Statistical information Djibouti 1994Djibouti

Map of Djibouti | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Djibouti in the World
Djibouti in the World


Djibouti - Introduction 1994
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Background: The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. A peace accord in 1994 ended a three-year uprising by Afars rebels.

Djibouti - Geography 1994
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Location: Eastern Africa, at the entrance to the Red Sea between Eritrea and Somalia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 22,000 km²
Land: 21,980 km²

Land boundaries: total 508 km, Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

Coastline: 314 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: desert; torrid, dry

Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains


Natural resources: geothermal areas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 9%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 91%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: prone to earthquakes, droughts

Note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; a vast wasteland

Djibouti - People 1994
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Population: 412,599 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.71% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Djiboutian(s)

Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%

Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.71% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 42.94 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 15.8 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 111 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 49.23 years
Male: 47.42 years
Female: 51.1 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.21 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 48%
Male: 63%
Female: 34%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Djibouti - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
Conventional short form: former:French Territory of the Afars and Issas French Somaliland

Government type: republic

Capital: Administrative divisions:5 districts (cercles, singular - cercle; 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 June (1977)

Constitution: multiparty constitution approved in referendum 4 September 1992

Legal system: based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch
Chief of state: President HASSAN GOULED Aptidon (since 24 June 1977); election last held 7 May 1993 (next to be held NA 1999); results - President Hassan GOULED Aptidon was reelected
Head of government: Prime Minister BARKAT Gourad Hamadou (since 30 September 1978)

Legislative branch: Djibouti National Army (including Navy and Air Force), National Security Force (Force Nationale de Securite), National Police Force
Chamber of Deputies Chambre des Deputes: elections last held 18 December 1992; results - RPP is the only party; seats - (65 total) RPP 65

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IGADD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNESCO, UNCTAD, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Martin CHESES
From the us chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,005
From the us telephone: [253] 35-39-95
From the us fax: (202) 331-0302
From the us embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
From the us mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
From the us FAX: [253] 35-39-40

Flag descriptionflag of Djibouti: two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Djibouti - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance (an important supplement to GDP) to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of over 30% continues to be a major problem. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last five years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees).

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -1% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for only 2% of GDP; scanty rainfall limits crop production to mostly fruit and vegetables; half of population pastoral nomads herding goats, sheep, and camels; imports bulk of food needs

Industries: limited to a few small-scale enterprises, such as dairy products and mineral-water bottling

Industrial production growth rate: 3% (1991 est.), manufacturing accounts for 12% of GDP

Labor force: NA
a small number of semi-skilled laborers at the port and 3,000 railway workers
52% of population of working age (1983)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: over 30% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$170 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $158 million (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodities: hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
Partners: Africa 47%, Middle East 40%, Western Europe 12%

Imports: $334 million (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodities: foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
Partners: Western Europe 48%, Asia 25%, Africa 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $355 million (December 1990)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Djiboutian francs (DF) per US$1 - 177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)

Djibouti - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 200 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 580 kWh (1991)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Djibouti - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Djibouti - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $26 million, NA% of GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Djibouti - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 13
Usable: 11
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 4

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Djibouti - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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