Statistical information Armenia 1994Armenia

Map of Armenia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Armenia in the World

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Armenia - Introduction 1994
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Background: Armenia's leaders remain preoccupied by Armenia's six-year old conflict with Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. Although a cease-fire has been in effect since May 1994, the sides have not made substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution.

Armenia - Geography 1994
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Location: Southwestern Asia, between Turkey and Azerbaijan

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Asia, Commonwealth of Independent States - European States, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 29,800 km²
Land: 28,400 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,254 km, Azerbaijan (east) 566 km, Azerbaijan (south) 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

Terrain: high Armenian Plateau with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley


Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 17%
Permanent crops: 3%
Meadows and pastures: 20%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 60%

Irrigated land: 3,050 km² (1990)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasionally severe earthquakes (25,000 people killed in major quake in 1988; subject to drought

Note: landlocked

Armenia - People 1994
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Population: 3,521,517 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.08% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Armenian(s)

Ethnic groups: Armenian 93%, Azeri 3%, Russian 2%, other 2%

Languages: Armenian 96%, Russian 2%, other 2%

Religions: Armenian Orthodox 94%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.08% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 24.21 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 6.72 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -6.72 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade, the result of conflict with Azerbaijan, has led to deforestation as citizens scavenge for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Lake Sevan, a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; air pollution in Yerevan

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 27.1 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.07 years
Male: 68.65 years
Female: 75.65 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.19 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 9-49 can read and write (1970)
Total population: 100%
Male: 100%
Female: 100%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Armenia - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Armenia
Conventional short form:
local long form: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
local short form; Hayastan

Former: Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic; Armenian Republic

Government type: republic

Capital: Yerevan

Administrative divisions: none (all rayons are under direct republic jurisdiction)

Dependent areas

Independence: 28 May 1918 (First Armenian Republic; 23 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Referendum Day, 21 September

Constitution: adopted NA April 1978; post-Soviet constitution not yet adopted

Legal system: based on civil law system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSYAN (since 16 October 1991), Vice President Gagik ARUTYUNYAN (since 16 October 1991); election last held 16 October 1991 (next to be held NA); results - Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSYAN 86%; radical nationalists about 7%; note - Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSYAN was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme Soviet 4 August 1990 before becoming president
Head of government: Prime Minister Hrant BAGRATYAN (since 16 February 1993); First Deputy Prime Minister Vigen CHITECHYAN (since 16 February 1993)

Legislative branch: Army, Air Force, National Guard, Security Forces (internal and border troops)
Supreme Soviet: elections last held 20 May 1990 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (260 total) non-aligned 125, ANM 52, DPA 23, Democratic Liberal Party 17, ARF 17, NDU 9, Christian Democratic Party 1, Constitutional Rights Union 1, UNSD 1, Republican Party 1, Nagorno-Karabakh representatives 13

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders


Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Harry J. GILMORE
From the us chancery: Suite 210, 1660 L Street NW, Washington, DC 20,036
From the us telephone: 7-8,852-151-144 or 8,852-524-661
From the us embassy: 18 Gen Bagramian, Yerevan
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us FAX: 7-8,852-151-138

Flag descriptionflag of Armenia: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, and gold

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Armenia - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Under the old central planning system, Armenia had built up a developed industrial sector, supplying machine building equipment, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics in exchange for raw materials and energy resources. Armenia is a large food importer and its mineral deposits (gold, bauxite) are small. The economic decline in the past three years (1991-93) has been particularly severe due to the ongoing conflict over the Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan and Turkey have blockaded pipeline and railroad traffic to Armenia for its support of the Karabakh Armenians. This has left Armenia with only sporadic deliveries of natural gas through unstable Georgia, while other fuel and raw materials are in critical short supply. Inflation, roughly 14% per month in the first nine months of 1993, surged even higher in the fourth quarter. In late 1993, most industrial enterprises were either shut down or operating at drastically reduced levels. Only small quantities of food were available (mostly humanitarian aid), heat was nonexistent, and electricity strictly rationed. An economic recovery cannot be expected until the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is settled and until transportation through Georgia improves.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -9.9% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 45% of GDP; only 17% of land area is arable; employs 20%-30% of labor force as residents increasingly turn to subsistence agriculture; fruits (especially grapes) and vegetable farming, minor livestock sector; vineyards near Yerevan are famous for brandy and other liqueurs

Industries: traditionally diverse, including (as a percent of output of former USSR) metalcutting machine tools (5.5%), forging-pressing machines (1.9%), electric motors (9%), tires (1.5%), knitted wear (4.4%), hosiery (3.0%), shoes (2.2%), silk fabric (0.8%), washing machines (2.0%), chemicals, trucks, watches, instruments, and microelectronics (1990; currently, much of industry is shut down

Industrial production growth rate: -11% (1993 est.)

Labor force: 1.578 million
By occupation industry and construction: 34%
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 31%
By occupation other: 35% (1992)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.5% of officially registered unemployed but large numbers of underemployed (1993 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $31 million to countries outside the FSU (f.o.b., 1993)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment, light industrial products, processed food items, alcoholic products (1991)
Partners: NA

Imports: $87 million from countries outside the FSU (c.i.f., 1993)
Commodities: grain, other foods, fuel, other energy (1991)
Partners: Russia, US, EC

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: NA

Armenia - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 9 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 2,585 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Armenia - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Armenia - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: 250 million rubles, NA% of GDP (1992 est.), note - conversion of the military budget into US dollars using the current exchange rate could produce misleading results

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Armenia - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 12
Usable: 10
With permanentsurface runways: 6
With runways over 3659 m: 1
With runways 2440-3659 m: 3
With runways 10602439 m: 2
Note: a C-130 can land on a 1,060-m airstrip

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: natural gas 900 km (1991)



Waterways: NA km

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Armenia - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: violent and longstanding dispute with Azerbaijan over ethnically Armenian exclave of Nagorno-Karabakh; traditional demands on former Armenian lands in Turkey have greatly subsided

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit cultivator of cannabis mostly for domestic consumption; used as a transshipment point for illicit drugs to Western Europe

Economy Bookings

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