Statistical information Federated States of Micronesia 1994Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

Map of Federated States of Micronesia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Federated States of Micronesia in the World
Federated States of Micronesia in the World


Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 1994
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.

Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Micronesia, in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania, Southeast Asia, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 702 km²
Land: 702 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasional severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk


Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Meadows and pastures: NA%
Forest and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to typhoons (June to December)

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Federated States of Micronesia - People 1994
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Population: 120,347 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 3.36% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Micronesian(s)

Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean

Religions: Christian (divided between Roman Catholic and Protestant; other churches include Assembly of God, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist, Latter-Day Saints, and the Baha'i Faith)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.36% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 28.3 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 6.38 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 37.24 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.63 years
Male: 65.67 years
Female: 69.62 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.01 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980)
Total population: 90%
Male: 90%
Female: 85%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Federated States of Micronesia - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Conventional short form: none
Former: Kosrae, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Abbreviation: FSM

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

Capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei)
Note: a new capital is being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk (Truk), Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state and head of government:President Bailey OLTER (since 21 May 1991; Vice President Jacob NENA (since 21 May 1991; election last held ll May 1991 (next to be held March 1995; results - President Bailey OLTER elected president; Vice-President Jacob NENA

Legislative branch: unicameral
Congress: elections last held on 5 March 1991 (next to be held March 1993); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (14 total)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Aurelia E. BRAZEAL
From the us chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20,036
From the us telephone: 691-320-2,187
From the us fax: (202) 223-4,391
From the us consulates general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
From the us embassy: address NA, Kolonia
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96,941
From the us FAX: 691-320-2,186

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the l990s. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mainly a subsistence economy; black pepper; tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, pigs, chickens

Industries: tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: two-thirds are government employees
By occupation note: 45,000 people are between the ages of 15 and 65
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 27% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$165 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.3 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: copra
Partners: NA

Imports: $67.7 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodities: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 380 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Federated States of Micronesia - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
Usable: 5
With permanentsurface runways: 4
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 4

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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