Statistical information Gabon 1994Gabon

Map of Gabon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gabon in the World
Gabon in the World

Travelex


Gabon - Introduction 1994
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Background: Ruled by autocratic presidents since independence from France in 1960 Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and for reforms of governmental institutions. A small population abundant natural resources and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous black African countries.


Gabon - Geography 1994
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Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator between the Congo and Equatorial Guinea

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 267,670 km²
Land: 257,670 km²

Land boundaries: total 2,551 km, Cameroon 298 km, Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial Guinea 350 km

Coastline: 885 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 18%
Forest and woodland: 78%
Other: 2%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography


Gabon - People 1994
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Population: 1,139,006 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.46% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Gabonese (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: Bantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Bapounou, Bateke), Africans and Europeans 100,000, including 27,000 French

Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Religions: Christian 55-75%, Muslim less than 1%, animist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.46% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 28.46 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 13.9 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; poaching

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 94.8 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 54.67 years
Male: 51.88 years
Female: 57.53 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.97 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 61%
Male: 74%
Female: 48%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Gabon - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Gabonese Republic
Conventional short form:
local long form: Republique Gabonaise
local short form


Government type: republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized 1990)

Capital: Libreville

Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem

Dependent areas

Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Renovation Day, 12 March (1968) (Gabonese Democratic Party established)

Constitution: adopted 14 March 1991

Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; compulsory ICJ jurisdiction not accepted

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President El Hadj Omar BONGO (since 2 December 1967); election last held on 5 December 1993 (next to be held NA 1998); results - President Omar BONGO was reelected with 51% of the vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Casimir OYE-MBA (since 3 May 1990)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, Presidential Guard, National Gendarmerie, National Police
National Assembly Assemblee Nationale: elections last held on 21 and 28 October and 4 November 1990 (next to be held by NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (120 total) PDG 62, Morena-Bucherons/RNB 19, PGP 18, National Recovery Movement (Morena-Original) 7, APSG 6, USG 4, CRP 1, independents 3

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS (associate), NAM, OAU, OIC, OPEC, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph C. WILSON IV
From the us chancery: 2,034 20th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009
From the us telephone: (241) 762,003/4, or 743,492
From the us embassy: Boulevard de la Mer, Libreville
From the us mailing address: B. P. 4,000, Libreville
From the us FAX: [241] 745-507

Flag descriptionflag of Gabon: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Gabon - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Notwithstanding its serious ongoing economic problems, Gabon enjoys a per capita income more than twice that of most nations of sub-Saharan Africa. Gabon depended on timber and manganese until oil was discovered offshore in the early 1970s. The oil sector now accounts for 50% of GNP. Real growth was feeble in 1992 and Gabon continues to face weak prices for its timber, manganese, and uranium exports. Despite an abundance of natural wealth, and a manageable rate of population growth, the economy is hobbled by poor fiscal management. In 1992, the fiscal deficit widened to 2.4% of GDP, and Gabon failed to settled arrears on its bilateral debt, leading to a cancellation of rescheduling agreements with official and private creditors. Devaluation of the local currency by 50% in January 1994 could set off an inflationary spiral if the government fails to reign in spending and grants large wage increases to an already overpaid public sector workforce.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 0.5% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 9% of GDP (including fishing and forestry; cash crops - cocoa, coffee, palm oil; livestock not developed; importer of food; small fishing operations provide a catch of about 20,000 metric tons; okoume (a tropical softwood) is the most important timber product

Industries: petroleum, food and beverages, lumbering and plywood, textiles, mining - manganese, uranium, gold, cement

Industrial production growth rate: -10% (1988 est.), accounts for 8% of GDP, including petroleum

Labor force: 120,000 salaried
By occupation agriculture: 65.0%
By occupation industry and commerce: 30.0%
By occupation services: 2.5%
By occupation government: 2.5%
By occupation note: 58% of population of working age (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$1.3 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.3 billion (f.o.b., 1992 est)
Commodities: crude oil 80%, timber 9%, manganese 7%, uranium 2%
Partners: France 48%, US 15%, Germany 2%, Japan 2%

Imports: $702 million (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs, chemical products, petroleum products, construction materials, manufactures, machinery
Partners: France 64%, African countries 7%, US 5%, Japan 3%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $4.4 billion (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 592.05 (January 1994), 283.16 (1993), 264.69 (1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989)
Note: beginning 12 January 1994, the CFA franc was devalued to CFAF 100 per French franc from CFAF 50 at which it had been fixed since 1948


Gabon - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 995 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 920 kWh (1991)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Gabon - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Gabon - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $102 million, 3.2% of GDP (1990 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Gabon - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 70
Usable: 59
With permanentsurface runways: 10
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 22

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 270 km; petroleum products 14 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1,600 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine: 2 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 18,562 GRT/25,330 DWT

Ports and terminals


Gabon - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: maritime boundary dispute with Equatorial Guinea because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Turbopass


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