Statistical information British Indian Ocean Territory 1994British%20Indian%20Ocean%20Territory

Map of British Indian Ocean Territory | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

British Indian Ocean Territory in the World
British Indian Ocean Territory in the World


British Indian Ocean Territory - Introduction 1994
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Background: Established as a territory of the UK in 1965 a number of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) islands were transferred to the Seychelles when it attained independence in 1976. Subsequently BIOT has consisted only of the six main island groups comprising the Chagos Archipelago. The largest and most southerly of the islands Diego Garcia contains a joint UK-US naval support facility. All of the remaining islands are uninhabited. Former agricultural workers earlier resident in the islands were relocated primarily to Mauritius but also to the Seychelles between 1967 and 1973.

British Indian Ocean Territory - Geography 1994
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Location: Southern Asia, in the Indian Ocean, south of India about halfway between Africa and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceStandard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 60 km²
Land: 60 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 698 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds

Terrain: flat and low (up to 4 meters in elevation)


Natural resources: coconuts, fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: 0 km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

British Indian Ocean Territory - People 1994
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Population: no indigenous inhabitants
Note: there are UK-US military personnel; civilian inhabitants, known as the Ilois, evacuated to Mauritius before construction of UK-US military facilities


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

British Indian Ocean Territory - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: conventional short form: none
Abbreviation: BIOT

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: none

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday


Legal system

International law organization participation



Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Commissioner Thomas GEORGE (since September 1991); Administrator Mr. R. G. WELLS (since NA 1991); note - both reside in the UK

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (dependent territory of the UK)
none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of British%20Indian%20Ocean%20Territory: white with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and six blue wavy horizontal stripes bearing a palm tree and yellow crown centered on the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

British Indian Ocean Territory - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: All economic activity is concentrated on the largest island of Diego Garcia, where joint UK-US defense facilities are located. Construction projects and various services needed to support the military installations are done by military and contract employees from the UK, Mauritius, the Philippines, and the US. There are no industrial or agricultural activities on the islands.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

British Indian Ocean Territory - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

British Indian Ocean Territory - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

British Indian Ocean Territory - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

British Indian Ocean Territory - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 1 on Diego Garcia
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 12292439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

British Indian Ocean Territory - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: the entire Chagos Archipelago is claimed by Mauritius

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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