Statistical information French Guiana 1994French%20Guiana

Map of French Guiana | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

French Guiana in the World
French Guiana in the World

French Guiana - Introduction 1994
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Background: First settled by the French in 1604 French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.

French Guiana - Geography 1994
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Location: Northern South America, bordering on the North Atlantic Ocean between Suriname and Brazil

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceSouth America, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total: total area: 91,000 km²; land:89,150 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,183 km, Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains


Natural resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land:0%; permanent crops:0%; meadows and pastures:0%; forest and woodland:82%; other:18%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: defense is the responsibility of France

French Guiana - People 1994
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Population: 139,299 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 4.27% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:French Guianese (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 66%, Caucasian 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%

Languages: French

Religions: Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 4.27% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 25.83 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 4.67 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 21.54 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 15.9 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population:75.2 years; male:71.93 years; female:78.63 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.5 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1982); total population:82%; male:81%; female:83%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

French Guiana - Government 1994
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Country name: conventional long form: Department of Guiana; conventional short form: local long form: none; local short form; Guyane

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Cayenne

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state:President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981); head of government:Prefect Jean-Francois CORDET (since NA 1992); President of the General Council Elie CASTOR (since NA); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (22 March 1993)

Legislative branch: French Forces, Gendarmerie

Judicial branch: Court of Appeals (highest local court based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WCL

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (overseas department of France)
none (overseas department of France)

Flag descriptionflag of French%20Guiana: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

French Guiana - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy is tied closely to that of France through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities, with exports of fish and fish products (mostly shrimp) accounting for more than 60% of total revenue in 1992. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops - rice, cassava, bananas, and sugar cane - is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: some vegetables for local consumption; rice, corn, manioc, cocoa, bananas, sugar; livestock - cattle, pigs, poultry

Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 23,265
By occupation services government and commerce: 60.6%
By occupation industry: 21.2%
By occupation agriculture: 18.2% (1980)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 13% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$735 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $59 million (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: shrimp, timber, rum, rosewood essence
Partners: France 52%, Spain 15%, US 5% (1992)

Imports: $1.5 billion (c.i.f., 1992)
Commodities: food (grains, processed meat), other consumer goods, producer goods, petroleum
Partners: France 77%, Germany 11%, US 5% (1992)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.2 billion (1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.9205 (January 1994), 5.6632 (1993), 5.2938 (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989)

French Guiana - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 185 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,450 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

French Guiana - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

French Guiana - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $N/A, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

French Guiana - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: total:10; usable:10; with permanent-surface runways:4; with runways over 3,659 m:0; with runways 2,440-3,659 m:1; with runways 1,220-2,439 m:1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 460 km, navigable by small oceangoing vessels and river and coastal steamers; 3,300 km navigable by native craft

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

French Guiana - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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