Statistical information Switzerland 1993Switzerland

Map of Switzerland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Switzerland in the World
Switzerland in the World

Undercover Tourist


Switzerland - Introduction 1993
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Background: Switzerland's independence and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers and Switzerland did not participate in either World War I or II. The political and economic integration of Europe since World War II may be rendering obsolete Switzerland's concern for neutrality.


Switzerland - Geography 1993
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Location: Western Europe, between France and Austria

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceEurope, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total: 41,290 km²
Land: 39,770 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,852 km, Austria 164 km, France 573 km, Italy 740 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes

Elevation

Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 40%
Forest and woodland: 26%
Other: 23%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Switzerland - People 1993
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Population: 6,986,621 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.83% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Swiss (singular and plural)
Adjective: Swiss
Total population: German 65%
Swiss nationals: German 74%

Ethnic groups

Languages: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 12%, Romansch 1%, other 4%

Religions: Roman Catholic 47.6%, Protestant 44.3%, other 8.1% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.83% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 12.37 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 9.24 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.13 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: dominated by Alps
Current issues note:
landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France and northern Italy, contains the highest elevations in
Europe


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6.6 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.99 years
Male: 74.6 years
Female: 81.54 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980)
Total population: 99%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Switzerland - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: Swiss Confederation
Conventional short form: Switzerland
Local long form:
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German) Confederation
Suisse (French) Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)

Local short form: Schweiz (German) Suisse (French) Svizzera (Italian)

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Bern

Administrative divisions:
26 cantons (cantons, singular - canton in
French; cantoni, singular - cantone in Italian; kantone, singular - kanton in
German); Aargau, Ausser-Rhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Fribourg,
Geneve, Glarus, Graubunden, Inner-Rhoden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel, Nidwalden,
Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri,
Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zurich


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 August 1291

National holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the Swiss Confederation, 1 August (1291)

Constitution: 29 May 1874

Legal system: civil law system influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts, except with respect to federal decrees of general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly (German - Bundesversammlung, French - Assemblee Federale, Italian - Assemblea Federale) consists of an upper council or Council of States (German - Standerat, French - Conseil des Etats, Italian - Consiglio degli Stati) and a lower council or National Council (German - Nationalrat, French - Conseil National, Italian - Consiglio Nazionale)

Judicial branch: Federal Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australian Group, BIS, CCC, CE,
CERN, COCOM (coopeating country), CSCE, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA, FAO, G-8, G-10,
GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO,
INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MINURSO, MTRC, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNHCR, UNIDO, UNPROFOR, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Edouard BRUNNER
In the us chancery: 2,900 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: (202) 745-7,900
In the us fax: (202) 387-2,564
In the us consulates general:
Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and
San Francisco

From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph B. GILDENHORN
From the us embassy: Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3,005 Bern
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us telephone: 41 (31) 437-011
From the us fax: 41 (31) 437-344 branch office: Geneva
From the us consulate general: Zurich

Flag descriptionflag of Switzerland: red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Switzerland - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Switzerland's economy - one of the most prosperous and stable in the world - is nonetheless undergoing a painful adjustment after both the soft economy have afflicted Switzerland. Despite slow growth in 1991-92, the Swiss central bank had been unable to ease monetary policy in the past three years because of the threat to the Swiss franc posed by high German interest rates. As a result, unemployment is forecast to rise from 3% in 1992 to more than 4% in 1993, with inflation moving down from 4% to 3%. The voters' rejection in December 1992 of a referendum on membership in the EEA which was supported by most political, business, and financial leaders has raised doubts that the country can maintain its preeminent prosperity and leadership in commercial banking in the 21st century. Despite these problems, Swiss per capita output, general living standards, education and science, health care, and diet remain unsurpassed in Europe. The country has few natural resources except for the scenic natural beauty that has made it a world leader in tourism. Management-labor relations remain generally harmonious.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -0.6% (1992)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: dairy farming predominates; less than 50% self-sufficient in food; must import fish, refined sugar, fats and oils (other than butter), grains, eggs, fruits, vegetables, meat

Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 0.4% (1991 est.)

Labor force: 3.31 million (904,095 foreign workers, mostly Italian)
By occupation services: 50%
By occupation industry and crafts: 33%
By occupation government: 10%
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 6%
By occupation other: 1% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $24.0 billion; expenditures $23.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $62.2 billion (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, precision instruments, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles and clothing
Partners: Western Europe 64% (EC countries 56%, other 8%), US 9%, Japan 4%

Imports: $68.5 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: agricultural products, machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, textiles, construction materials
Partners: Western Europe 78% (EC countries 71%, other 7%), US 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Switzerland - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17,710,000 kW capacity; 56,000 million kWh produced, 8,200 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Switzerland - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Switzerland - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $3.5 billion, 1.7% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Switzerland - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 66
Usable: 65
With permanentsurface runways: 42
With runways over 3659 m: 2
With runways 2440-3659 m: 5
With runways 1220-2439 m: 18

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 314 km, natural gas 1,506 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways:
65 km; Rhine (Basel to Rheinfelden, Schaffhausen to
Bodensee); 12 navigable lakes


Merchant marine:
23 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 308,725 GRT/548,244
DWT; includes 5 cargo, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 5 chemical tanker, 2 specialized tanker, 8 bulk, 1 oil tanker


Ports and terminals


Switzerland - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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