Statistical information Ukraine 1993Ukraine

Map of Ukraine | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Ukraine in the World
Ukraine in the World

Qatar Airways


Ukraine - Introduction 1993
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Background: Richly endowed in natural resources Ukraine has been fought over and subjugated for centuries; its 20th-century struggle for liberty is not yet complete. A short-lived independence from Russia (1917-1920) was followed by brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died and World War II in which German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 million more deaths. Although independence was attained in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR true freedom remains elusive as many of the former Soviet elite remain entrenched stalling efforts at economic reform privatization and civic liberties.


Ukraine - Geography 1993
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Location:
Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and
Russia


Geographic coordinates

Map reference:
Asia, Commonwealth of Independent States - European
States, Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World


Area
Total: total: 603,700 km²

Land boundaries:
total 4,558 km, Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 939 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (southwest) 169 km, Romania (west) 362 km,
Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km


Coastline: 2,782 km

Maritime claims: NA

Climate:
temperate continental; subtropical only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black
Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south


Terrain:
most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaux, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean
Peninsula in the extreme south


Elevation

Natural resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulphur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 56%
Permanent crops: 2%
Meadows and pastures: 12%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 30%

Irrigated land: 26,000 km² (1990)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Ukraine - People 1993
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Population: 51,821,230 (July 1993 est.)
Growth rate: 0.06% (1993 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Ukrainian(s)
Adjective: Ukrainian

Ethnic groups: Ukrainian 73%, Russian 22%, Jewish 1%, other 4%

Languages: Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish

Religions:
Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate, Ukrainian Orthodox -
Kiev Patriarchate, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox, Ukrainian Catholic (Uniate), Protestant, Jewish


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.06% (1993 est.)

Birth rate: 12.38 births/1000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 12.53 deaths/1000 population (1993 est.)

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air and water pollution, deforestation, radiation contamination around Chornobyl' nuclear power plant
Current issues note: strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second largest country in Europe

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 21 deaths/1000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 69.87 years
Male: 65.32 years
Female: 74.65 years (1993 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.82 children born/woman (1993 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 9-49 can read and write (1970)
Total population: 100%
Male: 100%
Female: 100%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Ukraine - Government 1993
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Ukraine
Local long form: none
Local short form: Ukrayina
Former: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type: republic

Capital:
Kiev (Kyyiv) autonomous republic* (avtomnaya respublika), and 2 municipalites (singular - misto) with oblast status**; Chernihivs'ka, Cherkas'ka, Chernivets'ka,
Dnipropetrovs'ka, Donets'ka, Ivano-Frankivs'ka, Kharkivs'ka, Khersons'ka,
Khmel'nyts'ka, Kirovohrads'ka, Kyyiv (Kiev)**, Kyyivs'ka (Kiev), Luhans'ka,
L'vivs'ka, Mykolayivs'ka, Odes'ka, Poltavs'ka, Respublika Krym*, Rivnens'ka,
Sevastopol'**,Sums'ka, Ternopil's'ka, Vinnyts'ka, Volyns'ka, Zakarpats'ka,
Zaporiz'ka, Zhytomyrs'ka


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 December 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day, 24 August (1991)

Constitution: using 1978 pre-independence constitution; new consitution currently being drafted

Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: president, prime minister, cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme Council

Judicial branch: being organized

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
BSEC, CBSS (observer), CIS, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, IAEA, IBRD, ILO,
IMF, INMARSAT, IOC, ITU, NACC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNPROFOR, UPU,
WHO, WIPO, WMO


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Oleh Hryhorovych BILORUS
In the us chancery: 3,350 M Street NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20,007
In the us telephone: (202) 333-0606
In the us fax: (202) 333-0817
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Roman POPADIUK
From the us embassy: 10 Vul. Yuria Kotsyubinskovo, 252,053 Kiev 53
From the us mailing address: APO AE 9,862
From the us telephone: 7 (044) 244-7,349
From the us fax: 7 (044) 244-7,350

Flag descriptionflag of Ukraine: two equal horizontal bands of azure (top) and golden yellow represent grainfields under a blue sky

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Ukraine - Economy 1993
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Economy overview: After Russia, the Ukrainian republic was far and away the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union producing more than three times the output of the next-ranking republic. Its fertile black soil generated more than one fourth of Soviet agricultural output, and its farms provided substantial quantities of meat, milk, grain and vegetables to other republics. Likewise, its well-developed and diversified heavy industry supplied equipment and raw materials to industrial and mining sites in other regions of the former USSR. In 1992 the Ukrainian government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatizing state enterprises while retaining many central economic controls and continuing subsidies to state production enterprises. In November 1992 the new Prime Minister KUCHMA launched a new economic reform program promising more freedom to the agricultural sector, faster privatization of small and medium enterprises, and stricter control over state subsidies. Even so, the magnitude of the problems and the slow pace in building new market-oriented institutions preclude a near-term recovery of output to the 1990 level.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -13% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: grain, vegetables, meat, milk, sugar beets

Industries: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food-processing (especially sugar)

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate -9% (1992)

Labor force: 25.277 million
By occupation industry and construction: 41%
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 19%
By occupation health education andculture: 18%
By occupation tradeanddistribution: 8%
By occupation transportandcommunication: 7%
By occupation other: 7% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
$13.5 billion to outside of the successor states of the former
USSR (1990)

Commodoties: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, grain, meat
Partners: NA

Imports:
$16.7 billion from outside of the successor states of the former
USSR (1990)

Commodoties: machinery and parts, transportation equipment, chemicals, textiles
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Ukrainian karbovantsi per $US1 - 3,000 (1 April 1993)


Ukraine - Energy 1993
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 55,882,000 kW capacity; 281,000 million kWh produced, 5,410 kWh per capita (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Ukraine - Communication 1993
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Ukraine - Military 1993
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: 544,256 million karbovantsi, NA% of GDP (forecast for 1993; note - conversion of the military budget into US dollars using the current exchange rate could produce misleading results

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Ukraine - Transportation 1993
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 694
Usable: 100
With permanentsurface runways: 111
With runways over 3659 m: 3
With runways 2440-3659 m: 81
With runways 1220-2439 m: 78

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 2,010 km, petroleum products 1,920 km, natural gas 7,800 km (1992) (formerly Zhdanov), Mykolayiv, Odesa, Sevastopol', Pirdenne; inland - Kiev (Kyyiv)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1,672 km perennially navigable (Pripyat and Dnipro River)

Merchant marine:
394 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,952,328
GRT/5,262,161 DWT; includes 234 cargo, 18 container, 7 barge carriers, 55 bulk cargo, 10 oil tanker, 2 chemical tanker, 1 liquefied gas, 12 passenger, 5 passenger cargo, 9 short-sea passenger, 33 roll-on/roll-off, 2 railcar carrier, 1 multi-function-large-load-carrier, 5 refrigerated cargo


Ports and terminals


Ukraine - Transnational issues 1993
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Disputes international:
potential border disputes with Moldova and Romania in northern Bukovina and southern Odes'ka Oblast'; potential dispute with
Moldova over former southern Bessarabian areas; has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other nation


Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis and opium; mostly for CIS consumption; limited government eradication program; used as transshipment points for illicit drugs to Western Europe




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