Statistical information Central African Republic 1994Central%20African%20Republic

Map of Central African Republic | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Central African Republic in the World
Central African Republic in the World

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Central African Republic - Introduction 1994
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Background: The Central African Republic has been governed by one-party rule since 1986.

Central African Republic - Geography 1994
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Location: Central Africa, between Chad and Zaire

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 622,980 km²
Land: 622,980 km²

Land boundaries: total 5,203 km, Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km, Zaire 1,577 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest


Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 3%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 5%
Forest and woodland: 64%
Other: 28%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas

Note: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

Central African Republic - People 1994
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Population: 3,142,182 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.16% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Central African(s)

Ethnic groups: Baya 34%, Banda 27%, Sara 10%, Mandjia 21%, Mboum 4%, M'Baka 4%, Europeans 6,500 (including 3,600 French)

Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), Arabic, Hunsa, Swahili

Religions: indigenous beliefs 24%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%, other 11%
Note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.16% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 42.3 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 20.69 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: poaching has diminished reputation as one of last great wildlife refuges; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 137.2 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 42.54 years
Male: 41.07 years
Female: 44.06 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.42 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 27%
Male: 33%
Female: 15%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Central African Republic - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: conventional short form: none
Local long form:
Republique Centrafricaine
local short form; none

Former: Central African Empire
Abbreviation: CAR

Government type: republic; one-party presidential regime since 1986

Capital: Bangui

Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui** Basse-Kotto, Gribingui*, Haute-Kotto, Haute-Sangha, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo-Gribingui, Lobaye, Mbomou, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha*, Vakaga

Dependent areas

Independence: 13 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: National Day, 1 December (1958) (proclamation of the republic)

Constitution: 21 November 1986

Legal system: based on French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Felix (Ange) PATASSE (since 22 October 1993) election last held 19 September 1993; PATASSE received 52.45% of the votes and Abel GOUMBA received 45.62%; next election schelduled for 1998
Head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Jean-Luc MANDABA (since 25 October 1993)

Legislative branch: Central African Army (including Republican Guard), Air Force, National Gendarmerie, Police Force
National Assembly Assemblee Nationale: elections last held 19 September 1993; results - percentage vote by party NA; seats - (85 total) MLPC 33, RDC 14, PLD 7, ADP 6, PSD 3, others 22
Note: the National Assembly is advised by the Economic and Regional Council (Conseil Economique et Regional); when they sit together they are called the Congress (Congres)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders


Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Robert E. GRIBBIN
From the us chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [236] 61-02-00, 61-25-78, 61-43-33, 61-02-10
From the us embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui
From the us mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui
From the us FAX: [236] 61-44-94

Flag descriptionflag of Central%20African%20Republic: four equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, green, and yellow with a vertical red band in center; there is a yellow five-pointed star on the hoist side of the blue band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Central African Republic - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Subsistence agriculture, including forestry, remains the backbone of the CAR economy, with more than 70% of the population living in the countryside. In 1990 the agricultural sector generated about 42% of GDP. Timber accounted for about 26% of export earnings and the diamond industry for 54%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, and a weak human resource base. Multilateral and bilateral development assistance, particularly from France, plays a major role in providing capital for new investment.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -3% (1990 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 42% of GDP; self-sufficient in food production except for grain; commercial crops - cotton, coffee, tobacco, timber; food crops - manioc, yams, millet, corn, bananas

Industries: diamond mining, sawmills, breweries, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles

Industrial production growth rate: 4% (1990 est.), accounts for 14% of GDP

Labor force: 775,413 (1986 est.)
By occupation agriculture: 85%
By occupation commerceand services: 9%
By occupation industry: 3%
By occupation government: 3%
By occupation note: about 64,000 salaried workers; 55% of population of working age (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 30% (1988 est.) in Bangui

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$175 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $123.5 million (f.o.b.1992)
Commodities: diamonds, cotton, coffee, timber, tobacco
Partners: France, Belgium, Italy, Japan, US

Imports: $165.1 million (f.o.b.1992)
Commodities: food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, consumer goods, industrial products
Partners: France, other EC countries, Japan, Algeria

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $859 million (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 592.05 (January 1994), 283.16 (1993), 264.69 (1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989)
Note: beginning 12 January 1994, the CFA franc was devalued to CFAF 100 per French franc from CFAF 50 at which it had been fixed since 1948

Central African Republic - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 95 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 30 kWh (1991)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Central African Republic - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Central African Republic - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $23 million, 1.8% of GDP (1989 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Central African Republic - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 65
Usable: 51
With permanentsurface runways: 3
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 20

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 800 km; traditional trade carried on by means of shallow-draft dugouts; Oubangui is the most important river

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Central African Republic - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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