Statistical information Gaza Strip 1994Gaza%20Strip

Map of Gaza Strip | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Gaza Strip in the World
Gaza Strip in the World

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Gaza Strip - Introduction 1994
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Background: the Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements ("the DOP"), signed in Washington on 13 September 1993, provides for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.


Gaza Strip - Geography 1994
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Location: Middle East, bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceMiddle East

Area
Total area total: 360 km²
Land: 360 km²

Land boundaries: total 62 km, Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

Coastline: 40 km

Maritime claims: Israeli occupied with status to be determined

Climate: temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

Terrain: flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

Elevation

Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 13%
Permanent crops: 32%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 55%

Irrigated land: 200 km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: Under the Israeli-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arragements ("the DOP"), Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, and subsequently to an elected Palestinian Council, as part of interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho has taken place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area. The DOP provides that Israel will retain responsibility during the transitional period for external security and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israelis. Final status is to be determined through direct negotiations within five years.


Gaza Strip - People 1994
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Population: 731,296 (July 1994 est.)
Note: in addition, there are 4,500 Jewish settlers in the Gaza Strip (1994 est.)
Growth rate: 3.53% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:NA

Ethnic groups: Palestinian Arab and other 99.8%, Jewish 0.2%

Languages: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers), English (widely understood)

Religions: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 99%, Christian 0.7%, Jewish 0.3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.53% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 45.01 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.45 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -4.29 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: desertification
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 36.9 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.78 years
Male: 66.47 years
Female: 69.16 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 7.39 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Gaza Strip - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form:
local long form: none
local short form; Qita Ghazzah


Government type

Capital

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday

Constitution

Legal system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch

Legislative branch: NA

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Gaza%20Strip

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Gaza Strip - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: In 1991 roughly 40% of Gaza Strip workers were employed across the border by Israeli industrial, construction, and agricultural enterprises, with worker remittances accounting for about one-third of GNP. The construction, agricultural, and industrial sectors account for about 18%, 16%, and 12% of GNP, respectively. Gaza depends upon Israel for nearly 90% of its external trade. Aggravating the impact of Israeli military administration, unrest in the territory since 1988 (intifadah) has raised unemployment and lowered the standard of living of Gazans. The Persian Gulf crisis and its aftershocks also have dealt blows to Gaza since August 1990. Worker remittances from the Gulf states have dropped, unemployment has increased, and exports have fallen. The withdrawal of Israel from the Gaza Strip in May 1994 brings a new set of adjustment problems.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 16% of GNP; olives, citrus and other fruits, vegetables, beef, dairy products

Industries: generally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center

Industrial production growth rate: 11% (1991 est.), accounts for about 12% of GNP

Labor force: NA
By occupation construction: 33.4%
By occupation agriculture: 20.0%
By occupation commerce restaurants and hotels: 14.9%
By occupation industry: 10.0%
By occupation other services: 21.7% (1991)
By occupation note: excluding Jewish settlers
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 20% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$33.6 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year (since 1 January 1992)

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $75 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodities: citrus
Partners: Israel, Egypt

Imports: $370 million (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodities: food, consumer goods, construction materials
Partners: Israel, Egypt

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels (NIS) per US$1 - 2.9760 (February 1994), 2.8301 (1993), 2.4591 (1992), 2.2791 (1991), 2.0162 (1990), 1.9164 (1989)


Gaza Strip - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Gaza Strip - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Gaza Strip - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Gaza Strip - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 0
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Gaza Strip - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli occupied with interim status subject to Israeli/Palestinian negotiations - final status to be determined

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Volotea Air


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