Statistical information Sri Lanka 1993Sri%20Lanka

Map of Sri Lanka | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Sri Lanka in the World
Sri Lanka in the World

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Sri Lanka - Introduction 1993
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Background: Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and the Dutch in the 17th century the island was ceded to the British in 1802. As Ceylon it became independent in 1948; its name was changed in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted in violence in the mid-1980s. Tens of thousands have died in an ethnic war that continues to fester.


Sri Lanka - Geography 1993
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Location: South Asia, 29 km southeast of India across the Palk Strait in the Indian Ocean

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 65,610 km²
Land: 64,740 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,340 km
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March; southwest monsoon (June to October)

Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

Elevation

Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 16%
Permanent crops: 17%
Meadows and pastures: 7%
Forest and woodland: 37%
Other: 23%

Irrigated land: 5,600 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Sri Lanka - People 1993
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Population: 17,838,190 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 1.11% (1993 est.)

Nationality: adjective: Sri Lankan

Ethnic groups:
Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and
Vedda 1%


Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%

Religions: Buddhist 69%, Hindu 15%, Christian 8%, Muslim 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.11% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 18.71 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 5.84 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.81 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: occasional cyclones, tornados; deforestation; soil erosion
Current issues note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 22.8 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.51 years
Male: 68.94 years
Female: 74.21 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.13 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 88%
Male: 93%
Female: 84%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Sri Lanka - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Conventional short form: Sri Lanka
Former: Ceylon

Government type: republic

Capital: Colombo

Administrative divisions:
8 provinces; Central, North Central, North
Eastern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva, Western


Dependent areas

Independence: 4 February 1948 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence and National Day, 4 February (1948)

Constitution: 31 August 1978

Legal system:
a highly complex mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch,
Muslim, Sinhalese, and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL,
IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,
WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Ananda GURUGE
In the us chancery: 2,148 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 483-4,025 through 4,028
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Teresita C. SCHAFFER
From the us embassy: 210 Galle Road, Colombo 3
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 106, Colombo
From the us telephone: 94 (1) 44-80-07
From the us fax: 94 (1) 43-73-45

Flag descriptionflag of Sri%20Lanka: yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border that goes around the entire flag and extends between the two panels

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Sri Lanka - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing dominate the economy, employing half of the labor force and accounting for one quarter of GDP. The plantation crops of tea, rubber, and coconuts provide about one-third of export earnings. The economy has been plagued by high rates of unemployment since the late 1970s. Economic growth, which has been depressed by ethnic unrest, accelerated in 1991-92 as domestic conditions began to improve and conditions for foreign investment brightened.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.5% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 26% of GDP and nearly half of labor force; most important staple crop is paddy rice; other field crops - sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseeds, roots, spices; cash crops - tea, rubber, coconuts; animal products - milk, eggs, hides, meat; not self-sufficient in rice production

Industries: processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco, clothing

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force: 6.6 million
By occupation agriculture: 45.9%
By occupation mining and manufacturing: 13.3%
By occupation tradeandtransport: 12.4%
By occupation servicesandother: 28.4% (1985est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $2.0 billion; expenditures $3.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $500 million (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.0 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: textiles and garments, teas, petroleum products, coconuts, rubber, other agricultural products, gems and jewelry, marine products, graphite
Partners: US 27.4%, Germany, Japan, UK, Belgium, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China

Imports: $3.1 billion (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: food and beverages, textiles and textile materials, petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment
Partners: Japan, Iran, US 5.7%, India, Taiwan, Singapore, Germany, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Sri Lankan rupees (SLRes) per US$1 - 46.342 (January 1993), 43.687 (1992), 41.372 (1991), 40.063 (1990), 36.047 (1989), 31.807 (1988)


Sri Lanka - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1,300,000 kW capacity; 3,600 million kWh produced, 200 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Sri Lanka - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Sri Lanka - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $365 million, 4.7% of GDP (1992)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Sri Lanka - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 14
Usable: 13
With permanentsurface runways: 12
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 8

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil and petroleum products 62 km (1987)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 430 km; navigable by shallow-draft craft

Merchant marine:
27 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 276,074 GRT/443,266
DWT; includes 12 cargo, 6 refrigerated cargo, 3 container, 3 oil tanker, 3 bulk


Ports and terminals


Sri Lanka - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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