Guam 1994Guam

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Guam
Guam 

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Guam - Introduction 1994
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Background: Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941 it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.


Guam - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Micronesia, in the North Pacific Ocean, 5,955 km west-southwest of Honolulu, about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and the Philippines

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Area
Total area total: 541.3 km²
Land: 541.3 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 125.5 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coraline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south

Elevation

Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 11%
Permanent crops: 11%
Meadows and pastures: 15%
Forest and woodland: 18%
Other: 45%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; subject to relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August)

Geography
Note: defense is the responsibility of the US


Guam - People 1994
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Population: 149,620 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.48% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Guamanian(s)

Ethnic groups: Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, Caucasian 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 18%

Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%, other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.48% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 25.66 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 3.86 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 3 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 15.17 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 74.29 years
Male: 72.42 years
Female: 76.13 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.39 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980)
Total population: 96%
Male: 96%
Female: 96%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Guam - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
Territory of Guam
conventional short form


Government type: organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Capital: Agana

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday: Guam Discovery Day (first Monday in March) (1521; Liberation Day, 21 July

Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950

Legal system: modeled on US; federal laws apply

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections

Executive branch
Chief of state: President William Jefferson CLINTON (since 20 January 1993); Vice President Albert GORE, Jr. (since 20 January 1993)
Head of government: Governor Joseph A. ADA (since November 1986); Lieutenant Governor Frank F. BLAS (since NA); election last held on 6 November 1990 (next to be held NA November 1994); results - Joseph F. ADA reelected

Legislative branch: unicameral
Legislature: elections last held on 9 November 1992 (next to be held NA November 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (21 total) Democratic 14, Republican 7
US House of Representatives: elections last held 9 November 1992 (next to be held NA November 1994); Guam elects one delegate; results - Robert UNDERWOOD was elected as delegate; seats - (1 total) Democrat 1

Judicial branch: Federal District Court, Territorial Superior Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), IOC, SPC

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (territory of the US)
none (territory of the US)


Flag descriptionflag of Guam: territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Guam - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy depends mainly on US military spending and on revenues from tourism. Over the past 20 years the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. Visitors numbered about 900,000 in 1992. The slowdown in Japanese economic growth has been reflected in less vigorous growth in the tourism sector. About 60% of the labor force works for the private sector and the rest for government. Most food and industrial goods are imported, with about 75% from the US. In early 1994, Guam faces the problem of building up the civilian economic sector to offset the impact of military downsizing.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: relatively undeveloped with most food imported; fruits, vegetables, eggs, pork, poultry, beef, copra

Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 46,930 (1990); federal and territorial government 40%, private 60%
By occupation trade: 18%
By occupation services: 15.6%
By occupation construction: 13.8%
By occupation other: 12.6% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$525 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $34 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodities: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products, construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
Partners: US 25%, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 63%, other 12%

Imports: $493 million (c.i.f., 1984)
Commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
Partners: US 23%, Japan 19%, other 58%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used


Guam - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2.3 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 16,300 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Guam - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Guam - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Guam - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5
Usable: 4
With permanentsurface runways: 3
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 3
With runways 12002439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Guam - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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