and Morocco's vulnerability to external economic forces remain severe long-term problems. In 1992 Morocco embarked on a program to privatize 112 state-owned companies. A severe winter drought in 1991/92 cut back agricultural output in 1992.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 0% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 16% of GDP, 50% of employment, and 30% of export value; not self-sufficient in food; cereal farming and livestock raising predominate; barley, wheat, citrus fruit, wine, vegetables, olives; fish catch of 491,000 metric tons in 1987

Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 8.4%; accounts for 27% of GDP (1990)

Labor force: 7.4 million
By occupation agriculture: 50%
By occupation services: 26%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation other: 9% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 19% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $7.5 billion; expenditures $7.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.9 billion (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.7 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: food and beverages 30%, semiprocessed goods 23%, consumer goods 21%, phosphates 17%
Partners: EC 58%, India 7%, Japan 5%, former USSR 3%, US 2%

Imports: $7.6 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: capital goods 24%, semiprocessed goods 22%, raw materials 16%, fuel and lubricants 16%, food and beverages 13%, consumer goods 9%
Partners: EC 53%, US 11%, Canada 4%, Iraq 3%, former USSR 3%, Japan 2%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams (DH) per US$1 - 9.207 (February 1993), 8.538 (1992), 8.707 (1991), 8.242 (1990), 8.488 (1989), 8.209 (1988)


Morocco - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2,384,000 kW capacity; 8,864 million kWh produced, 317 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Morocco - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Morocco - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $1.1 billion, 3.8% of GDP (1993 budget)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Morocco - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 73
Usable: 65
With permanentsurface runways: 26
With runways over 3659 m: 2
With runways 2440-3659 m: 13
With runways 1220-2439 m: 26

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 362 km; petroleum products (abandoned) 491 km; natural gas 241 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
50 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 305,758 GRT/484,825
DWT; 10 cargo, 2 container, 11 refrigerated cargo, 6 roll-on/roll-off, 4 oil tanker, 11 chemical tanker, 4 bulk, 2 short-sea passenger


Ports and terminals


Morocco - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international:
claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty is unresolved; the UN is attempting to hold a referendum; the
UN-administered cease-fire has been currently in effect since September 1991;
Spain controls five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla which Morocco contests as well as the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la
Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas


Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of hashish; trafficking on the increase for both domestic and international drug markets; shipments of hashish mostly directed to Western Europe; occasional transit point for cocaine from South


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