Statistical information Christmas Island 1994Christmas%20Island

Map of Christmas Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Christmas Island in the World
Christmas Island in the World

Austrian Airlines

Christmas Island - Introduction 1994
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Background: Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. The phosphate mine closed in 1987 was reopened four years later but the need for an alternative industry has spurred investment in tourism. Old mining areas are being restored and almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

Christmas Island - Geography 1994
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Location: Southeastern Asia, in the Indian Ocean, between Australia and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Total area total: 135 km²
Land: 135 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 138.9 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau


Natural resources: phosphate
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: almost completely surrounded by a reef

Note: defense is the responsibility of Australia

Christmas Island - People 1994
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Population: 973 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: -9% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Christmas Islander(s)

Ethnic groups

Languages: English

Religions: Buddhist 36.1%, Muslim 25.4%, Christian 17.7% (Roman Catholic 8.2%, Church of England 3.2%, Presbyterian 0.9%, Uniting Church 0.4%, Methodist 0.2%, Baptist 0.1%, and other 4.7%), none 12.7%, unknown 4.6%, other 3.5% (1981)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -9% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Christmas Island - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
Territory of Christmas Island
conventional short form

Government type: territory of Australia

Capital: The Settlement

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: Christmas Island Act of 1958

Legal system: under the authority of the governor general of Australia

International law organization participation



Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Administrator M. J. GRIMES (since NA)

Legislative branch: none

Judicial branch: none

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (territory of Australia)
none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Christmas%20Island: the flag of Australia is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Christmas Island - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine as no longer economically viable. Plans have been under way to reopen the mine and also to build a casino and hotel to develop tourism.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: NA

Industries: phosphate extraction (near depletion)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Note: all workers are employees of the phosphate-mining Company of Christmas Island Ltd.
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: phosphate
Partners: Australia, NZ

Imports: $NA
Commodities: consumer goods
Partners: principally Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.4364 (January 1994), 1.4704, (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2836 (1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989)

Christmas Island - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 30 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 17,800 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Christmas Island - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Christmas Island - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Christmas Island - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Christmas Island - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

The Fives Hotels

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