Statistical information Ghana 1994Ghana

Map of Ghana | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Ghana in the World
Ghana in the World

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Ghana - Introduction 1994
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Background: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory Ghana in 1957 became the first country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. A long series of coups resulted in the suspension of the constitution in 1981 and the banning of political parties. A new constitution restoring multiparty politics was approved in 1992.


Ghana - Geography 1994
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Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 238,540 km²
Land: 230,020 km²

Land boundaries: total 2,093 km, Burkina 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km

Coastline: 539 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Elevation

Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 5%
Permanent crops: 7%
Meadows and pastures: 15%
Forest and woodland: 37%
Other: 36%

Irrigated land: 80 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March

Geography
Note: Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake; northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)


Ghana - People 1994
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Population: 17,225,185 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 3.09% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Ghanaian(s)

Ethnic groups: black African 99.8% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%), European and other 0.2%

Languages: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)

Religions: indigenous beliefs 38%, Muslim 30%, Christian 24%, other 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.09% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 44.13 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 12.27 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.97 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; limited supply of safe drinking water

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 83.1 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 55.52 years
Male: 53.58 years
Female: 57.52 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.15 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 60%
Male: 70%
Female: 51%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Ghana - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Ghana
Conventional short form: former:Gold Coast

Government type: constitutional democracy

Capital: Accra

Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957)

Constitution: new constitution approved 28 April 1992

Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at 18

Executive branch: chief of state and head of government:President Jerry John RAWLINGS (since 3 November 1992) election last held 3 November 1992 (next to be held NA)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force, Civil Defense
National Assembly: elections last held 29 December 1992 (next to be held NA)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LORCS, MINURSO, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNPROFOR, UNTAC, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Kenneth L. BROWN
From the us chancery: 3,512 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [233] (21) 775,348, 775,349, 775,297 or 775,298
From the us fax: (202) 686-4,527
From the us consulates general: New York
From the us embassy: Ring Road East, East of Danquah Circle, Accra
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 194, Accra
From the us FAX: [233] (21) 776,008

Flag descriptionflag of Ghana: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the gold band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Ghana - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Supported by substantial international assistance, Ghana has been implementing a steady economic rebuilding program since 1983, including moves toward privatization and relaxation of government controls. The agriculture sector consists largely of small traditional farm holdings, rain-fed for the most part. Heavily dependent on cocoa, gold, and timber exports, economic growth so far has not spread substantially to other areas of the economy. The costs of sending peacekeeping forces to Liberia and preparing for the transition to a democratic government have boosted government expenditures and undercut structural adjustment reforms. Ghana opened a stock exchange in 1990 and plans to float 5% of its stake in Ashanti Goldfields Corporation, which would make the exchange the largest in sub-Saharan Africa outside of South Africa.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.9% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 43% of GDP (including fishing and forestry; the major cash crop is cocoa; other principal crops - rice, coffee, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, timber; normally self-sufficient in food

Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum, food processing

Industrial production growth rate: in manufacturing (1992; accounts for almost 15% of GDP

Labor force: 3.7 million
By occupation agriculture and fishing: 54.7%
By occupation industry: 18.7%
By occupation sales and clerical: 15.2%
By occupation services transportation and communications: 7.7%
By occupation professional: 3.7%
By occupation note: 48% of population of working age (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$1 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: cocoa 40%, gold, timber, tuna, bauxite, and aluminum
Partners: Germany 31%, US 12%, UK 11%, Netherlands 6%, Japan 5% (1991)

Imports: $1.5 billion (c.i.f., 1992)
Commodities: petroleum 16%, consumer goods, foods, intermediate goods, capital equipment
Partners: UK 22%, US 11%, Germany 9%, Japan 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $4.6 billion (1992 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: new cedis per US$1 - 713.00 (October 1993), 437.09 (1992), 367.83 (1991), 326.33 (1990), 270.00 (1989)


Ghana - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4.49 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 290 kWh (1991)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Ghana - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Ghana - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $30 million, less than 1% of GDP (1989 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Ghana - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 11
Usable: 11
With permanentsurface runways: 6
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 3
With runways 1220-2439 m: 6

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: none

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers provide 168 km of perennial navigation for launches and lighters; Lake Volta provides 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways

Merchant marine: 5 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 46,289 GRT/61,606 DWT, cargo 4, refrigerated cargo 1

Ports and terminals


Ghana - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin destined for the US and Europe


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