Statistical information Burundi 1994Burundi

Map of Burundi | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Burundi in the World
Burundi in the World


Burundi - Introduction 1994
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Background: in a number of waves since October 1993, hundreds of thousands of refugees have fled the ethnic violence between the Hutu and Tutsi factions in Burundi and crossed into Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zaire.

Burundi - Geography 1994
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Location: Central Africa, between Tanzania and Zaire

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 27,830 km²
Land: 25,650 km²

Land boundaries: total 974 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km, Zaire 233 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: temperate; warm; occasional frost in uplands

Terrain: mostly rolling to hilly highland; some plains


Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxide, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 43%
Permanent crops: 8%
Meadows and pastures: 35%
Forest and woodland: 2%
Other: 12%

Irrigated land: 720 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed

Burundi - People 1994
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Population: 6,124,747 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.26% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Burundian(s)

Ethnic groups

Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Religions: Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 32%, Muslim 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.26% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 44.02 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 21.38 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: soil exhaustion and erosion; deforestation; habitat loss threatening wildlife populations

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 113.7 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 40.3 years
Male: 38.31 years
Female: 42.35 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.69 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 50%
Male: 61%
Female: 40%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Burundi - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Burundi
Conventional short form:
local long form: Republika y'u Burundi
local short form

Government type: republic

Capital: Bujumbura

Administrative divisions: 15 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)

Constitution: 13 March 1992; provides for establishment of a plural political system

Legal system: based on German and Belgian civil codes and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch: chief of state:Interim President Sylvestre NTIBANTUNGANYA, Speaker of the National Assembly, succeeded deceased President NTARYAMIRA in early April 1994 with a mandate for at least 90 days; on 11 July 1994 the mandate was extended by the Constitutional Court for three more months at the request of 12 political parties locked in negotiations on a new broad-based government; elections will be held later in 1994
Note: President Melchior NDADAYE died in the military coup of 21 October 1993 and was succeeded on 5 February 1994 by President Cyprien NTARYAMIRA, who was killed in a mysterious airplane explosion on 6 April 1994
Head of government: Prime Minister Anatole KANYENKIKO (since 7 February 1994); chosen by the president

Legislative branch: Army (includes naval and air units), paramilitary Gendarmerie
National Assembly Assemblee Nationale: elections last held 29 June 1993 (next to be held NA):results - FRODEBU 71%, UPRONA 21.4%; seats - (81 total) FRODIBU 65, UPRONA 16; other parties won too small shares of the vote to win seats in the assembly
Note: The National Unity Charter outlining the principles for constitutional government was adopted by a national referendum on 5 February 1991

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Leonard J. LANGE
From the us chancery: Suite 212, 2,233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007
From the us telephone: [257] (223) 454
From the us embassy: Avenue des Etats-Unis, Bujumbura
From the us mailing address: B. P. 34, 1720, Bujumbura
From the us FAX: [257] (222) 926

Flag descriptionflag of Burundi: divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and outer side) with a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars below)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Burundi - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: A landlocked, resource-poor country in an early stage of economic development, Burundi is predominately agricultural with only a few basic industries. Its economic health depends on the coffee crop, which accounts for 80% of foreign exchange earnings. The ability to pay for imports therefore continues to rest largely on the vagaries of the climate and the international coffee market. As part of its economic reform agenda, launched in February 1991 with IMF and World Bank support, Burundi is trying to diversify its agricultural exports and attract foreign investment in industry. Several state-owned coffee companies were privatized via public auction in September 1991.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -3.8% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 50% of GDP; 90% of population dependent on subsistence farming; marginally self-sufficient in food production; cash crops - coffee, cotton, tea; food crops - corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc; livestock - meat, milk, hides and skins

Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing

Industrial production growth rate: 11% (1991 est.), accounts for about 15% of GDP

Labor force: 1.9 million (1983 est.)
By occupation agriculture: 93.0%
By occupation government: 4.0%
By occupation industry and commerce: 1.5%
By occupation services: 1.5%
By occupation note: 52% of population of working age (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$318 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $40.8 million (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodities: coffee 81%, tea, cotton, hides, and skins
Partners: EC 57%, US 19%, Asia 1%

Imports: $188 million (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodities: capital goods 31%, petroleum products 15%, foodstuffs, consumer goods
Partners: EC 45%, Asia 29%, US 2%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $970 million (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Burundi francs (FBu) per US$1 - 247.94 (November 1993), 208.30 (1992), 181.51 (1991), 171.26 (1990), 158.67 (1989), 140.40 (1988)

Burundi - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 105 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 20 kWh (1991)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Burundi - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Burundi - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $28 million, 3.7% of GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Burundi - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5
Usable: 3
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: Lake Tanganyika

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Burundi - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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