Statistical information Greenland 1994Greenland

Map of Greenland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Greenland in the World
Greenland in the World

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Greenland - Introduction 1994
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Background: The world's largest island about 84% ice-capped Greenland was granted self-government in 1978 by the Danish parliament. The law went into effect the following year.

Greenland - Geography 1994
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Location: Northern North America, in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Canada and Norway

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceArctic Region, North America, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total: total area: 2,175,600 km²; land:383,600 km² (ice free)

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 44,087 km

Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone:200 nm; territorial sea:3 nm

Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast


Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, cryolite, uranium, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land:0%; permanent crops:0%; meadows and pastures:1%; forest and woodland:0%; other:99%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: defense is responsibility of Denmark

Greenland - People 1994
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Population: 57,040 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.94% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Greenlander(s)

Ethnic groups: Greenlander 86% (Eskimos and Greenland-born Caucasians), Danish 14%

Languages: Eskimo dialects, Danish

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.94% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 18.6 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 7.43 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.75 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 26.7 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population:66.91 years; male:62.55 years; female:71.28 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.29 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: total population:NA%; male:NA%; female:NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Greenland - Government 1994
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Country name: conventional long form: none; conventional short form: local long form: none; local short form; Kalaallit Nunaat

Government type: part of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative division

Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)

Administrative divisions: 3 municipalities (kommuner, singular - kommun); Nordgronland, Ostgronland, Vestgronland

Dependent areas

Independence: none (part of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative division)

National holiday: Birthday of the Queen, 16 April (1940)

Constitution: 5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)

Legal system: Danish

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state:Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Torben Hede PEDERSEN (since NA); head of government:Home Rule Chairman Lars Emil JOHANSEN (since 15 March 1991)

Legislative branch: unicameral; Parliament (Landsting):elections last held on 5 March 1991 (next to be held 5 March 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (27 total) Siumut 11, Atassut Party 8, Inuit Ataqatigiit 5, Center Party 2, Polar Party 1; Danish Folketing:last held on 12 December 1990 (next to be held by December 1994); Greenland elects two representatives to the Folketing; results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total) Siumut 1, Atassut 1

Judicial branch: High Court (Landsret)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)

Flag descriptionflag of Greenland: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center - the top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Greenland - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Greenland's economic situation at present is difficult. Unemployment is increasing, and prospects for economic growth in the immediate future are dim. Following the closing of the Black Angel lead and zinc mine in 1989, Greenland became almost completely dependent on fishing and fish processing, the sector accounting for 95% of exports. Prospects for fisheries are not bright, as the important shrimp catches will at best stabilize and cod catches have dropped. Resumption of mining and hydrocarbon activities is not around the corner, thus leaving only tourism with some potential for the near future. The public sector in Greenland, i.e., the central government and its commercial entities and the municipalities, plays a dominant role in Greenland accounting for about two-thirds of total employment. About half the government's revenues come from grants from the Danish Government.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -10% (1990)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sector dominated by fishing and sheep raising; crops limited to forage and small garden vegetables; 1988 fish catch of 133,500 metric tons

Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp), lead and zinc mining, handicrafts, some small shipyards, potential for platinum and gold mining

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 22,800
Note: largely engaged in fishing, hunting and sheepbreeding
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9% (1990 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$381 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $340.6 million (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodities: fish and fish products 95%
Partners: Denmark 79%, Benelux 9%, Germany 5%

Imports: $403 million (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodities: manufactured goods 28%, machinery and transport equipment 24%, food and live animals 12.4%, petroleum products 12%
Partners: Denmark 65%, Norway 8.8%, US 4.6%, Germany 3.8%, Japan 3.8%, Sweden 2.4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $480 million (1990 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Danish kroner (DKr) per US$1 - 6.771 (January 1994), 6.484 (1993), 6.036 (1992), 6.396 (1991), 6.189 (1990), 7.310 (1989)

Greenland - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 176 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,060 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Greenland - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Greenland - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Greenland - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: total:11; usable:8; with permanent-surface runways:5; with runways over 3,659 m:0; with runways 2,440-3,659 m:2; with runways 1,220-2,439 m:2

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Greenland - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: dispute betwen Denmark and Norway over maritime boundary in Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Jan Mayen has been settled by the International Court of Justice (ICJ)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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