Statistical information Taiwan 1993Taiwan

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Taiwan in the World

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Taiwan - Introduction 1993
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Background: In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan, however it reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government that over five decades has gradually democratized and incorporated native Taiwanese within its structure. Throughout this period, the island has prospered as one of East Asia's economic tigers. The dominant political issue continues to be the relationship between Taiwan and Mainland China and the question of eventual reunification.


Taiwan - Geography 1993
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia, Oceania, Southeast Asia

Area
Total: 35,980 km²
Land: 32,260 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,448 km
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Maritime claims

Climate:
tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to
August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year


Terrain: eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

Elevation

Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 24%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 5%
Forest and woodland: 55%
Other: 15%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Taiwan - People 1993
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Population: 21,091,663 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 1% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Chinese

Ethnic groups: Taiwanese 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%

Languages: Madarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Religions: mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1% (1993 est.)

Birth rate

Death rate: 5.54 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.38 migrant(s)/1000 population (1993 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to earthquakes and typhoons

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.7 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.04 years
Male: 71.84 years
Female: 78.39 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980)
Total population: 86%
Male: 93%
Female: 79%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Taiwan - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Taiwan
Local long form: none
Local short form: T'ai-wan

Government type: multiparty democratic regime; opposition political parties legalized in March, 1989

Capital

Administrative divisions:
some of the ruling party in Taipei claim to be the government of all China; in keeping with that claim, the central administrative divisions include 2 provinces (sheng, singular and plural) and 2 municipalities* (shih, singular and plural) - Fu-chien (some 20 offshore islands of Fujian Province including Quemoy and Matsu), Kao-hsiung*,
T'ai-pei*, and Taiwan (the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores islands); the more commonly referenced administrative divisions are those of Taiwan Province - 16 counties (hsien, singular and plural), 5 municipalities* (shih, singular and plural), and 2 special municipalities** (chuan-shih, singular and plural);
Chang-hua, Chia-i, Chia-i*, Chi-lung*, Hsin-chu, Hsin-chu*, Hua-lien, I-lan,
Kao-hsiung, Kao-hsiung**, Miao-li, Nan-t'ou, P'eng-hu, P'ing-tung, T'ai-chung,
T'ai-chung*, T'ai-nan, T'ai-nan*, T'ai-pei, T'ai-pei**, T'ai-tung, T'ao-yuan, and Yun-lin; the provincial capital is at Chung-hsing-hsin-ts'un


Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday:
National Day, 10 October (1911) (Anniversary of the
Revolution)


Constitution: 25 December 1947, presently undergoing revision

Legal system: based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, vice president, premier of the Executive Yuan, vice premier of the Executive Yuan, Executive Yuan

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Yuan and unicameral National Assembly

Judicial branch: Judicial Yuan

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
expelled from UN General Assembly and Security Council on 25
October 1971 and withdrew on same date from other charter-designated subsidiary organs; expelled from IMF/World Bank group April/May 1980; seeking to join GATT; attempting to retain membership in INTELSAT; suspended from IAEA in 1972, but still allows IAEA controls over extensive atomic development,
APEC, AsDB, ICC, ICFTU, IOC


Diplomatic representation
In the us: none; unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people of the US are maintained through a private instrumentality, the Coordination Council for North American Affairs (CCNAA) with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington and 10 other US cities
From the us:
unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people of Taiwan are maintained through a private institution, the
American Institute in Taiwan (AIT), which has offices in Taipei at #7, Lane 134, Hsiu Yi Road, Section 3, telephone 886 (2) 709-2000, and in Kao-hsiung at #2 Chung Cheng 3d Road, telephone 886 (7) 224-0154 through 0157, and the
American Trade Center at Room 3,207 International Trade Building, Taipei World
Trade Center, 333 Keelung Road Section 1, Taipei 10,548, telephone 886 (2) 720-1550


Flag descriptionflag of Taiwan: red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Taiwan - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with considerable government guidance of investment and foreign trade and partial government ownership of some large banks and industrial firms. Real growth in GNP has averaged about 9% a year during the past three decades. Export growth has been even faster and has provided the impetus for industrialization. Agriculture contributes about 4% to GNP, down from 35% in 1952. Taiwan currently ranks as number 13 among major trading countries. Traditional labor-intensive industries are steadily being replaced with more capital- and technology-intensive industries. Taiwan has become a major investor in China, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Malaysia. The tightening of labor markets has led to an influx of foreign workers, both legal and illegal.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6.7% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 4% of GNP and 16% of labor force (includes part-time farmers; heavily subsidized sector; major crops - vegetables, rice, fruit, tea; livestock - hogs, poultry, beef, milk; not self-sufficient in wheat, soybeans, corn; fish catch increasing, reached 1.4 million metric tons in 1988

Industries: electronics, textiles, chemicals, clothing, food processing, plywood, sugar milling, cement, shipbuilding, petroleum refining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 6.5% (1992 est.), accounts for more than 40% of GDP

Labor force: 7.9 million
By occupation industry and commerce: 53%
By occupation services: 22%
By occupation agriculture: 15.6%
By occupation civiladministration: 7% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.6% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $30.3 billion; expenditures $30.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $82.4 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: electrical machinery 18.5%, textiles 14.7%, general machinery and equipment 17.7%, footwear 4.5%, foodstuffs 1.1%, plywood and wood products 1.1% (1992 est.)
Partners: US 29.1%, Hong Kong 18.7%, EC countries 17.1% (1992 est.)

Imports: $72.1 billion (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment 15.8%, chemicals 10.0%, crude oil 4.2%, foodstuffs 2.1% (1992 est.)
Partners: Japan 30.3%, US 21.9%, EC countries 17.1% (1992 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Taiwan dollars per US$1 - 25.125 (1992 est.), 25.748 (1991), 27.108 (1990), 26.407 (1989) 28.589 (1988), 31.845 (1987)


Taiwan - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 18,382,000 kW capacity; 98,500 million kWh produced, 4,718 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Taiwan - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Taiwan - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $10.9 billion, 5.4% of
GNP (FY93/94 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Taiwan - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 40
Usable: 38
With permanentsurface runways: 36
With runways over 3659 m: 3
With runways 2440-3659 m: 16
With runways 1220-2439 m: 7

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: petroleum products 615 km, natural gas 97 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
223 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,761,609
GRT/9,375,677 DWT; includes 1 passenger-cargo, 43 cargo, 11 refrigerated cargo, 85 container, 19 oil tanker, 2 combination ore/oil, 1 specialized tanker, 57 bulk, 1 roll-on/roll-off, 2 combination bulk, 1 chemical tanker


Ports and terminals


Taiwan - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international:
involved in complex dispute over the Spratly
Islands with China, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei;
Paracel Islands occupied by China, but claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan;
Japanese-administered Senkaku-shoto (Senkaku Islands/Diaoyu Tai) claimed by
China and Taiwan


Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: an important heroin transit point; also a major drug money laundering center


Economy Bookings


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