Statistical information Cabo Verde 1994Cabo%20Verde

Map of Cabo Verde | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Cabo Verde in the World
Cabo Verde in the World


Cabo Verde - Introduction 1994
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Background: The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups. Independence was achieved in 1975.

Cabo Verde - Geography 1994
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Location: Western Africa, in the southeastern North Atlantic Ocean, 500 km west of Senegal in Western Africa

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 4,030 km²
Land: 4,030 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 965 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate; warm, dry, summer; precipitation very erratic

Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic


Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, pozzolana, limestone, kaolin, fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 6%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 85%

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active

Note: strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Cabo Verde - People 1994
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Population: 423,120 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 3.01% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Cape Verdean(s)

Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo, a blend of Portuguese and West African words

Religions: Roman Catholicism fused with indigenous beliefs

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.01% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 46.23 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 9.04 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -7.09 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 57.7 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 62.59 years
Male: 60.7 years
Female: 64.58 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.32 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1989)
Total population: 66%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cabo Verde - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
Conventional short form:
local long form: Republica de Cabo Verde
local short form; Cabo Verde

Government type: republic

Capital: Praia

Administrative divisions: 14 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho; Boa Vista, Brava, Fogo, Maio, Paul, Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao Nicolau, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal

Dependent areas

Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 5 July (1975)

Constitution: new constitution came into force 25 September 1992

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Antonio MASCARENHAS Monteiro (since 22 March 1991) election last held 17 February 1991 (next to be held February 1996); results - Antonio Monteiro MASCARENHAS (independent) received 72.6% of vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Carlos Alberto Wahnon de Carvalho VEIGA (since 13 January 1991);

Legislative branch: People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARP) (including Army and Navy), Security Service
People's National Assembly Assembleia Nacional Popular: elections last held 13 January 1991 (next to be held January 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (79 total) MPD 56, PAICV 23; note - this multiparty Assembly election ended 15 years of single-party rule

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Supremo Tribunal de Justia)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOM (observer), ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN (Cape Verde assumed a nonpermanent seat on the Security Council on 1 January 1992), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMOZ, UPU, WCL, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph M. SEGARS
From the us chancery: 3,415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007
From the us telephone: [238] 61-56-16 or 61-56-17
From the us fax: (202) 965-1207
From the us consulates general: Boston
From the us embassy: Rua Hoji Ya Henda 81, Praia
From the us mailing address: C. P. 201, Praia
From the us FAX: [238] 61-13-55

Flag descriptionflag of Cabo%20Verde: three horozontal bands of light blue (top, double width), white (with a horozontal red stripe in the middle third), and light blue; a circle of 10 yellow five pointed stars is centered on the hoist end of the red stripe and extends into the upper and lower blue bands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cabo Verde - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Cape Verde's low per capita GDP reflects a poor natural resource base, a serious, long-term drought, and a high birthrate. The economy is service oriented, with commerce, transport, and public services accounting for 60% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, agriculture's share of GDP is only 20%; the fishing sector accounts for 4%. About 90% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. In 1988 fishing represented only 3.5% of GDP. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by remittances from emigrants and foreign aid. Economic reforms launched by the new democratic government in February 1991 are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.3% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 20% of GDP (including fishing; largely subsistence farming; bananas are the only export crop; other crops - corn, beans, sweet potatoes, coffee; growth potential of agricultural sector limited by poor soils and scanty rainfall; annual food imports required; fish catch provides for both domestic consumption and small exports

Industries: fish processing, salt mining, clothing factories, ship repair, construction materials, food and beverage production

Industrial production growth rate: 18% (1988 est.), accounts for 7% of GDP

Labor force: 102,000 (1985 est.)
By occupation agriculture(mostlysubsistence): 57%
By occupation services: 29%
By occupation industry: 14% (1981)
By occupation note: 51% of population of working age (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$104 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $6 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodities: fish, bananas, hides and skins
Partners: Portugal 40%, Algeria 31%, Angola, Netherlands (1990 est.)

Imports: $145 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodities: foodstuffs, consumer goods, industrial products, transport equipment
Partners: Sweden 33%, Spain 11%, Germany 5%, Portugal 3%, France 3%, Netherlands, US (1990 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $156 million (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Cape Verdean escudos (CVEsc) per US$1 - 85.992 (December 1993), 80.574 (1993), 68.018 (1992), 71.408 (1991), 70.031 (1990), 77.978 (1989)

Cabo Verde - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 15 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 40 kWh (1991)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cabo Verde - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cabo Verde - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cabo Verde - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
Usable: 6
With permanentsurface runways: 6
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 2

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 7 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,717 GRT/19,000 DWT

Ports and terminals

Cabo Verde - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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