Statistical information Falkland Islands 1994Falkland%20Islands

Map of Falkland Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Falkland Islands in the World
Falkland Islands in the World

Thrifty Traveler

Falkland Islands - Introduction 1994
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Background: Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592 the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690 and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute first between Britain and Spain then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982.

Falkland Islands - Geography 1994
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Location: Southern South America, in the South Atlantic Ocean, off the southern coast of Argentina

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAntarctic Region, South America

Total area total: 12,170 km²
Land: 12,170 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,288 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 100-m depth
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

Terrain: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains


Natural resources: fish, wildlife
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 99%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 1%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Falkland Islands - People 1994
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Population: 2,261 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.43% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Falkland Islander(s)

Ethnic groups: British

Languages: English

Religions: primarily Anglican, Roman Catholic, United Free Church, Evangelist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.43% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA

Life expectancy at birth: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Falkland Islands - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
Colony of the Falkland Islands
conventional short form

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Stanley

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)

Constitution: 3 October 1985

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Governor David Everard TATHAM (since August 1992)

Legislative branch: British Forces Falkland Islands (including Army, Royal Air Force, Royal Navy, and Royal Marines), Police Force
Legislative Council: elections last held 11 October 1989 (next to be held October 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (10 total, 8 elected) number of seats by party NA

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ICFTU

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (dependent territory of the UK)
none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Falkland%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms in a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising is the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Falkland Islands - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy is based on sheep farming, which directly or indirectly employs most of the work force. A few dairy herds are kept to meet domestic consumption of milk and milk products, and crops grown are primarily those for providing winter fodder. Exports feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. Rich stocks of fish in the surrounding waters are not presently exploited by the islanders. So far, efforts to establish a domestic fishing industry have been unsuccessful. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falklands exclusive fishing zone. These license fees amount to more than $40 million per year and are a primary source of income for the government. To encourage tourism, the Falkland Islands Development Corporation has built three lodges for visitors attracted by the abundant wildlife and trout fishing.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: predominantly sheep farming; small dairy herds; some fodder and vegetable crops

Industries: wool and fish processing

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 1,100 (est.)
By occupation: agriculture 95% (mostly sheepherding)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%; labor shortage

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$62.7 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: at least $14.7 million
Commodities: wool, hides and skins, and meat
Partners: UK, Netherlands, Japan (1987 est.)

Imports: at least $13.9 million
Commodities: food, clothing, fuels, and machinery
Partners: UK, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Japan (1987 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Falkland pound (#F) per US$1 - 0.6699 (January 1994), 0.6658 (1993), 0.5664 (1992), 0.5652 (1991), 0.5604 (1990), 0.6099 (1989; note - the Falkland pound is at par with the British pound

Falkland Islands - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 8,940 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Falkland Islands - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Falkland Islands - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Falkland Islands - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5
Usable: 5
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Falkland Islands - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: administered by the UK, claimed by Argentina

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

The Fives Hotels

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